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Were the causeways of Ancient Egypt really practical constructions for utilitarian use?

Are the angles of the causeways of the Giza Pyramids coincidental?





If the causeways are simply pavements for transporting materials, then why are they set at specific angles of 14 degrees North and South for Khufu and Khafre, and 0 degrees in the case of Menkaure?

There are very few remaining sections of any AE causeways for research, but Unas gives some insight into their appearance.



If the function of a causeway was for the purpose of moving blocks, stones etc., then why cover it?

Herodotus describes the GP causeway thus:

"here passed ten years while the causeway was made by which they drew the stones, which causeway they built, and it is a work not much less, as it appears to me, than the pyramid; for the length of it is five furlongs and the breadth ten fathoms and the height, where it is highest, eight fathoms, and it is made of stone smoothed and with figures carved upon it. For this, they said, the ten years were spent, and for the underground chambers on the hill upon which the pyramids stand.

Herodotus: Second Book of The Histories"



The remnant of the Unas causeway bears similarly styled motifs.

The Temple at Abu Simbel allows a ray of the Sun to penetrate to its rear wall on only two days of the year which are important dates in the reign of Ramesses 11.




Quite possibly, the "causeways" at Giza were covered and similarly are solar indicators of important dates for reasons solely known to the intelligentsia of Giza.

The fact that each causeway ends in a temple near each of the pyramids lessens any utilitarian reason, and the fact that the causeway of Khufu actually runs over a cliff renders it highly impractical as a means of transporting materials easily.

Quite possibly, the painting and motifs were added at a later date by a culture unfamiliar with the original use of the causeway, and also, quite possibly, there is no connection between the pyramids and the causeways, but it was the temple which was the focus of its construction.

The fact that the Mortuary Temple of Menkaure actually abuts the Pyramid indicates that the temple, although highly eroded, may postdate the pyramid, which brings into question the funerary aspects of both pyramids and temples, at least in their initial concept.



