> "Close to the north end of the west side of the unfinished
> pyramid of Sekhemkhet at Saqqara, a huge construction ramp was
> partially excavated by Zakaria Ghoneim. It was preserved above
> the first step of the pyramid. Its slightly sloping side face
> was rather crudely made of rough fieldstones. It approached the
> pyramid at a right angle from the quarries in the west and led
> over unfinished masonry directly into the centre of the
> "At the small, unfinished pyramid of the Third Dynasty at Sinki
> four ramps lead from all sides against the inclined faces of
> the pyramid. Each ramp is 12 metres long and has an angle of
> about 12 to 15 degrees..." (Building in Egypt - Dieter Arnold
> I would add to those two the ramp still in situ at Karnak and
> there are others that show that ramps certainly were "in the
There's really no question that whatsoever that ramps and inclined planes are a convenient way to change the level of an object. This has always been true and always will be true in at least some applications.
The question isn't were the Egyptians smart enough to use ramps to move objects the question is how did the Egyptians raise stones to build the great pyramids and the claims stand. There is no evidence they could have been used to buildf the great pyramids and no evidence that they were. If these projects were made with ramps then there should be an extensive cultural record of ramps and instead we have a vacuum. There also shoulsd be extensive and massive physical evidence for ramps and instead there is massive evidence that there were no ramps.