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One possible criticism of my paper is the assumption that the Egyptians of the Hyksos period when the Westcar Papyrus is thought to have been written in its heiratic script had developed writing for some time.

The following article provides insight into the literacy of ancient Egypt throughout different eras.

[www.ucl.ac.uk]

From the data within, it appears that literacy of the overall population is expected to be between 5% to 15% of the population. Therefore 85% to 95% are not literate and likely rely upon the methods of orality to maintain and transmit their knowledge.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 4484 engbren 25-Jul-19 13:03
Re: Unlocking the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 356 cladking 25-Jul-19 14:04
Re: Unlocking the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 255 engbren 28-Jul-19 08:05
Re: Unlocking the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 223 engbren 26-Jul-19 15:04
Re: Unlocking the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 210 engbren 01-Aug-19 13:52
Re: Unlocking the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 203 engbren 02-Aug-19 06:37
Re: Unlocking the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 237 engbren 28-Jul-19 12:28
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 251 GramPong 02-Aug-19 14:33
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 228 engbren 03-Aug-19 05:33
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 206 GramPong 03-Aug-19 13:41
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 198 engbren 04-Aug-19 04:41
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 210 GramPong 04-Aug-19 12:30
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 208 engbren 04-Aug-19 23:01
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 200 GramPong 05-Aug-19 07:49
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 249 engbren 05-Aug-19 10:15
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 215 engbren 07-Aug-19 13:16
Unlocking the punch-line 278 hendrik dirker 10-Aug-19 08:59
Re: Unlocking the punch-line 239 engbren 10-Aug-19 09:35
Re: Unlocking the punch-line 184 engbren 11-Aug-19 23:00
Re: Unlocking the punch-line 215 hendrik dirker 12-Aug-19 14:23
Re: Unlocking the punch-line 191 engbren 12-Aug-19 22:40
The plot & motive 208 hendrik dirker 13-Aug-19 10:56
Re: The plot & motive 187 engbren 13-Aug-19 12:10
Re: The plot & motive 216 hendrik dirker 13-Aug-19 14:04
Re: The plot & motive 189 engbren 13-Aug-19 23:04
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus story of the Wonder of Djadjaemankh 190 engbren 12-Aug-19 13:17
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 200 engbren 15-Aug-19 12:20
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 204 engbren 19-Aug-19 11:50
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 197 engbren 22-Aug-19 09:18
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 204 Spiros 23-Aug-19 14:56
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 177 engbren 23-Aug-19 23:41
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 186 Spiros 24-Aug-19 06:16
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 201 engbren 24-Aug-19 10:52
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 192 Spiros 26-Aug-19 09:28
Egyptian seasons in the Phaistos disk 190 Spiros 26-Aug-19 09:55
Is Sopdet Involved? 158 engbren 13-Sep-19 11:45
Re: Is Sopdet Involved? 158 Spiros 13-Sep-19 13:47
Re: Is Sopdet Involved? 181 engbren 13-Sep-19 23:54
Re: Is Sopdet Involved? 154 Spiros 15-Sep-19 06:54
Re: Is Sopdet Involved? 160 engbren 16-Sep-19 12:16
Re: Is Sopdet Involved? 136 Glass Jigsaw 28-Sep-19 17:54
Re: Is Sopdet Involved? 157 engbren 29-Sep-19 09:08
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 208 engbren 27-Aug-19 08:07
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 181 Spiros 29-Aug-19 05:56
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 185 engbren 29-Aug-19 08:46
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 161 Spiros 07-Sep-19 04:07
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 153 engbren 08-Sep-19 02:32
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 140 Spiros 08-Sep-19 14:18
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 174 engbren 28-Aug-19 13:57
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 184 engbren 30-Aug-19 13:06
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 175 engbren 31-Aug-19 12:35
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 204 Spiros 31-Aug-19 19:21
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 162 engbren 04-Sep-19 13:49
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 151 Spiros 07-Sep-19 04:36
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 156 engbren 07-Sep-19 11:35
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 148 Spiros 08-Sep-19 14:50
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 129 engbren 27-Oct-19 12:21
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 136 Spiros 29-Oct-19 13:20
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 142 engbren 29-Oct-19 19:21
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 119 Spiros 30-Oct-19 18:22
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 116 engbren 30-Oct-19 19:29
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 138 Spiros 30-Oct-19 19:59
