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The Book of Two Ways, considered as part of the larger cannon of Coffin Texts, is dated to the Middle Kingdom and is a precursor to the later Book of the Dead. It is an illustrated road map and plan for the deceased to navigate the underworld so that they might successfully reach Rostau-the realm of Osiris. The oldest example of the Book yet found was discovered in 2012 with the results recently published, likely dating to the reign of Mentuhotep II c.2061-2010 BC-the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom and responsible for the reunification of Egypt.

A Fragment of an Early Book of Two Ways on the Coffin of Ankh from Dayr al-Barshā (B4B)

Another MK example of the Book of Two Ways:

LARGE

Dating to c.1900BC, it is from the physician's coffin of the nomarch Djehutihotep-owner of the famed tomb relief:


As an aside, Mentuhotep II was an interesting character which of note is his mortuary temple-a clear and unusual departure in many ways to what came before. Abandoning the burial sites of his predecessors, he built his mortuary temple on the west bank of Thebes (Deir el Bahri) which became the inspiration and location of NK royal burial sites centuries later. The mortuary temple is right next to the famed Temple of Hatshepsut:


(Note the large ramp leading to the temple)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 619 Thanos5150 04-Jan-20 17:22
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 124 cladking 04-Jan-20 19:37
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 86 thinkitover 04-Jan-20 23:49
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 76 Thanos5150 05-Jan-20 00:46
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 94 cladking 05-Jan-20 02:39
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 60 Warwick 06-Jan-20 20:55
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 58 Warwick 06-Jan-20 21:16
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 48 cladking 06-Jan-20 22:45
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 44 Warwick 07-Jan-20 18:30
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 39 cladking 07-Jan-20 20:10
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 59 cladking 06-Jan-20 22:49
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 38 Warwick 07-Jan-20 18:24
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 50 cladking 07-Jan-20 20:33
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 44 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 18:37
Snap! :) 41 Warwick 08-Jan-20 18:47
Re: Snap! :) 39 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 19:02
Re: Snap! :) 36 Warwick 08-Jan-20 19:14
Re: Snap! :) 46 cladking 08-Jan-20 19:56
Re: Snap! :) 32 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 20:23
Re: Snap! :) 31 cladking 08-Jan-20 21:38
Re: Snap! :) 33 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 23:06
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 31 cladking 08-Jan-20 19:50
Stop avoiding the questions Cladking 44 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 20:37
Oops made a mistake on the number of words for English 25 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 23:24
Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 34 thinkitover 15-Jan-20 06:12
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 30 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 07:00
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 26 cladking 15-Jan-20 14:38
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 29 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 16:25
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 29 cladking 15-Jan-20 17:38
...and Cladking runs off 23 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 17:52
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 36 Corpuscles 16-Jan-20 08:03
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 58 cladking 16-Jan-20 14:27
Get Comfortable. 43 cladking 16-Jan-20 14:50
It's simple all right 30 Warwick 16-Jan-20 20:32
Hieroglyphs have never been translated but I make my own translations from those same fake translations?????? 25 Hanslune 16-Jan-20 21:56
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 20 Hanslune 16-Jan-20 21:54
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 22 Warwick 16-Jan-20 20:27
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 20 Hanslune 16-Jan-20 22:01
Re: Would You Like to Borrow A Comfy Chair and a Soft Cushion? 32 cladking 15-Jan-20 17:56
making up dates 28 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 18:15
Re: making up dates 27 cladking 15-Jan-20 18:52
Re: making up dates 29 Warwick 15-Jan-20 19:05
Re: making up dates 24 cladking 15-Jan-20 19:22
Re: making up dates 24 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 19:25
Re: making up dates 23 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 19:22
How to demonstrate that your ideas are based on stuff you made up - by Cladking 21 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 19:20
So ancient goofy language is all the same? 19 Hanslune 16-Jan-20 22:05
What Purpose Does Myth Serve? 30 thinkitover 09-Jan-20 01:33
Re: What Purpose Does Myth Serve? 30 cladking 09-Jan-20 02:07
Re: What Purpose Does Myth Serve? 32 cladking 09-Jan-20 02:16
Re: What Purpose Does Myth Serve? 25 Warwick 09-Jan-20 19:46
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 36 Warwick 08-Jan-20 18:45
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 33 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 19:09
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 33 cladking 08-Jan-20 20:14
Cladking avoiding the questions that destroys his assumptions 35 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 20:27
so, not just Egyptologists but, 36 Warwick 14-Jan-20 19:23
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 25 cladking 14-Jan-20 20:26
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 26 Warwick 14-Jan-20 20:32
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 36 cladking 14-Jan-20 21:02
Projection 26 Warwick 15-Jan-20 18:17
Re: Projection 21 Hanslune 16-Jan-20 21:51
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 26 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 05:52
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 25 cladking 15-Jan-20 14:49
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 24 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 16:33
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 21 cladking 15-Jan-20 17:17
No Gods means belief 22 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 17:59
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 24 Warwick 15-Jan-20 18:34
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 34 cladking 15-Jan-20 19:36
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 29 Warwick 15-Jan-20 19:57
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 41 Hanslune 16-Jan-20 22:07
It's a common fault 28 Warwick 18-Jan-20 21:01
Re: It's a common fault 39 Hanslune 19-Jan-20 00:12
Re: It's a common fault 31 cladking 20-Jan-20 03:14
Re: It's a common fault 24 Hanslune 20-Jan-20 03:42
Re: It's a common fault 40 Corpuscles 20-Jan-20 03:59
Re: It's a common fault 21 Sirfiroth 20-Jan-20 17:01
Re: It's a common fault 24 Hanslune 20-Jan-20 17:37
Re: It's a common fault 16 Warwick 20-Jan-20 17:21
Re: It's a common fault 21 Hanslune 20-Jan-20 17:30
Re: so, not just Egyptologists but, 24 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 05:55
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 28 cladking 08-Jan-20 22:04
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 28 cladking 08-Jan-20 20:10
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 27 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 20:25
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 33 cladking 08-Jan-20 21:44
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 30 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 23:01
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 48 cladking 08-Jan-20 23:22
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 36 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 23:26
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 31 Warwick 09-Jan-20 19:48
Are you kidding us or what? 40 Warwick 09-Jan-20 19:50
Re: Are you kidding us or what? 36 cladking 09-Jan-20 20:26
We know who we are talking too 45 Hanslune 09-Jan-20 20:42
Re: Are you kidding us or what? 32 Hanslune 09-Jan-20 20:36
sorry for the delay 34 Warwick 14-Jan-20 19:16
Re: sorry for the delay 42 cladking 14-Jan-20 21:11
Sorry you are off topic 30 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 06:02
Re: sorry for the delay 26 Warwick 15-Jan-20 18:28
Re: sorry for the delay 23 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 19:24
Re: sorry for the delay 27 Hanslune 15-Jan-20 05:59
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 41 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 19:06
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 54 cladking 08-Jan-20 20:16
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 46 Hanslune 08-Jan-20 20:24
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 58 Corpuscles 09-Jan-20 03:29
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 73 Thanos5150 09-Jan-20 04:26
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 67 seasmith 09-Jan-20 05:43
Re: The Book of Two Ways-Coffin Texts Older Than Believed 42 Warwick 20-Jan-20 19:22


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