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So is that a YOUR confirmation that the zig zag construction at say (eg Sacsayhuaman) is just and accident of nature?

Don't remember ever saying anything about the walls being an accident of nature. As far as I know, nature doesn't have accidents. How could it?

So you are fine with wall construction out of random loose fitting stones (no accident of nature there), but you split your sides at the idea of constructing walls out of natural limestone which has precipitated out into a type of close-fitting conglomerate.

The limestone in the walls is a form of tufa bordering on travertine and which is 3.5 to 4.0 on the Moh's scale.

Here's a little excerpt from the building of Canterbury Cathedral.

The use of tufa as a building stone can be traced back to the ancient Greeks who called the stone poros because of its porous nature.

Tufa is formed by the re-deposition of calcium carbonate from ground waters. Rain falling on the North Downs, or on outcrops of the Greensand Ridge, has slowly percolated through the chalk or calcareous sandstone respectively, dissolving carbonate on its way. When the waters re-emerge at the spring-line, they are often saturated with carbonates ready to be precipitated out of solution (much like the process that forms stalactites and stalagmites).

The spring location is rich in vegetation and the carbonate is precipitated around the mud and organic matter. Once the vegetation has decayed and the tufa has been left to ‘dry out’ it becomes literally as hard as stone.

The stone is very porous and its colour will depend on the nature and concentration of impurities in the precipitate but is commonly grey-brown after weathering.

In its wet state the rock is extremely easy to carve and shape and has the distinct advantage of hardness and durability once it has ‘dried out’.

Tufa deposits were once widespread in Kent but were quickly seized upon by the Norman builders because of their availability and utility.

Similar tufaceous deposits were known from Northern France and it has been suggested that some of this stone in the cathedral may have been brought over from the continent. Tufa in a building wall is often seen as an indication of Norman masonry (unless re-used). By the end of the Norman period tufa reserves, it is thought, were all but exhausted in Kent.

Much of the tufa used in Canterbury Cathedral may have come from the terraces of the River Stour and therefore derived from the chalk spring waters. The numerous large holes give tufa a characteristic lightness in weight, which make it an ideal building stone where weight restrictions were a consideration.

It is rarely an attractive stone as the irregular blocks tend to be roughly cut. It has therefore often provided an essential, but hidden, function in reducing the weight of the stone fabric."


The blocks in the Wall have been slightly trimmed and positioned.

Some of those at the Water Temple where the spring water still splashes over them may still be in the process of lithification. Take the water away and the process stops.

No magic, no ancient technology, no geopolymer, no mystery. Just the technology of that time in history.

The previous image is sandstone, not volcanic tuff. You may not believe it to be, but so what? Tufa can also precipitate out in a similar manner. I could show you images of the process but I've gathered that you don't like "pretty pictures."

Anyway, thanks for the insults.

Way to go.