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 136 Glass Jigsaw 30-Oct-19 13:00
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 132 Spiros 31-Oct-19 15:19
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 129 Glass Jigsaw 31-Oct-19 16:16
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 159 drew 05-Sep-19 04:06
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 158 Spiros 05-Sep-19 06:31
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 166 engbren 05-Sep-19 09:26
Re: 1/14 of Osiris 156 drew 06-Sep-19 00:11
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 148 Spiros 07-Sep-19 05:03
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 146 engbren 06-Sep-19 00:44
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 157 drew 06-Sep-19 01:47
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 154 engbren 06-Sep-19 07:45
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 164 drew 06-Sep-19 08:14
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 157 engbren 06-Sep-19 08:39
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 167 engbren 06-Sep-19 09:02
The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 205 engbren 09-Sep-19 12:21
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 172 Spiros 09-Sep-19 15:40
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 182 Glass Jigsaw 09-Sep-19 20:13
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 177 engbren 10-Sep-19 05:52
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 153 Glass Jigsaw 10-Sep-19 10:54
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 150 engbren 11-Sep-19 13:14
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 172 Glass Jigsaw 11-Sep-19 14:37
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 160 drew 13-Sep-19 04:04
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 157 engbren 13-Sep-19 09:24
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 158 drew 13-Sep-19 10:46
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 155 Glass Jigsaw 13-Sep-19 11:21
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 150 drew 13-Sep-19 11:52
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 158 Glass Jigsaw 13-Sep-19 12:09
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 152 engbren 22-Sep-19 12:32
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 152 cladking 22-Sep-19 13:15
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 188 Glass Jigsaw 22-Sep-19 14:02
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 161 engbren 23-Sep-19 00:42
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 158 Spiros 23-Sep-19 02:54
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 152 Glass Jigsaw 23-Sep-19 10:43
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 137 Spiros 23-Sep-19 13:20
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 153 Glass Jigsaw 23-Sep-19 13:58
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 137 Spiros 23-Sep-19 17:30
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 155 Glass Jigsaw 23-Sep-19 23:51
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 134 Spiros 24-Sep-19 17:41
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 146 Glass Jigsaw 24-Sep-19 22:26
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 146 Spiros 25-Sep-19 13:39
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 166 Glass Jigsaw 25-Sep-19 15:15
The Age of Pisces 237 hendrik dirker 28-Sep-19 08:36
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 161 drew 25-Sep-19 00:49
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 151 Glass Jigsaw 25-Sep-19 11:34
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 140 Glass Jigsaw 25-Sep-19 12:29
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 139 engbren 22-Oct-19 11:07
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 151 Glass Jigsaw 22-Oct-19 14:18
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 126 engbren 25-Oct-19 11:06
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 121 drew 23-Oct-19 23:51
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 122 Glass Jigsaw 24-Oct-19 00:20
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 137 engbren 25-Oct-19 05:57
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 122 engbren 28-Oct-19 20:48
Re: The Age of Pisces or Aquarius? 120 Glass Jigsaw 28-Oct-19 23:23
Astrological signs with human and creature idioms.... 127 Itatw70s 02-Nov-19 00:15
Re: Astrological signs with human and creature idioms.... 146 Glass Jigsaw 02-Nov-19 01:35
Re: Astrological signs with human and creature idioms.... 135 Itatw70s 02-Nov-19 13:45
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 195 Glass Jigsaw 07-Sep-19 12:03
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 211 cladking 07-Sep-19 14:07
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 122 Itatw70s 02-Nov-19 14:20
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 130 Glass Jigsaw 02-Nov-19 14:56
Khnum Khufu 172 engbren 08-Sep-19 13:11
Re: Khnum Khufu 160 Spiros 08-Sep-19 14:46
Trimming away unnecessary observations... 192 drew 09-Sep-19 00:30
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 173 drew 11-Sep-19 03:31
The moon and number 41 188 engbren 11-Sep-19 13:19
Re: The moon and number 41 138 thinkitover 23-Oct-19 05:48
Re: The moon and number 41 127 Glass Jigsaw 23-Oct-19 16:18
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 130 engbren 24-Oct-19 09:51
