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Were the causeways of Ancient Egypt really practical constructions for utilitarian use?

Are the angles of the causeways of the Giza Pyramids coincidental?





If the causeways are simply pavements for transporting materials, then why are they set at specific angles of 14 degrees North and South for Khufu and Khafre, and 0 degrees in the case of Menkaure?

There are very few remaining sections of any AE causeways for research, but Unas gives some insight into their appearance.



If the function of a causeway was for the purpose of moving blocks, stones etc., then why cover it?

Herodotus describes the GP causeway thus:

"here passed ten years while the causeway was made by which they drew the stones, which causeway they built, and it is a work not much less, as it appears to me, than the pyramid; for the length of it is five furlongs and the breadth ten fathoms and the height, where it is highest, eight fathoms, and it is made of stone smoothed and with figures carved upon it. For this, they said, the ten years were spent, and for the underground chambers on the hill upon which the pyramids stand.

Herodotus: Second Book of The Histories"



The remnant of the Unas causeway bears similarly styled motifs.

The Temple at Abu Simbel allows a ray of the Sun to penetrate to its rear wall on only two days of the year which are important dates in the reign of Ramesses 11.




Quite possibly, the "causeways" at Giza were covered and similarly are solar indicators of important dates for reasons solely known to the intelligentsia of Giza.

The fact that each causeway ends in a temple near each of the pyramids lessens any utilitarian reason, and the fact that the causeway of Khufu actually runs over a cliff renders it highly impractical as a means of transporting materials easily.

Quite possibly, the painting and motifs were added at a later date by a culture unfamiliar with the original use of the causeway, and also, quite possibly, there is no connection between the pyramids and the causeways, but it was the temple which was the focus of its construction.

The fact that the Mortuary Temple of Menkaure actually abuts the Pyramid indicates that the temple, although highly eroded, may postdate the pyramid, which brings into question the funerary aspects of both pyramids and temples, at least in their initial concept.