Get back to me when you've proven that Sacsayhuaman is a geopolymer construction.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 09-Jan-20 04:09 by Barbelo.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 1478 Corpuscles 21-Dec-19 17:24
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 193 Open mind 22-Dec-19 02:28
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 152 Hanslune 22-Dec-19 05:58
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 133 Corpuscles 22-Dec-19 21:06
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 91 thinkitover 23-Dec-19 10:05
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 155 ocka 22-Dec-19 09:32
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 124 Hanslune 22-Dec-19 18:01
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 122 Thanos5150 23-Dec-19 16:53
Re: Tiahuanaco architect named 89 molder 23-Dec-19 22:16
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 90 Hanslune 23-Dec-19 23:44
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 87 Thanos5150 24-Dec-19 16:47
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 73 Hanslune 25-Dec-19 01:32
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 112 Thanos5150 25-Dec-19 02:43
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 79 Hanslune 27-Dec-19 23:09
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 74 Thanos5150 28-Dec-19 17:22
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 87 Corpuscles 29-Dec-19 06:33
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 75 Merrell 29-Dec-19 14:38
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 73 Corpuscles 29-Dec-19 20:31
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 71 Merrell 29-Dec-19 23:54
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 59 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 00:03
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 57 Merrell 01-Jan-20 10:45
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 47 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 18:32
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 65 Open mind 31-Dec-19 19:33
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 51 Merrell 31-Dec-19 23:06
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 62 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 00:29
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 54 Open mind 01-Jan-20 03:02
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 88 Thanos5150 01-Jan-20 04:08
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 61 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 05:51
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 76 Thanos5150 01-Jan-20 06:59
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 70 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 19:40
Basalt Pavers 64 Barbelo 01-Jan-20 21:33
Re: Basalt Pavers 58 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 23:01
Re: Basalt Pavers 52 Barbelo 02-Jan-20 03:36
Re: Basalt Pavers 64 Corpuscles 02-Jan-20 05:42
Re: Basalt Pavers 56 Barbelo 02-Jan-20 06:41
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 69 Thanos5150 02-Jan-20 02:17
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 72 Corpuscles 02-Jan-20 05:03
Basalt Pillar 72 Barbelo 02-Jan-20 07:15
Re: Basalt Pillar 59 Open mind 02-Jan-20 15:43
Re: Basalt Pillar 63 Corpuscles 02-Jan-20 19:06
Re: Basalt Pillar 60 Barbelo 02-Jan-20 21:13
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 74 Thanos5150 02-Jan-20 18:08
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 77 Merrell 02-Jan-20 18:58
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 118 Martin Stower 03-Jan-20 11:15
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 68 Corpuscles 03-Jan-20 20:29
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 59 Merrell 03-Jan-20 21:45
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 64 Corpuscles 03-Jan-20 23:23
Sacsayhuaman 73 Barbelo 04-Jan-20 02:22
Re: Sacsayhuaman 70 Corpuscles 04-Jan-20 03:23
Re: Sacsayhuaman 67 Thanos5150 04-Jan-20 03:28
Re: Sacsayhuaman 61 Corpuscles 04-Jan-20 05:58
Re: Sacsayhuaman 110 Barbelo 04-Jan-20 11:16
Re: Sacsayhuaman 60 Thanos5150 05-Jan-20 15:58
Re: Sacsayhuaman 63 Barbelo 05-Jan-20 20:22
Re: Sacsayhuaman 52 Thanos5150 05-Jan-20 23:55
Re: Sacsayhuaman 54 Corpuscles 05-Jan-20 21:41
Re: Sacsayhuaman 57 Barbelo 05-Jan-20 23:40
Re: Sacsayhuaman 58 Thanos5150 05-Jan-20 23:59
Re: Sacsayhuaman 48 Open mind 06-Jan-20 01:08
Re: Sacsayhuaman 50 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 02:29
Re: Sacsayhuaman 57 Barbelo 06-Jan-20 03:50
Re: Sacsayhuaman 54 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 04:29
Re: Sacsayhuaman 61 Thanos5150 06-Jan-20 05:10
Re: Sacsayhuaman 59 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 05:47
Re: Sacsayhuaman 64 Thanos5150 06-Jan-20 16:53
Re: Sacsayhuaman 48 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 19:06
The Limestone Puddle 50 Barbelo 06-Jan-20 21:27
Re: Sacsayhuaman 55 Thanos5150 06-Jan-20 21:44
Re: Sacsayhuaman 53 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 22:28
Re: Sacsayhuaman 62 Thanos5150 07-Jan-20 17:01
Re: Sacsayhuaman 48 Corpuscles 07-Jan-20 21:48
Re: Sacsayhuaman 46 Open mind 06-Jan-20 21:07