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 127 Glass Jigsaw 24-Oct-19 11:32
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 153 engbren 25-Oct-19 03:27
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 147 gulsbo 25-Oct-19 19:43
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 147 engbren 29-Oct-19 08:55
Some Random Ideas... 142 thinkitover 01-Nov-19 00:19
Re: Some Random Ideas... 120 engbren 03-Nov-19 21:47
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 143 engbren 04-Nov-19 12:26
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 134 engbren 16-Nov-19 12:02
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 106 Glass Jigsaw 27-Nov-19 00:59
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 113 Sirfiroth 27-Nov-19 04:47
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 117 magisterchessmutt 27-Nov-19 05:45
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 116 Sirfiroth 27-Nov-19 17:34
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 100 magisterchessmutt 28-Nov-19 00:38
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 102 Sirfiroth 28-Nov-19 01:29
Deleted n/t 100 cladking 27-Nov-19 12:33
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 126 engbren 02-Dec-19 12:09
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 109 Thanos5150 06-Dec-19 15:52
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 100 engbren 07-Dec-19 09:22
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 95 Spiros 07-Dec-19 21:54
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 93 engbren 12-Dec-19 11:36
Diameter of Alhena vs Coffer volume sphere theory 77 engbren 17-Dec-19 09:51
Re: Diameter of Alhena vs Coffer volume sphere theory 72 engbren 19-Dec-19 20:23
Re: Diameter of Alhena vs Coffer volume sphere theory 73 Glass Jigsaw 20-Dec-19 03:14
Re: Diameter of Alhena vs Coffer volume sphere theory 79 Spiros 23-Dec-19 22:27
Re: Diameter of Alhena vs Coffer volume sphere theory 50 engbren 29-Dec-19 04:58
Re: Diameter of Alhena vs Coffer volume sphere theory 39 engbren 08-Jan-20 20:01
In the Northern Skies 58 engbren 30-Dec-19 02:26
Re: In the Northern Skies 58 engbren 30-Dec-19 10:39
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 54 engbren 09-Jan-20 12:46
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 66 engbren 10-Jan-20 13:30
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 52 Spiros 12-Jan-20 19:32
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 65 Thanos5150 13-Jan-20 00:03
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 46 Spiros 15-Jan-20 13:32
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 59 engbren 15-Jan-20 11:08
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 61 Spiros 15-Jan-20 19:16
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 63 engbren 17-Jan-20 09:34
On the identity of the Children 68 engbren 19-Jan-20 08:15
Re: On the identity of the Children 42 Glass Jigsaw 19-Jan-20 20:21
Speculation on the offerings 54 engbren 21-Jan-20 12:26
Re: Speculation on the offerings 50 Glass Jigsaw 21-Jan-20 13:04
Not enough here to connect a date! Massive Speculation 62 Sirhope 22-Jan-20 02:14
Re: Not enough here to connect a date! Massive Speculation 52 engbren 23-Jan-20 03:25
The Egyptian Civil Calendar 59 engbren 27-Jan-20 03:05
Re: The Egyptian Civil Calendar 65 engbren 28-Jan-20 11:57
Re: The Egyptian Civil Calendar 56 Spiros 29-Jan-20 15:20
Re: The Egyptian Civil Calendar 46 engbren 30-Jan-20 12:11
Re: The Egyptian Civil Calendar 45 Spiros 01-Feb-20 15:07
Re: The Egyptian Civil Calendar 27 engbren 02-Feb-20 13:31
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 42 engbren 31-Jan-20 09:24
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 30 engbren 08-Feb-20 07:21
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 37 Spiros 08-Feb-20 22:37
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 33 engbren 10-Feb-20 06:43
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 33 engbren 13-Feb-20 13:03
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 40 Manu 13-Feb-20 16:58
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 20 engbren 14-Feb-20 10:03
On the Provions of Vegetables to Djedi 30 engbren 05-Feb-20 07:00
The house of Reusre 35 engbren 06-Feb-20 08:42
Re: The house of Reusre 40 hendrik dirker 06-Feb-20 12:54
Re: The house of Reusre 46 engbren 07-Feb-20 05:38
Re: The house of Reusre 30 engbren 14-Feb-20 10:49
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 35 engbren 15-Feb-20 09:14
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 31 Spiros 16-Feb-20 19:32
Re: Unlocking the Westcar Papyrus with Egyptian Astronomy 21 Spiros 17-Feb-20 01:21
The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 28 engbren 17-Feb-20 08:51
Re: The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 34 Spiros 17-Feb-20 19:13
Re: The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 27 engbren 18-Feb-20 09:46
Re: The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 44 Glass Jigsaw 18-Feb-20 14:21
Re: The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 25 engbren 20-Feb-20 08:11
Re: The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 25 Glass Jigsaw 20-Feb-20 14:53
Re: The location of the pool and possibly Meskhenet 17 engbren 22-Feb-20 06:14
Feedback 18 engbren 25-Feb-20 12:15


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