PWH

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Causeways And The Sun 2286 Barbelo 14-May-18 04:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 225 kborissov 14-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 236 Barbelo 14-May-18 21:25
Re: Causeways And The Moon 269 Barbelo 15-May-18 23:01
The Causeway of Unas 196 Barbelo 16-May-18 22:00
Re: Causeways And The Sun 150 Spiros 17-May-18 00:12
Re: Causeways And The Sun 157 Barbelo 17-May-18 01:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 155 Spiros 17-May-18 01:46
Re: Causeways And The Sun 167 Barbelo 17-May-18 02:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 146 Spiros 18-May-18 21:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 117 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 138 Spiros 19-May-18 11:54
Red Pyramid Causeway? 187 Barbelo 17-May-18 20:21
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 194 Thanos5150 18-May-18 04:20
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 146 Barbelo 18-May-18 05:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 146 Thanos5150 18-May-18 16:28
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 154 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:05
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 135 Thanos5150 18-May-18 22:49
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 167 Manu 18-May-18 05:31
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 146 Thanos5150 19-May-18 00:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 149 Manu 19-May-18 01:16
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 111 Thanos5150 19-May-18 02:08
Hor Us and Hat Hor 150 Barbelo 19-May-18 03:01
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 132 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:46
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 167 Thunderbird 18-May-18 17:59
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 122 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:48
Step Pyramid Causeway? 253 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:29
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 114 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:06
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 110 Barbelo 19-May-18 21:30
Khafre Causeway 146 Barbelo 19-May-18 22:05
Re: Khafre Causeway 138 Thanos5150 20-May-18 00:53
Re: Khafre Causeway 184 Barbelo 20-May-18 04:23
Re: Khafre Causeway 131 Thanos5150 20-May-18 17:27
Re: Khafre Causeway 134 Barbelo 20-May-18 21:50
Re: Khafre Causeway 131 Thanos5150 21-May-18 01:00
Re: Khafre Causeway 118 Barbelo 21-May-18 02:07
Re: Khafre Causeway 142 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:17
Re: Khafre Causeway 114 Barbelo 21-May-18 21:12
Re: Khafre Causeway 127 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:15
Unanswered Questions 106 Barbelo 22-May-18 22:06
Khufu Causeway 276 Barbelo 20-May-18 22:37
Re: Khufu Causeway 143 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 126 Barbelo 22-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 152 DUNE 22-May-18 07:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 202 Thanos5150 22-May-18 14:38
Khufu'S Valley Temple 142 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:22
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 178 Thanos5150 23-May-18 02:45
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 150 Barbelo 23-May-18 23:20
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 212 Thanos5150 24-May-18 01:11
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 146 Barbelo 24-May-18 04:11
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 134 R Avry Wilson 26-May-18 00:41
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 154 Thanos5150 28-May-18 04:06
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 154 Origyptian 28-May-18 12:10
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 125 Thanos5150 29-May-18 03:54
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 124 Barbelo 29-May-18 06:20
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 129 Thanos5150 29-May-18 21:30
Wall of the Crow 135 Barbelo 29-May-18 22:12
Re: Wall of the Crow 128 Thanos5150 29-May-18 23:31
Re: Wall of the Crow 136 Barbelo 30-May-18 06:10
Re: LOL!.....No copper sheet/water Causeway at Coral Castle : ) 121 Thunderbird 30-May-18 17:41
Re: Wall of the Crow 199 Thanos5150 31-May-18 01:05
Re: Wall of the Crow 157 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 06:58
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 121 Corpuscles 29-May-18 22:30
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 110 Thanos5150 29-May-18 23:56
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 150 Romulus the 2nd 04-Jun-18 11:53
Re: Khufu Causeway 95 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:29
Re: Khufu Causeway 145 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 87 Manu 25-Sep-18 12:43
Re: Khufu Causeway 80 cladking 25-Sep-18 13:30
Re: Khufu Causeway 75 DUNE 25-Sep-18 14:30
Re: Khufu Causeway 79 Spiros 25-Sep-18 14:48
Re: Khufu Causeway 78 Manu 25-Sep-18 15:39
Re: Khufu Causeway 77 DUNE 25-Sep-18 17:07
Re: Khufu Causeway 94 DUNE 25-Sep-18 17:31
Re: Khufu Causeway 73 DUNE 25-Sep-18 19:13
Re: Khufu Causeway 78 cladking 25-Sep-18 19:52
Re: Khufu Causeway 103 DUNE 25-Sep-18 20:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 76 cladking 26-Sep-18 19:23
Re: Khufu Causeway 87 Thanos5150 26-Sep-18 03:02
Practical applications 99 Audrey 27-Sep-18 00:12
Re: Practical applications 93 Thanos5150 27-Sep-18 06:14
Re: Practical applications 118 DUNE 27-Sep-18 08:58
Re: Practical applications 93 cladking 27-Sep-18 13:48
Re: Practical applications 87 Audrey 28-Sep-18 02:46
Re: Practical applications 77 cladking 28-Sep-18 13:07
Re: Practical applications 91 Thanos5150 27-Sep-18 15:51
Re: Practical applications 73 Eddie Larry 27-Sep-18 16:36
Re: Practical applications 70 cladking 27-Sep-18 16:51
