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Hi Carol,

Hawass seems to think he discovered Khufu's ramp but having read what Jon B posted, I am not entirely sure what Hawass discovered. Also, the dimensions quoted seem a little suspect (centimeters?):

Quote

III. 2. The Discovery of the Ramp.

During the work of relocating the Sound and Light Show cables at Giza, we were able to excavate their route beginning at the Southwest of the Great Pyramid.

Also at this time we started the re-excavation of the cemetery GIS and the restoration of the tombs there.

As was discussed above the only possible side for the erection of the ramp during the reign of Khufu was the South side. The ramp was constructed of limestone chips, gypsum, and a calcareous clay called Tafla. Due to the hardiness of the construction materials what remains of the ramp, after the Egyptians removed it to build the tombs of GIS, should still exist on the South side.

We started to remove sand for the erection of the cables North of the paved road and South of the pyramid. During the work we found a big part of the ramp used to transport the stones from the quarry to the pyramid base. This part of the ramp consisted of two walls built of stone rubble and mixed with Tafla. The area in between was filled with sand and gypsum forming the bulk of the ramp.

1. The West Wall:
The length of this wall is 1.40 centimeters, built of a stone rubble and Tafla.

The length is 60 centimeters. Mud was used to consolidate the stones.

2. The Eastern Wall
It is located to the East of the West wall about 1.50 centimeters. The width is 1.45 centimeters and it is also built of stone rubble.

On the South side of the paved road, South of Khufu's pyramid, we excavated down about 2.50 meters and found another part of the ramp. This part is in line with the Eastern and Western wall and is of similar construction. This discovery proves that the ramp led from the quarry to the Southwest comer of the pyramid and was made of stone rubble and Tafla.(see plans 2,3) The ramp rises to about 30 meters above the pyramid's base at its Southwest comer. The ramp would have leaned against the pyramid's faces as they rose. Somewhat like accretion layers wrapped around the pyramid with a roadway on top. The weight of this ramp is borne by the ground around the pyramid. Traffic could move along the top of this structure as both pyramid and ramp rose in tandem. The top of the pyramid could be reached with only one and one quarter turns. The slope would rise with each turn from a reasonable 65 degrees, for the first section, to as much as 18 degrees for the last climb to the apex. 19 - Dr. Z. Hawass

Source.

Regards,

SC


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Subject Views Written By Posted
Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 338 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 12:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 263 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 15:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 237 cladking 05-Feb-10 17:01
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 194 sher 05-Feb-10 17:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 217 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 18:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 261 papalou 05-Feb-10 18:36
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 283 sher 05-Feb-10 19:23
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 276 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 sher 05-Feb-10 21:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 234 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 sher 05-Feb-10 22:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 248 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 sher 05-Feb-10 23:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 260 cladking 05-Feb-10 23:34
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 264 sher 05-Feb-10 23:55
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 275 papalou 06-Feb-10 02:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 230 cladking 06-Feb-10 02:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 215 sher 06-Feb-10 06:47
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 254 David L 06-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 213 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:09
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 276 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:11
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 197 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 222 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 191 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 197 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 270 Jon B 05-Feb-10 18:40
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 255 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 Jon B 05-Feb-10 19:12
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 219 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 180 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:27
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 253 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 19:57
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 177 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 254 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:21
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 244 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:58
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 226 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:45
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 236 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 266 Jon B 05-Feb-10 21:28
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 240 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:20
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 225 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:32
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 269 Jon B 07-Feb-10 11:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 242 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:39
sigh.... 198 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:15
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 234 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:25
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 187 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 265 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:11
trying to get the thread back on topic 243 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:16
Re: trying to get the thread back on topic 233 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:37
ONE MORE TRY...... 239 Warwick 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 230 cladking 07-Feb-10 16:43
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 227 Warwick 07-Feb-10 18:45
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 214 cladking 07-Feb-10 19:00
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 223 Warwick 08-Feb-10 17:30
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 188 cladking 08-Feb-10 21:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 262 Jon B 08-Feb-10 22:17
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 201 cladking 08-Feb-10 22:52
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 209 Jon B 09-Feb-10 08:21
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 266 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:47
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 278 Warwick 09-Feb-10 16:05
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 270 cladking 09-Feb-10 16:33
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 214 Warwick 09-Feb-10 17:25
Re: ONE MORE TRY...... 199 cladking 09-Feb-10 17:36
I found the external Ramp 220 sher 09-Feb-10 20:32
Re: I found the external Ramp 273 cladking 09-Feb-10 21:01
Re: I found the external Ramp 175 sher 09-Feb-10 21:59
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 208 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:33
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 218 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:35
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:13
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 192 Warwick 05-Feb-10 18:59
FTR 241 Warwick 05-Feb-10 19:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 190 cladking 05-Feb-10 20:43
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 220 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 220 Warwick 05-Feb-10 20:22
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 196 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:41
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 257 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:03
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 257 Jon B 05-Feb-10 20:31
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 178 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:42
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 204 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 20:54
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 222 carolb 05-Feb-10 20:56
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 249 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 176 carolb 05-Feb-10 21:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 235 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:04
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 239 cladking 05-Feb-10 21:07
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 193 Scott Creighton 05-Feb-10 21:17
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 274 cladking 05-Feb-10 22:08
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 256 michael seabrook 06-Feb-10 00:05
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 260 Elizabeth Newton 06-Feb-10 07:48
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 233 Scott Creighton 06-Feb-10 12:16
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 257 Elizabeth Newton 07-Feb-10 16:26
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 180 Rob Miller 07-Feb-10 16:30
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 178 Elizabeth Newton 08-Feb-10 04:01
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 346 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 05:26
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 231 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 12:38
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 268 sher 07-Feb-10 14:09
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 249 Titus Livius 07-Feb-10 19:21
Re: Old Kingdom Tyrants? 284 Drewski 07-Feb-10 12:58
Re: Answers.....for the initiated? : ) 293 Thunderbird 07-Feb-10 17:44
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 241 Titus Livius 06-Feb-10 09:37
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 258 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 18:50
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 240 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 19:02
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 245 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:51
Some photos 254 Jon B 06-Feb-10 10:53
Re: Some photos 167 sher 06-Feb-10 12:20
Re: Some photos 170 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:46
Uhmmm,... 186 sher 06-Feb-10 12:43
Re: Uhmmm,... 237 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:48
Re: Uhmmm,... 193 sher 06-Feb-10 12:54
Re: Uhmmm,... 202 Jon B 06-Feb-10 12:56
Answer this question and win a Cigar 214 sher 06-Feb-10 15:35
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 261 Jon B 06-Feb-10 17:18
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 183 sher 06-Feb-10 20:52
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 256 Warwick 06-Feb-10 18:32
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 215 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 18:43
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 259 Warwick 06-Feb-10 19:22
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 228 Susan Doris 06-Feb-10 20:51
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 258 cladking 06-Feb-10 23:39
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 190 Archae Solenhofen 06-Feb-10 19:16
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 185 sher 06-Feb-10 21:14
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 194 cladking 06-Feb-10 22:57
Re: Answer this question and win a Cigar 207 Audrey 08-Feb-10 03:00
Re: Little Room For Khufu's Ramp.... 270 Dr. Troglodyte 06-Feb-10 23:58


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