PWH

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Causeways And The Sun 1418 Barbelo 14-May-18 04:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 117 kborissov 14-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 120 Barbelo 14-May-18 21:25
Re: Causeways And The Moon 119 Barbelo 15-May-18 23:01
The Causeway of Unas 87 Barbelo 16-May-18 22:00
Re: Causeways And The Sun 68 Spiros 17-May-18 00:12
Re: Causeways And The Sun 72 Barbelo 17-May-18 01:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 72 Spiros 17-May-18 01:46
Re: Causeways And The Sun 83 Barbelo 17-May-18 02:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 60 Spiros 18-May-18 21:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 57 Spiros 19-May-18 11:54
Red Pyramid Causeway? 96 Barbelo 17-May-18 20:21
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 92 Thanos5150 18-May-18 04:20
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 63 Barbelo 18-May-18 05:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 65 Thanos5150 18-May-18 16:28
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 59 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:05
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 60 Thanos5150 18-May-18 22:49
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 89 Manu 18-May-18 05:31
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 63 Thanos5150 19-May-18 00:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 72 Manu 19-May-18 01:16
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 46 Thanos5150 19-May-18 02:08
Hor Us and Hat Hor 63 Barbelo 19-May-18 03:01
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 55 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:46
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 80 Thunderbird 18-May-18 17:59
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 48 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:48
Step Pyramid Causeway? 79 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:29
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 47 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:06
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 47 Barbelo 19-May-18 21:30
Khafre Causeway 67 Barbelo 19-May-18 22:05
Re: Khafre Causeway 65 Thanos5150 20-May-18 00:53
Re: Khafre Causeway 81 Barbelo 20-May-18 04:23
Re: Khafre Causeway 60 Thanos5150 20-May-18 17:27
Re: Khafre Causeway 58 Barbelo 20-May-18 21:50
Re: Khafre Causeway 51 Thanos5150 21-May-18 01:00
Re: Khafre Causeway 48 Barbelo 21-May-18 02:07
Re: Khafre Causeway 60 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:17
Re: Khafre Causeway 47 Barbelo 21-May-18 21:12
Re: Khafre Causeway 49 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:15
Unanswered Questions 42 Barbelo 22-May-18 22:06
Khufu Causeway 86 Barbelo 20-May-18 22:37
Re: Khufu Causeway 64 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 53 Barbelo 22-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 71 DUNE 22-May-18 07:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 73 Thanos5150 22-May-18 14:38
Khufu'S Valley Temple 62 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:22
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 82 Thanos5150 23-May-18 02:45
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 76 Barbelo 23-May-18 23:20
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 79 Thanos5150 24-May-18 01:11
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 74 Barbelo 24-May-18 04:11
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 53 R Avry Wilson 26-May-18 00:41
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 61 Thanos5150 28-May-18 04:06
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 60 Origyptian 28-May-18 12:10
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 46 Thanos5150 29-May-18 03:54
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 46 Barbelo 29-May-18 06:20
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 52 Thanos5150 29-May-18 21:30
Wall of the Crow 55 Barbelo 29-May-18 22:12
Re: Wall of the Crow 47 Thanos5150 29-May-18 23:31
Re: Wall of the Crow 63 Barbelo 30-May-18 06:10
Re: LOL!.....No copper sheet/water Causeway at Coral Castle : ) 59 Thunderbird 30-May-18 17:41
Re: Wall of the Crow 69 Thanos5150 31-May-18 01:05
Re: Wall of the Crow 71 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 06:58
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 51 Corpuscles 29-May-18 22:30
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 39 Thanos5150 29-May-18 23:56
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 67 Romulus the 2nd 04-Jun-18 11:53
Re: Khufu Causeway 42 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:29
Re: Khufu Causeway 70 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:22
14 Degrees [?] 64 Dr. Troglodyte 22-May-18 14:34
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 70 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:42
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 65 Spiros 23-May-18 11:50
Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 91 Dr. Troglodyte 23-May-18 16:48
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 73 Spiros 23-May-18 17:49
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 51 Spiros 26-May-18 17:47
what if.. 56 Spiros 27-May-18 02:45
Re: what if.. 49 DUNE 27-May-18 08:32
Re: what if.. 39 Spiros 28-May-18 21:57
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 76 Thanos5150 23-May-18 20:51
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 65 molder 26-May-18 06:31
Khufu’s Causeway - Update 73 Dr. Troglodyte 01-Jun-18 19:48
Re: Khufu’s Causeway - Update 44 Barbelo 02-Jun-18 03:42
Re: Causeways And The Sun 68 Origyptian 26-May-18 02:47
Re: Causeways And The Sun 74 Barbelo 26-May-18 05:41
Re: Causeways And The Sun 64 Origyptian 26-May-18 11:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 68 cladking 26-May-18 13:55
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Barbelo 26-May-18 20:20
Re: Causeways And The Sun 49 Origyptian 27-May-18 02:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 66 Barbelo 27-May-18 03:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 60 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 09:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 Barbelo 27-May-18 11:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 52 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 11:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 55 Sirfiroth 27-May-18 13:13
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Origyptian 27-May-18 13:32
Re: Causeways And The Sun 70 cladking 27-May-18 13:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 45 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 01:23
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 cladking 28-May-18 02:06
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 22:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 37 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 01:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 38 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 03:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 08:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 50 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 14:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 45 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 15:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 15:42
Re: Causeways And The Sun 34 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 16:21
Re: Causeways And The Sun 30 Origyptian 29-May-18 13:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 43 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 15:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 Origyptian 29-May-18 16:18
Re: Causeways And The Sun 45 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 16:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 47 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 17:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 21:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 47 Eddie Larry 28-May-18 21:11
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 21:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 42 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 Eddie Larry 29-May-18 02:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 39 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 54 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 21:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 40 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 22:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 44 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 23:09
Re: Causeways And The Sun 55 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 23:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:23
Re: Causeways And The Sun 38 Eddie Larry 29-May-18 04:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 33 Origyptian 29-May-18 13:56
Re: Causeways And The Sun 71 Corpuscles 29-May-18 00:51
A Further Degree Of Difficulty 50 Barbelo 29-May-18 02:02
Re: Causeways or Sand? 53 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 04:56
Re: Causeways or Sand? 61 Corpuscles 29-May-18 07:31
Re: Causeways or Sand? 46 Jon Ellison 29-May-18 09:05
Re: Causeways or Sand? 52 Steve Clayton 30-May-18 19:47
Re: Causeways or Sand? 52 Steve Clayton 03-Jun-18 01:06
Re: Causeways or Sand? 39 Origyptian 29-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways or Sand? 37 Corpuscles 29-May-18 23:31
Re: Causeways or Sand? 39 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 23:59
Re: Causeways or Sand? 50 Corpuscles 30-May-18 03:08
Re: Causeways or Sand? 44 Steve Clayton 30-May-18 04:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Origyptian 27-May-18 11:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 43 Barbelo 27-May-18 20:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 36 Origyptian 28-May-18 01:27
Causeways And Geysers 50 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:09
Divide and Conquer 45 cladking 28-May-18 03:38
Re: Divide and Conquer 35 Origyptian 28-May-18 04:58
Re: Causeways And Geysers 48 Origyptian 28-May-18 04:26
Re: Causeways And Geysers 60 Barbelo 28-May-18 05:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Origyptian 27-May-18 11:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 Barbelo 27-May-18 21:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 52 cladking 27-May-18 23:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 53 Barbelo 27-May-18 23:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 34 cladking 28-May-18 02:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:16
Re: Causeways And The Sun 35 cladking 28-May-18 03:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Corpuscles 28-May-18 00:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 32 cladking 28-May-18 02:28
Re: Causeways And The Sun 49 Origyptian 28-May-18 02:15
Re: Causeways And The Sun 73 DUNE 26-May-18 19:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Sirfiroth 26-May-18 22:05
Pyramids as Gnomons 73 Eddie Larry 26-May-18 20:28
Re: Causeways And The Sun 239 Corpuscles 27-May-18 22:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 60 Barbelo 28-May-18 00:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 52 Corpuscles 28-May-18 01:26
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 63 Origyptian 28-May-18 02:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Barbelo 28-May-18 04:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 59 Origyptian 28-May-18 05:02
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Barbelo 28-May-18 05:56
Re: Causeways And The Sun 54 Origyptian 28-May-18 11:39
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 cladking 28-May-18 13:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 kborissov 29-May-18 01:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 cladking 29-May-18 13:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 40 kborissov 30-May-18 02:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 36 cladking 30-May-18 03:30
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Origyptian 29-May-18 14:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 46 kborissov 29-May-18 21:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 50 Origyptian 29-May-18 22:02
Re: Causeways And The Sun 47 kborissov 29-May-18 22:26
Re: Causeways And The Sun 71 Steve Clayton 31-May-18 18:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 Barbelo 31-May-18 22:17
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 01:11
Re: Causeways And The Sun 53 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 03:50
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 15:43
Re: Causeways And The Sun 39 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 20:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 20:55
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 22:47
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 23:10


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