Re: Practical applications 66 cladking 27-Sep-18 17:13
Re: Practical applications 70 Eddie Larry 27-Sep-18 20:08
Re: Practical applications 72 Thunderbird 27-Sep-18 21:54
Re: Practical applications 69 Eddie Larry 27-Sep-18 22:07
Re: Practical applications 69 cladking 28-Sep-18 13:17
Re: Practical applications 59 Eddie Larry 28-Sep-18 13:52
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 59 cladking 28-Sep-18 14:08
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 64 Eddie Larry 28-Sep-18 15:20
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 68 cladking 28-Sep-18 15:40
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 69 Eddie Larry 28-Sep-18 18:00
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 74 cladking 28-Sep-18 18:38
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 80 cladking 30-Sep-18 23:41
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 76 Eddie Larry 01-Oct-18 01:51
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 60 cladking 01-Oct-18 02:50
Re: Practical applications 79 Audrey 28-Sep-18 02:25
The First Question 92 Barbelo 25-Sep-18 22:29
Re: The First Question 78 Manu 26-Sep-18 01:28
Re: The First Question 74 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 04:45
Re: The First Question 76 Manu 26-Sep-18 06:31
Re: The First Question 97 Thanos5150 26-Sep-18 16:17
Re: The First Question 95 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 21:48
Re: The First Question 73 Manu 27-Sep-18 03:23
Re: The First Question 71 cladking 27-Sep-18 04:22
Re: The First Question 98 Sirfiroth 27-Sep-18 17:23
"Original" Causeway 92 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 05:51
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 91 DUNE 28-Sep-18 10:22
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 92 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 11:48
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 67 DUNE 28-Sep-18 13:02
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 75 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 20:32
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 66 DUNE 28-Sep-18 21:13
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 94 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 22:34
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 70 Thanos5150 28-Sep-18 16:25
Re: "Original" Causeway 66 Spiros 28-Sep-18 13:14
Re: The First Question 85 Corpuscles 26-Sep-18 06:41
Re: The First Question 74 DUNE 26-Sep-18 09:16
Re: The First Question 70 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 11:20
Re: The First Question 72 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 11:30
Khafre M.T. floor versus Khufu 104 Manu 26-Sep-18 12:06
Re: Khafre M.T. floor versus Khufu 78 Barbelo 27-Sep-18 06:04
Hetepheres I Boat Pit 74 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 05:13
Re: The First Question 84 Thanos5150 26-Sep-18 01:35
14 Degrees [?] 139 Dr. Troglodyte 22-May-18 14:34
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 149 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:42
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 137 Spiros 23-May-18 11:50
Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 188 Dr. Troglodyte 23-May-18 16:48
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 154 Spiros 23-May-18 17:49
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 126 Spiros 26-May-18 17:47
what if.. 142 Spiros 27-May-18 02:45
Re: what if.. 112 DUNE 27-May-18 08:32
Re: what if.. 106 Spiros 28-May-18 21:57
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 169 Thanos5150 23-May-18 20:51
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 141 molder 26-May-18 06:31
Khufu’s Causeway - Update 152 Dr. Troglodyte 01-Jun-18 19:48
Re: Khufu’s Causeway - Update 113 Barbelo 02-Jun-18 03:42
Re: Causeways And The Sun 136 Origyptian 26-May-18 02:47
Re: Causeways And The Sun 147 Barbelo 26-May-18 05:41
Re: Causeways And The Sun 147 Origyptian 26-May-18 11:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 145 cladking 26-May-18 13:55
Re: Causeways And The Sun 118 Barbelo 26-May-18 20:20
Re: Causeways And The Sun 125 Origyptian 27-May-18 02:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 137 Barbelo 27-May-18 03:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 124 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 09:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 118 Barbelo 27-May-18 11:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 123 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 11:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 129 Sirfiroth 27-May-18 13:13
Re: Causeways And The Sun 123 Origyptian 27-May-18 13:32
Re: Causeways And The Sun 146 cladking 27-May-18 13:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 121 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 01:23
Re: Causeways And The Sun 124 cladking 28-May-18 02:06
Re: Causeways And The Sun 126 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 22:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 99 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 01:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 109 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 03:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 142 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 08:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 130 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 14:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 114 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 15:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 117 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 15:42
Re: Causeways And The Sun 108 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 16:21
Re: Causeways And The Sun 98 Origyptian 29-May-18 13:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 15:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 135 Origyptian 29-May-18 16:18
