> here it comes a link from Brazil that says
> that egyptians had strong commerce.
>a link from Brazil that says that egyptians had strong commerce.
The paper that you sent relies heavily on the arguments of researchers who believe that the civilization of ancient Egypt owed much to other parts of Africa. However, it does not mention the fact that many other academics do not believe that there is always enough evidence to support such arguments.
For instance, the author mentions that the Dogon people of Mali supposedly knew about the existence of a star, Sirius B, invisible to the naked eye (indeed, photographs of this very faint star did not become available until the later 20th century):
> Nesse campo do conhecimento é interessante citar as contribuições dos antigos
africanos da nação Dogon, situados na região do antigo Mali. Eles já tinham conhecimento
da existência do “pequenino satélite da estrela Sirius, o Sirius B, invisível a olho nu.
The author explains that the Dogon told two French anthropologists, Griaule and Dieterlen, about their traditional knowledge:
>Amplamente documentado, porém, pelos antropólogos franceses Marcel Griaule e
Germaine Dieterlen e outros, o conhecimento dos Dogon efetivamente ultrapassa em muito
aquilo que, de acordo com os cânones da ciência ocidental eurocentrista, essa “ tribo primitiva”
poderia saber” (NASCIMENTO, 1994, p.27).
However, the author doesn’t mention that the methods used by the two researchers have since been questioned; it has since been suggested, for instance, that there were reasons why they might have misunderstood what the Dogon were telling them. For instance, the concept of twins – gêmeos – forms an important part of Dogon culture. It may therefore be this cultural concept, rather than any ancient knowledge or unexplained ability to see Sirius B, that explains the Dogon’s apparent insistence on Sirius having a twin.