> The Red Pyramid is one of the largest pyramids in
> Egypt and the prototype for the Great Pyramid. As
> such, one would expect that the engineers and
> builders would have refined their construction
> techniques on this structure as preparation for
> their next and finest project.
> As causeways are supposedly a necessary
> preliminary construction to enable heavy materials
> to be transported from a "hub" to the actual site,
> then one should see evidence of such a pavement at
> the Red Pyramid.
> However, to date, no such causeway has been
> Adding to the premise that causeways link temples,
> there is virtually no evidence whatsoever of any
> temples at this site despite the assertion that
> Senefru was actually interred in the Red Pyramid.
> No temples = no causeways.
> Pyramids do not necessarily require causeways.
According to Verner:
"The causeway was also never completed. All that was found were the remains of supply roads for construction materials and paths connecting the mortuary temple with the pyramid town on the edge of the Nile Valley".
Meaning, for the RP anyways, that the causeway and supply roads were not one and the same, which as you note, the RP did not even have a causeway regardless. The mortuary temple found on the east side was poorly built and believed to have never been finished and while Stadelmann believes he may have found fragments of the Valley Temple wall incorporated into the pyramid town, there is no evidence it was ever built otherwise.
As an aside, recent ongoing (re)excavations directly adjacent to the north of the BP VT have revealed a massive mud brick complex older the the VT which included extensive gardens. Hardly the stuff of construction ramps. So near is it to the VT that Stadelmann thought this complex was a magazine or vestry of the Valley Temple itself, but these later excavations showed it was built prior to the VT. Concerning the garden:
In 2012, a re-examination of the site using a magnetometric survey showed that the building was actually older than the Bent Pyramid Valley Temple and its remains more extensive than previously thought.
“The major aim of the project was to investigate this earlier building in its entirety and gain as much archaeological evidence as possible on its original layout, date and function as well as having a better understanding of the whole landscape of this area especially after a recent magnetic survey detected a settlement with orthogonal streets,” project field director Felix Arnold told the Weekly.
After removing 15 cm of sand, excavators not only rediscovered Fakhri’s brick structure but also found the remains of an extensive garden which once featured more than 350 plants arranged in long parallel rows enclosed within a five-metre thick wall.
The garden site is spread along the area inside the enclosure wall, and its west side includes four rows of 26 tree pits, which range from between 2.2 to 2.4 m in size with diameters ranging from between 50 to 100 cm. An irrigation channel that once watered the roots of the plants was also discovered around the pits.
In most cases, Arnold said, the space between the pits was covered by a thin layer of earth, allowing smaller plants to grow. Only in one segment was the earth limited to narrow strips, possibly serving as flower pits. Additional rows of tree pits were arranged along the east side of the enclosure, though apparently more densely spaced, while another two rows were found on the northern side. An area of 150 m in the core of the enclosure wall was left free of plants.
“A few remains of plant roots are clearly visible,” Arnold said, adding that the remains revealed that the whole garden was once planted with palm trees, sycamores and cypress trees.
“This is the first time we have found a cypress tree in Egypt,” Arnold said, adding that it could have been imported from Syria. He said that studies have suggested that all the trees were planted as adult plants, meaning that they were planted somewhere else and later transported to Dahshour at one or two years old.
Purely hypothetical but I am left to wonder if this garden complex was a nursery for plants obtained through foreign sources, namely the Levant. We are reminded of the Palermo stones account of Sneferu bringing back 40 ships full off presumably cedar wood from the Levant.
Regardless, the mud brick complex predates the BP Valley Temple and would have been logically incompatible with a construction funicular causeway if it had existed prior to the VT as some here have hypothesized.
Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 18-May-18 04:27 by Thanos5150.