Re: Sacsayhuaman 54 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 21:30
Re: Sacsayhuaman 42 Open mind 07-Jan-20 20:43
Re: Sacsayhuaman 46 Open mind 06-Jan-20 13:44
Re: Sacsayhuaman 52 Barbelo 06-Jan-20 11:07
Re: Sacsayhuaman 50 Corpuscles 06-Jan-20 05:16
Re: Sacsayhuaman 53 Barbelo 06-Jan-20 10:36
Re: Sacsayhuaman 53 seasmith 06-Jan-20 14:28
Re: Sacsayhuaman 50 Barbelo 06-Jan-20 20:46
Re: Sacsayhuaman 48 Open mind 06-Jan-20 16:41
Re: Sacsayhuaman 49 Barbelo 06-Jan-20 21:12
Re: Sacsayhuaman 50 Open mind 07-Jan-20 15:05
Re: Sacsayhuaman 55 Corpuscles 07-Jan-20 21:25
Nonsensical or Unnecessary? 48 Barbelo 07-Jan-20 23:51
Re: Nonsensical or Unnecessary? 58 Corpuscles 08-Jan-20 01:23
Re: Sacsayhuaman 48 Open mind 08-Jan-20 00:36
Re: Sacsayhuaman 49 Corpuscles 08-Jan-20 00:58
Re: Sacsayhuaman 50 Barbelo 08-Jan-20 01:12
Re: Sacsayhuaman 45 Open mind 08-Jan-20 02:06
Re: Sacsayhuaman 52 Barbelo 08-Jan-20 03:20
Re: Sacsayhuaman 66 Corpuscles 08-Jan-20 07:05
Re: Sacsayhuaman 47 Barbelo 08-Jan-20 12:01
Re: Sacsayhuaman 43 Open mind 08-Jan-20 16:42
Re: Sacsayhuaman 49 Corpuscles 08-Jan-20 18:24
Re: Sacsayhuaman 40 Open mind 08-Jan-20 20:23
Re: Sacsayhuaman 48 Corpuscles 08-Jan-20 21:44
LImestone vs Limestone 43 Barbelo 08-Jan-20 22:40
Re: LImestone vs Limestone 56 Corpuscles 08-Jan-20 23:47
Re: LImestone vs Limestone 51 Barbelo 09-Jan-20 01:57
Re: LImestone vs Limestone 58 Corpuscles 09-Jan-20 03:09
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 58 Barbelo 09-Jan-20 04:07
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 44 Open mind 09-Jan-20 16:06
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 46 Barbelo 09-Jan-20 20:49
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 43 Open mind 09-Jan-20 20:58
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 60 Barbelo 09-Jan-20 21:20
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 43 Open mind 10-Jan-20 15:12
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 51 Corpuscles 09-Jan-20 17:15
Re: LImestone vs Limestone 45 Open mind 09-Jan-20 15:25
Re:Sacsayhuaman 40 Corpuscles 10-Jan-20 07:00
Re: Re:Sacsayhuaman 38 Open mind 10-Jan-20 13:15
Re: Re:Sacsayhuaman 61 Corpuscles 10-Jan-20 14:34
Re: Re:Sacsayhuaman 39 Open mind 10-Jan-20 15:47
Re: Re:Sacsayhuaman 45 Open mind 10-Jan-20 15:58
Re: Re:Sacsayhuaman 47 Corpuscles 10-Jan-20 21:07
Re: Re:Sacsayhuaman 40 Corpuscles 10-Jan-20 21:00
Re: LImestone vs Limestone 63 Thanos5150 09-Jan-20 01:44
Tombomachay 53 Corpuscles 10-Jan-20 06:25
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 52 Barbelo 10-Jan-20 07:30
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 88 Corpuscles 10-Jan-20 11:41
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 60 Barbelo 11-Jan-20 05:25
Re: Limestone vs Limestone 52 Corpuscles 12-Jan-20 01:24
Now All You Have To Do Is Prove It 54 Barbelo 12-Jan-20 12:11
Re: Now All You Have To Do Is Prove It 58 Corpuscles 12-Jan-20 20:56
Re: Now All You Have To Do Is Prove It 64 Open mind 13-Jan-20 16:19
Re: Sacsayhuaman 43 Open mind 08-Jan-20 23:22
Re: Sacsayhuaman 47 Open mind 08-Jan-20 14:23
Re: Sacsayhuaman 40 Merrell 08-Jan-20 17:57
On the fence... 51 Racho 08-Jan-20 04:51
Re: On the fence... 45 Open mind 08-Jan-20 15:24
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 63 Merrell 04-Jan-20 09:04
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 62 Corpuscles 05-Jan-20 09:22
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 62 Martin Stower 03-Jan-20 23:28
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 56 Corpuscles 04-Jan-20 00:34
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 41 Open mind 05-Jan-20 16:19
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 54 Open mind 02-Jan-20 03:37
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 61 Merrell 01-Jan-20 14:10
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 57 Corpuscles 01-Jan-20 18:41
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 95 Corpuscles 22-Dec-19 21:13
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 85 Corpuscles 22-Dec-19 21:30
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 79 Open mind 22-Dec-19 22:12
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 73 WVK 23-Dec-19 15:21
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 70 Corpuscles 23-Dec-19 21:22
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 64 Open mind 23-Dec-19 23:22
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 89 Hanslune 22-Dec-19 22:58
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 83 seasmith 23-Dec-19 03:04
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 78 Hanslune 23-Dec-19 07:20
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 79 Corpuscles 23-Dec-19 09:43
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 69 Hanslune 23-Dec-19 23:28
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 89 Thanos5150 24-Dec-19 16:53
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 83 Hanslune 24-Dec-19 22:35
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 140 Thanos5150 23-Dec-19 19:29
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 146 Corpuscles 23-Dec-19 21:19
Re: Tiwanaku / Pumapunku Megaliths are Artificial Geopolymers 111 Enigcom 02-Jan-20 17:29


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