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3800-3100 B.C. Qustul: The oldest tombs of a pharaonic type are found in Nubia (Kingdom of Qustul), and these thirty-three A-Group tombs appear in Nubia before the dynastic period. Cemetery L at Qustul, which is a small cemetery containing unusually large and wealthy tombs of A-Group. It was in one of these graves, "L-24" coded by the excavators, that the mysterious incense burner came to light. An incense burner with figures and pictographs gouged deep into the clay. This censer had been found, not in Egypt, but nearly 200 miles deep in Nubia.

***The inscription showed three ships sailing in procession. The three ships were sailing toward the royal palace. One of the ships carried a lion - perhaps a deity. The central boat carries the king, sitting and equipped with long robe, flail and White Crown. All motifs that would later become symbols of Pharaonic rule in Egypt. This piece had been made no later than 3400 B.C. At that early date, there were not supposed to have been any such things as pharaohs or pharaohs' palaces. The discovery of the Qustul Incense Burner is considered one of the earliest certifiable uses of incense by a culture. This Qustul burner also rose a debate regarding the Nubian origin of Egyptian civilization. Upon the Incense Burner is a relief of a royal procession considered by many archeologists as evidence of the worlds first monarchy. This debate maintains that Nubian culture often referred to as Ta-seti, developed as early as 7000 B.C. forming the source for Egyptian Pharonic culture, as well as its religious system. However, Egyptologists all agree that the bounty of the lush Nile Valley was instrumental to the luxuriant flowering of Ancient Egypt. The Sahara was not always a desolate wasteland. Some 10,000 years ago, the Sahara received considerably more rain than it does today, permitting a savanna-like vegetation of open grasslands peppered with shrubs and trees, much like the East African plains of today.[end]
Evidence of the Badarians into Pre-historic Egypt (4500-3800 BC)

T Bird


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Subject Views Written By Posted
Migration of the Nile and dating of the Giza complex 1497 iainwentworth 09-Feb-12 20:46
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 2055 Thunderbird 10-Feb-12 19:27
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 564 Ahatmose 10-Feb-12 19:36
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 517 Thunderbird 10-Feb-12 20:26
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 493 David Campbell 23-Feb-12 22:29
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 468 dmatherly 24-Feb-12 16:58
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 375 David Campbell 25-Feb-12 01:04
Re: Joseph R Jochmans/sidebar/ancient 534 Thunderbird 24-Feb-12 19:36
Re: Joseph R Jochmans/sidebar/ancient 434 David Campbell 24-Feb-12 23:09
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 393 LonelyAngel 27-Feb-12 20:14
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 402 Ahatmose 10-Feb-12 19:39
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 384 Ahatmose 10-Feb-12 19:43
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 368 iainwentworth 22-Feb-12 01:03
The Old Nile 448 loveritas 24-Feb-12 07:03
Re: The Old Nile 346 cladking 24-Feb-12 16:01
Re: The Old Nile 440 David Campbell 24-Feb-12 23:24
Re: The Old Nile 433 cladking 25-Feb-12 00:18
Re: The Old Nile 347 loveritas 25-Feb-12 03:26
Re: The Old Nile 467 Thunderbird 25-Feb-12 04:02
Re: The Old Nile 305 dmatherly 25-Feb-12 05:40
Re: The Old Nile 391 Raja 26-Feb-12 22:14
Re: The Old Nile 340 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 04:13
Re: The Old Nile 331 Raja 27-Feb-12 20:43
Re: more temples on terraces 370 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 04:45
Re: The Old Nile 365 Raja 27-Feb-12 21:48
Re: The Old Nile 347 iainwentworth 25-Feb-12 23:08
Re: The Old Nile 347 loveritas 26-Feb-12 03:13
Re: The Old Nile 372 Thunderbird 26-Feb-12 05:07
Re: The Old Nile 429 loveritas 27-Feb-12 00:52
Re: The Old Nile - Scorpion King 321 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 04:03
The 'droop' in his chin 389 Ratcho 27-Feb-12 06:24
Re: The 'droop' in his chin 370 Thunderbird 27-Feb-12 23:45
Planet of Green Reptilians? 423 loveritas 29-Feb-12 06:14
Re: Osiris of the 2 Rivers? 335 Thunderbird 29-Feb-12 16:37
Re: The Old Nile - Scorpion King 391 loveritas 27-Feb-12 06:51
Re: The Old Nile - Scorpion King 413 David Campbell 27-Feb-12 15:34
Re: Malta and migrations to North Africa from Europe 387 Thunderbird 28-Feb-12 00:12
Re: 3800-3100 B.C. Qustul 1826 Thunderbird 28-Feb-12 22:10
Re: 3800-3100 B.C. Qustul 397 Raja 01-Mar-12 20:15
Re: The decline.... 368 Thunderbird 01-Mar-12 21:46
Re: The Old Nile 316 Sidepr 26-Feb-12 06:12
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 364 Sidepr 24-Feb-12 10:31
Re: Migration of the Nile and implications for dating of the Giza pyramids 3112 Thunderbird 24-Feb-12 18:45
Life and Death in Egypt 346 loveritas 25-Feb-12 07:57
Re: Life and Death in Egypt 398 Thunderbird 25-Feb-12 16:59
Re: Life and Death in Egypt 335 loveritas 25-Feb-12 23:37
Re: Life and Death in Egypt 288 Wiracocha 03-Apr-18 12:07


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