Spiral design altar block from the Tarxien Temples of Malta, uncovered by Sir Themistocles Zammit
Front and Back Sides of Narmer Palette, this facsimile on display at the Royal Ontario Museum, in Toronto, Canada. The Palette depicts Narmer unifying Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
c. 3100 BC: Narmer (Menes) unifies Upper and Lower Egypt into one country; he rules this new country from Memphis.
c. 3100 BC: Narmer, pharaoh, rules (other dates are 3150 BCï¿½3125 BC).)
c. 3100 BC: Predynastic period (Neolithic) ends in Ancient Egypt (other date is 3150 BC).
c. 3100 BC: Early Dynastic (Archaic) period starts in Ancient Egypt (other date is 3150 BC).
c. 3100 BC: The first temple of Tarxien is in use by the Neolithic inhabitants of Malta.
c. 3100 BC: First stage in the construction of Stonehenge.
c. 3100 BC ï¿½ 2600 BC: Skara Brae, Orkney Islands, Scotland is inhabited. Discovered 1850.)
c. 3100 BC: Anu Ziggurat and White Temple in Uruk, Mesopotamia (modern Warka, Iraq) are built.)
c. 3100 BC: Humans develop a writing system, cuneiform script.
And then now this ...
... The cores showed an abrupt depletion in oxygen-18 isotopes that researchers believe signals a second drought event occurring around 5,200 years ago. This coincides with the period when anthropologists believe people in the region began to come together to form cities and social structures. Prior to this, the population of mainly hunters and gatherers had been more scattered. ...
And moving forward ...
Ur-Nammu (seated) bestows governorship on Ḫaï¿½ḫamer, patesi (high priest) of Iï¿½kun-Sin (cylinder seal impression, ca. 2100 BC).
Note: all dates from this long ago should be regarded as either approximate or conjectural; there are no absolutely certain dates, and multiple competing reconstructed chronologies, for this time period.
c. 2100 BC ï¿½ c. 2050 BC: Nanna Ziggurat, Ur (modern Muqaiyir, Iraq) was built.
2091 BC: Beginning of the Patriarchal Age was traditionally set in this year.
2080 BC: Ninth Dynasty wars in Egypt.
2080 BC: First Intermediate Period of Egypt ended. Middle Kingdom began in Ancient Egypt.
2071 BC: Magh Ithe, first recorded battle in Ireland myths.
2070 BC (disputable): Yu the Great set up the Xia Dynasty, which isn't verified by archeological findings, some propose the Erlitou culture.
c. 2064 BC ï¿½ 1986 BC: Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt.
c. 2055 BC: End of First Intermediate Period of Egypt (another date is 2040 BC).
c. 2055 BC: Middle Kingdom began in Ancient Egypt (other date is 2040 BC).
c. 2055 BC: Mentuhotep II from Thebes managed to reunite Ancient Egypt and began to rule (other date is 2040 BC).
c. 2055 BC ï¿½ 1985 BC: Funerary Stele of Amenemhat I was made. Eleventh Dynasty of Egypt. Excavated in 1915ï¿½1916. It is now kept in Egyptian Museum, Cairo. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
c. 2049 BC: Oak trees for Seahenge felled.
c. 2040 BC: End of First Intermediate Period of Egypt. Start of Middle Kingdom. 11thï¿½14th Dynasties.
2040 BC: Beginning of the Xia Dynasty, the first dynasty and government system in China.
2040 BC: Pharaoh Merykare died. End of Tenth dynasty of Egypt. Pharaoh Mentuhotep II started to rule. Start of Eleventh Dynasty.
2034 BC ï¿½ 2004 BC: Urï¿½Amorite wars.
c. 2009 BC ï¿½ 1997 BC: Funerary temple of Mentuhotep III was built. Eleventh Dynasty.
2004 BC: Elamite destruction of Ur.
c. 2004 BC: Pharaoh Mentuhotep II, Eleventh dynasty of Egypt dies.
c. 2000 BC: Aegean Bronze Age ended.
[i ... The third marker is a visible dust layer in the ice cores dating back to about 4,000 years ago. Thompson believes this marks a severe 300-year drought which struck the region. Historical records show that a massive drought rocked the Egyptian empire at the time and threatened the rule of the Pharaohs. Until this time, Thompson said, people had been able to survive in areas that are now just barren Sahara Desert. ... [/i]
I would hazard a guess that these disruptive droughts were not confined only to Egypt and Africa but were most likely at least Europe and Asia wide but may have included the entire Earth.
Post Edited (14-Mar-12 15:27)
|Kilimanjaro ice core records confirm a bit of history||331||Ahatmose||14-Mar-12 15:16|
|Piora Oscillation||386||Absinthujone||14-Mar-12 16:04|
|Re: Kilimanjaro ice core records confirm a bit of history||138||JohnE||15-Mar-12 07:20|
|Re: Kilimanjaro ice core records confirm a bit of history||166||Citizen Attorney||18-Mar-12 00:14|
|Re: Kilimanjaro ice core records confirm a bit of history||131||Vanya||15-Mar-12 10:17|