> The Book of Two Ways, considered as part of the
> larger cannon of Coffin Texts, is dated to the
> Middle Kingdom and is a precursor to the later
> Book of the Dead. It is an illustrated road map
> and plan for the deceased to navigate the
> underworld so that they might successfully reach
> Rostau-the realm of Osiris. The oldest example of
> the Book yet found was discovered in 2012 with the
> results recently published, likely dating to the
> reign of Mentuhotep II c.2061-2010 BC-the first
> pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom and responsible for
> the reunification of Egypt.
> /0307513319856848?journalCode=egaa]A Fragment of
> an Early Book of Two Ways on the Coffin of Ankh
> from Dayr al-Barshā (B4B)[/url]
> Another MK example of the Book of Two Ways:
> Dating to c.1900BC, it is from the physician's
> coffin of the nomarch Djehutihotep-owner of the
> famed tomb relief:
> As an aside, Mentuhotep II was an interesting
> character which of note is his mortuary temple-a
> clear and unusual departure in many ways to what
> came before. Abandoning the burial sites of his
> predecessors, he built his mortuary temple on the
> west bank of Thebes (Deir el Bahri) which became
> the inspiration and location of NK royal burial
> sites centuries later. The mortuary temple is
> right next to the famed Temple of Hatshepsut:
> (Note the large [b]ramp[/b] leading to the temple)
The Coffin Texts have long been known to date to as early as 2200 BC. Indeed a few of the so called spells in the CT are identical to some of the "incantation" in the Pyramid Texts so nothing here is in any way new though the fragments are interesting. The PT are believed to date back even before the invention of writing in 3200 BC so would have been well known to the great pyramid builders especially if you are correct in your assumptions that the Great Pyramid is a tomb and was built by highly superstitious people.
You are obviously correct that the "book of the dead" is strictly religion and magic written by a moribund culture because there is amp0le writing to support such a notion. But there is nothing except "incantation" and "magic" to support the idea that the pyramid builders were identical or shared similar beliefs. Until such time as any of this writing is understood it follows that we don't really know what any of it means and can only say the writing resembles the writing of later people. There is no agreement among Egyptologists about the meaning or origin of a single "incantation" or any other writing of any sort of the era of great pyramid building. Even the Sumerian writing is very much open to interpretation.
You are simply presenting a perspective as reality despite the lack of any scientific underpinning.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04-Jan-20 19:39 by cladking.