Thanks for the explanation. I always thought that the cartouche was an elongated image of the Ancient Egyptian shen ring. The word 'shen' in Egyptian means 'to encircle' and the shen ring hieroglyph suggested eternal protection and can be traced back to the third dynasty. The shen ring is most commonly associated with Horus and the pharaoh was supposed to be the 'living Horus'. Could the cartouche not serve an emblematic purpose, given its associations with Horus? See here:
Might I also ask: if Champollion is alleged to have falsified the Abydos king list, how would he have known to omit Akhenaten, Hatshepsut, Smenkhare, Tutankhamun and Ay? If so very little was then known about these rulers and Ancient Egyptian archaeology was still in its infancy, how would Champollion or anyone else have known to omit them from a king list? I find it curious - and too uncannily accurate to be coincidence - that anyone could have correctly omitted rulers from a 'falsified' king list whom were later confirmed as having been virtually erased from the historical record in the ancient past an act of 'damnatio memoriae'.
Also, do you consider that the Karnak king list - first described in 1825 - which lists sixty one kings, though only 39 are still legible - and with only one of these not written in a cartouche - is also arguably 'falsified'?
Post edited to add the image of the shen ring and to correct my spelling: I know how to spell but my fingers don't seem to this evening!
Post Edited (03-Jun-14 22:55)