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I originally posted this some time ago elsewhere but the photos might be relevant here. At the time I posted the full article wasn't available online so I included extracts which I've left in this post:



I took with me a copy of "Pyramid Construction, New Evidence Discovered at Giza" by Zahi Hawass. It appeared in "Beitrage zur Kulturgeschichte Agyptens; Rainer Stadelmann" 1998. This is just about the section on ramps.

III. 2. The Discovery of the Ramp.



During the work of relocating the Sound and Light Show cables at Giza, we were able to excavate their route beginning at the Southwest of the Great Pyramid.
Also at this time we started the re-excavation of the cemetery GIS and the restoration of the tombs there.
As was discussed above the only possible side for the erection of the ramp during the reign of Khufu was the South side. The ramp was constructed of limestone chips, gypsum, and a calcareous clay called Tafla. Due to the hardiness of the construction materials what remains of the ramp, after the Egyptians removed it to build the tombs of GIS, should still exist on the South side.

We started to remove sand for the erection of the cables North of the paved road and South of the pyramid. During the work we found a big part of the ramp used to transport the stones from the quarry to the pyramid base. This part of the ramp consisted of two walls built of stone rubble and mixed with Tafla. The area in between was filled with sand and gypsum forming the bulk of the ramp (figs 3-5, pl. 3b,4a).



The length of the West wall is 1.40m, built of a stone rubble and Tafla. The maximum height is 60cm. Mud was used to consolidate the stones.
The Eastern Wall is located about 1.50m to the east of the west wall. The width is 1.45m and it is also built of stone rubble.
On the South side of the paved road, South of Khufu's pyramid, we excavated down about 2.50m and found another part of the ramp. This part is in line with the Eastern and Western wall and is of similar construction. This discovery proves that the ramp led from the quarry to the Southwest corner of the pyramid and was made of stone rubble and Tafla.



The ramp rises to about 30ms above the pyramid's base at its Southwest corner (fig 6). The ramp would have leaned against the pyramid's faces as they rose. Somewhat like accretion layers wrapped around the pyramid with a roadway on top. The weight of this ramp is borne by the ground around the pyramid. Traffic could move along the top of this structure as both pyramid and ramp rose in tandem. The top of the pyramid could be reached with only one and one quarter turns. The slope would rise with each turn from a reasonable 65°, for the first section, to as much as 18° for the last climb to the apex.

And here's the photos which aren't brilliant as I scanned from a photocopy. It doesn't help that the original captions are wrong as G1c has nothing to do with it and the ramps are at the South-West corner not the South-East:






I did my best to replicate the photos but the area has obviously been back filled since the excavation so there's not a lot to see now:





This ramp should not be confused with the one previously described by Lehner which is on the South-Corner. He describes it as:

"East of Khufu's pyramid and south of the queen's pyramids and mastabas in the Eastern Field, archaeologists from Cairo University excavated two parallel walls, formed, like so many other secondary walls at Giza, of small broken stone set in tafla clay. One of the walls is thicker and made of segments 10 cubits (5.25m or 17ft 3in) long. Because the excavators cleared the debris between them, they now describe a corridor, but we suspect that they were retaining walls - the debris fill being the body of the ramp or construction embankment." (The Complete Pyramids p.217)

Here's what that looks like:



Jon

www.egyptarchive.co.uk

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 338 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 12:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 263 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 15:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 236 cladking 05-Feb-10 17:01
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 193 sher 05-Feb-10 17:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 216 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 18:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 261 papalou 05-Feb-10 18:36
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 283 sher 05-Feb-10 19:23
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 275 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 sher 05-Feb-10 21:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 234 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 sher 05-Feb-10 22:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 248 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 sher 05-Feb-10 23:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 260 cladking 05-Feb-10 23:34
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 264 sher 05-Feb-10 23:55
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 papalou 06-Feb-10 02:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 229 cladking 06-Feb-10 02:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 214 sher 06-Feb-10 06:47
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 David L 06-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 212 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 275 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:11
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 196 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 221 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 190 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 196 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Jon B 05-Feb-10 18:40
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 254 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 Jon B 05-Feb-10 19:12
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 219 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 179 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 177 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:21
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 273 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 243 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:58
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 225 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:45
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 235 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 266 Jon B 05-Feb-10 21:28
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 240 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 225 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:32
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Jon B 07-Feb-10 11:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 241 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:39
sigh.... 198 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:15
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:25
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 186 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 265 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:11
trying to get the thread back on topic 243 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:16
Re: trying to get the thread back on topic 232 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:37
ONE MORE TRY...... 238 Warwick 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 229 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:43
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 226 Warwick 07-Feb-10 18:45
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 214 cladking 07-Feb-10 19:00
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 223 Warwick 08-Feb-10 17:30
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 188 cladking 08-Feb-10 21:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 262 Jon B 08-Feb-10 22:17
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 201 cladking 08-Feb-10 22:52
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 209 Jon B 09-Feb-10 08:21
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 266 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 278 Warwick 09-Feb-10 16:05
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 270 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:33
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 214 Warwick 09-Feb-10 17:25
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 199 cladking 09-Feb-10 17:36
I found the external Ramp 220 sher 09-Feb-10 20:32
Re: I found the external Ramp 273 cladking 09-Feb-10 21:01
Re: I found the external Ramp 175 sher 09-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:33
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 217 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:35
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 273 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:13
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 191 Warwick 05-Feb-10 18:59
FTR 240 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 189 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 219 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 219 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 196 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 257 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:03
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 256 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 177 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:42
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 204 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:54
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 222 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:56
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 249 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 176 carolb 05-Feb-10 21:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 235 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 239 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:07
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 193 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 256 michael seabrook 06-Feb-10 00:05
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 259 Elizabeth Newton 06-Feb-10 07:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 232 Scott Creighton 06-Feb-10 12:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 256 Elizabeth Newton 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 179 Rob Miller 07-Feb-10 16:30
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 178 Elizabeth Newton 08-Feb-10 04:01
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 345 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 05:26
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 231 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 12:38
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 268 sher 07-Feb-10 14:09
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 249 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 19:21
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 284 Drewski 07-Feb-10 12:58
Re: Answers.....for the initiated? : ) 292 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 17:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 241 Titus Livius 06-Feb-10 09:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 258 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 18:50
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 240 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 19:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 244 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:51
Some photos 253 Jon B 06-Feb-10 10:53
Re: Some photos 166 sher 06-Feb-10 12:20
Re: Some photos 169 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:46
Uhmmm,... 185 sher 06-Feb-10 12:43
Re: Uhmmm,... 236 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:48
Re: Uhmmm,... 192 sher 06-Feb-10 12:54
Re: Uhmmm,... 201 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:56
Answer this question and win a Cigar 214 sher 06-Feb-10 15:35
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 261 Jon B 06-Feb-10 17:18
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 182 sher 06-Feb-10 20:52
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 256 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:32
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 215 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 18:43
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 259 Warwick 06-Feb-10 19:22
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 227 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 257 cladking 06-Feb-10 23:39
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 190 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 19:16
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 184 sher 06-Feb-10 21:14
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 193 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 207 Audrey 08-Feb-10 03:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 270 Dr. Troglodyte 06-Feb-10 23:58


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