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 16:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 114 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 17:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 21:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 123 Eddie Larry 28-May-18 21:11
Re: Causeways And The Sun 113 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 21:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 103 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 Eddie Larry 29-May-18 02:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 110 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 119 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 21:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 114 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 22:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 23:09
Re: Causeways And The Sun 124 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 23:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 122 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:23
Re: Causeways And The Sun 116 Eddie Larry 29-May-18 04:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 93 Origyptian 29-May-18 13:56
Re: Causeways And The Sun 129 Corpuscles 29-May-18 00:51
A Further Degree Of Difficulty 125 Barbelo 29-May-18 02:02
Re: Causeways or Sand? 133 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 04:56
Re: Causeways or Sand? 145 Corpuscles 29-May-18 07:31
Re: Causeways or Sand? 118 Jon Ellison 29-May-18 09:05
Re: Causeways or Sand? 131 Steve Clayton 30-May-18 19:47
Re: Causeways or Sand? 139 Steve Clayton 03-Jun-18 01:06
Re: Causeways or Sand? 110 Origyptian 29-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways or Sand? 112 Corpuscles 29-May-18 23:31
Re: Causeways or Sand? 119 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 23:59
Re: Causeways or Sand? 123 Corpuscles 30-May-18 03:08
Re: Causeways or Sand? 124 Steve Clayton 30-May-18 04:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 138 Origyptian 27-May-18 11:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 106 Barbelo 27-May-18 20:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 102 Origyptian 28-May-18 01:27
Causeways And Geysers 111 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:09
Divide and Conquer 115 cladking 28-May-18 03:38
Re: Divide and Conquer 89 Origyptian 28-May-18 04:58
Re: Causeways And Geysers 111 Origyptian 28-May-18 04:26
Re: Causeways And Geysers 124 Barbelo 28-May-18 05:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 108 Origyptian 27-May-18 11:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 113 Barbelo 27-May-18 21:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 125 cladking 27-May-18 23:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 123 Barbelo 27-May-18 23:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 101 cladking 28-May-18 02:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 127 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:16
Re: Causeways And The Sun 95 cladking 28-May-18 03:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 113 Corpuscles 28-May-18 00:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 102 cladking 28-May-18 02:28
Re: Causeways And The Sun 119 Origyptian 28-May-18 02:15
Re: Causeways And The Sun 157 DUNE 26-May-18 19:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 130 Sirfiroth 26-May-18 22:05
Pyramids as Gnomons 152 Eddie Larry 26-May-18 20:28
Re: Causeways And The Sun 314 Corpuscles 27-May-18 22:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 129 Barbelo 28-May-18 00:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 109 Corpuscles 28-May-18 01:26
Re: Causeways And The Sun 125 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 129 Origyptian 28-May-18 02:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 Barbelo 28-May-18 04:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 128 Origyptian 28-May-18 05:02
Re: Causeways And The Sun 148 Barbelo 28-May-18 05:56
Re: Causeways And The Sun 115 Origyptian 28-May-18 11:39
Re: Causeways And The Sun 126 cladking 28-May-18 13:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 105 kborissov 29-May-18 01:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 116 cladking 29-May-18 13:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 112 kborissov 30-May-18 02:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 88 cladking 30-May-18 03:30
Re: Causeways And The Sun 116 Origyptian 29-May-18 14:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 114 kborissov 29-May-18 21:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 119 Origyptian 29-May-18 22:02
Re: Causeways And The Sun 122 kborissov 29-May-18 22:26
Re: Causeways And The Sun 103 cladking 01-Oct-18 03:27
Re: Causeways And The Sun 92 Corpuscles 01-Oct-18 05:04
Re: Causeways And The Sun 84 Barbelo 01-Oct-18 06:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 67 cladking 01-Oct-18 13:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 168 cladking 01-Oct-18 13:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 152 Steve Clayton 31-May-18 18:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 119 Barbelo 31-May-18 22:17
Re: Causeways And The Sun 129 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 01:11
Re: Causeways And The Sun 124 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 03:50
Re: Causeways And The Sun 123 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 15:43
Re: Causeways And The Sun 108 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 20:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 148 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 20:55
Re: Causeways And The Sun 144 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 22:47
Re: Causeways And The Sun 136 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 23:10


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