Site inspection has shown that for most of its length, Khafre's causeway runs along a ridge of exposed bedrock, with a masonry pavement present only towards the east. Bedrock exposed beneath this pavement, on the northern shoulder of the causeway, indicates that this masonry is only a single course thick and has been used simply to provide a constant gradient both along and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the causeway 30.
The eastern end of the causeway runs along the top of the southern Sphinx exposure and, when viewed in plan, it can be seen that these two features share a common alignment (Figure 3). Experience suggests that such common alignments rarely develop by chance and this raises the possibility that the two features were constructed at the same time. It follows, therefore, that if the Sphinx pre-dates Khufu, the causeway must also have been constructed some time before Khufu's development of the site 31.
Further support for this hypothesis is available from analysis of the spatial relationship between the causeway and the two quarries that were worked during Khufu's reign (Figure 2 - the northern quarry has been referred to earlier in this paper). With respect to the southern most of these quarries, Lehner states that "At the N, the floor of the quarry appears to slope up to the Khafre causeway..."32. Later, when discussing the northern quarry, "[the area] contained dumped debris which apparently fills an extensive quarry limited on the S by the Khafre causeway and on the east by the Sphinx depression."33.
Under the conventional sequence of development, "Khafre's" causeway (and the Sphinx), were undeveloped at the time of Khufu's quarrying. If this sequence is correct, why should the extent of the quarrying have been limited by a feature (the causeway) that was not developed until sometime after Khufu's reign? The conventional sequence of development requires us to accept that Khufu's workmen went to the trouble of opening up a second quarry to the south of the causeway, rather than remove a linear body of rock which, at the time, served no apparent purpose. The common alignment of the causeway and the southern Sphinx exposure indicates that, like the excavation of the Sphinx and the construction of the Sphinx temple, the alignment of "Khafre's" causeway was established some time before the construction of Khufu's mortuary complex. Under this revised sequence of development, interpretation of the spatial relationship between the causeway and Khufu's quarries becomes quite straightforward - with the causeway limiting the extent of the later quarrying works.
Khufu Knew the Sphinx, Colin Reader
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 28-May-18 04:06 by Thanos5150.