It is approximately 656ft long and 33ft high and 33ft wide at the base. With the exception of an extremely large lintel over the gateway, it is otherwise made up of mostly modest size rough cut blocks:
With Sphinx in background.
A bit misleading today as to it's true height as much of it is still obscured by sand. Fully excavated the gateway is 23ft high. Lehner suggests the project was never completed with the reasoning being the masonry was never finished but I doubt this as just as easily it served a utilitarian purpose with no reason for it to be dressed. Regarding its function Lehner says:
Why did the builders put so much effort into an immense stone structure that was not part of a pyramid complex nor connected to other structures at Giza?
The builders shaped and hauled a huge number of massive blocks to form something more like a dike than a wall. In contrast, the rest of our settlement is mostly built of mud brick or broken stone from the nearby Maadi Formation.
The Wall may have separated the sacred precincts of the pyramid plateau from the precincts in which the workers lived. The Enclosure Wall that bounds the Gallery Complex on the west nearly abuts the Wall of the Crow, and the regulated passageways out of the settlement—especially Main Street, the principle axis—led right to the massive gateway in the Wall of the Crow....
Geoarchaeologist Karl Butzer, who studied the environmental history of our site, believes that the 4th Dynasty Egyptians built their settlement on the outwash of a wadi, a stream bed that occasionally carried heavy floods running off the high desert. The Wall of the Crow stands just to the south of the stream bed and could have served to deflect the floodwaters.
Both ideas fall short for me. If it was to separate the "sacred" from the mundane it makes no sense such a substantial structure would have been built completely different in scope than, say, any of the enclosure wall of the pyramids. Not to mention 656ft is hardly much of a separation.
As far as "flood control", this makes little sense either, particualrly if its only purpose was to protect the commoner village behind it. Again, there would be no need for a such a substantial structure to accomplish the task and could have been made of mud brick and/or scrabble rock and sand like ramps and walls not to mention a large catch-all drainage trench built in front of it. If for flooding this wall would be to protect against floods of Biblical proportions which is hard to image there ever being such coming from the plateau with such regularity, if at all, that such a massive wall would be needed to protect the commoners against it particualrly when other more simpler means would do just as well. And if the gate were not able to be blocked just as sturdy as needed it would seem to defeat the purpose.
The gateway, or "subway", is a common feature to the causeways of G1 and G2 which makes one wonder if the Wall of the Crow may have been used as a transport road for heavy loads.
Directly behind the Wall of the Crow are the "Gallery Complex", a grouping of somewhat odd buildings. Lehner says at least Gallery Set I predates the Wall:
I'm not exactly sure if this was determined by the remains found after the wall ends, which was destroyed and the blocks removed in later times, or if the gallery is found at any point under the intact wall. He doesn't give much detail, but just from looking at the diagram above it seems odd the gallery would run along the wall then extend beyond it at the very point where the wall was destroyed if Set I predated the wall.
At any rate, it would seem when pondering the original layout of the plateau and surrounding waterways, the Wall of the Crow would seem to play an enigmatic part.
Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 31-Mar-20 15:18 by Thanos5150.