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Were the causeways of Ancient Egypt really practical constructions for utilitarian use?

Are the angles of the causeways of the Giza Pyramids coincidental?

If the causeways are simply pavements for transporting materials, then why are they set at specific angles of 14 degrees North and South for Khufu and Khafre, and 0 degrees in the case of Menkaure?

There are very few remaining sections of any AE causeways for research, but Unas gives some insight into their appearance.

If the function of a causeway was for the purpose of moving blocks, stones etc., then why cover it?

Herodotus describes the GP causeway thus:

"here passed ten years while the causeway was made by which they drew the stones, which causeway they built, and it is a work not much less, as it appears to me, than the pyramid; for the length of it is five furlongs and the breadth ten fathoms and the height, where it is highest, eight fathoms, and it is made of stone smoothed and with figures carved upon it. For this, they said, the ten years were spent, and for the underground chambers on the hill upon which the pyramids stand.

Herodotus: Second Book of The Histories"

The remnant of the Unas causeway bears similarly styled motifs.

The Temple at Abu Simbel allows a ray of the Sun to penetrate to its rear wall on only two days of the year which are important dates in the reign of Ramesses 11.

Quite possibly, the "causeways" at Giza were covered and similarly are solar indicators of important dates for reasons solely known to the intelligentsia of Giza.

The fact that each causeway ends in a temple near each of the pyramids lessens any utilitarian reason, and the fact that the causeway of Khufu actually runs over a cliff renders it highly impractical as a means of transporting materials easily.

Quite possibly, the painting and motifs were added at a later date by a culture unfamiliar with the original use of the causeway, and also, quite possibly, there is no connection between the pyramids and the causeways, but it was the temple which was the focus of its construction.

The fact that the Mortuary Temple of Menkaure actually abuts the Pyramid indicates that the temple, although highly eroded, may postdate the pyramid, which brings into question the funerary aspects of both pyramids and temples, at least in their initial concept.


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Subject Views Written By Posted
Causeways And The Sun 465 Barbelo 14-May-18 04:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 kborissov 14-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 50 Barbelo 14-May-18 21:25
Re: Causeways And The Moon 49 Barbelo 15-May-18 23:01
The Causeway of Unas 29 Barbelo 16-May-18 22:00
Re: Causeways And The Sun 24 Spiros 17-May-18 00:12
Re: Causeways And The Sun 29 Barbelo 17-May-18 01:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 27 Spiros 17-May-18 01:46
Re: Causeways And The Sun 43 Barbelo 17-May-18 02:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 17 Spiros 18-May-18 21:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 19 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 19 Spiros 19-May-18 11:54
Red Pyramid Causeway? 36 Barbelo 17-May-18 20:21
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 37 Thanos5150 18-May-18 04:20
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 28 Barbelo 18-May-18 05:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 26 Thanos5150 18-May-18 16:28
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 19 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:05
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 18 Thanos5150 18-May-18 22:49
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 55 Manu 18-May-18 05:31
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 28 Thanos5150 19-May-18 00:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 30 Manu 19-May-18 01:16
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 17 Thanos5150 19-May-18 02:08
Hor Us and Hat Hor 24 Barbelo 19-May-18 03:01
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 23 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:46
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 31 Thunderbird 18-May-18 17:59
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 25 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:48
Step Pyramid Causeway? 25 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:29
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 19 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:06
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 17 Barbelo 19-May-18 21:30
Khafre Causeway 26 Barbelo 19-May-18 22:05
Re: Khafre Causeway 27 Thanos5150 20-May-18 00:53
Re: Khafre Causeway 40 Barbelo 20-May-18 04:23
Re: Khafre Causeway 23 Thanos5150 20-May-18 17:27
Re: Khafre Causeway 19 Barbelo 20-May-18 21:50
Re: Khafre Causeway 16 Thanos5150 21-May-18 01:00
Re: Khafre Causeway 18 Barbelo 21-May-18 02:07
Re: Khafre Causeway 23 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:17
Re: Khafre Causeway 19 Barbelo 21-May-18 21:12
Re: Khafre Causeway 10 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:15
Unanswered Questions 9 Barbelo 22-May-18 22:06
Khufu Causeway 26 Barbelo 20-May-18 22:37
Re: Khufu Causeway 21 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 15 Barbelo 22-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 25 DUNE 22-May-18 07:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 20 Thanos5150 22-May-18 14:38
Khufu'S Valley Temple 8 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:22
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 3 Thanos5150 23-May-18 02:45
Re: Khufu Causeway 5 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:29
Re: Khufu Causeway 27 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:22
14 Degrees [?] 15 Dr. Troglodyte 22-May-18 14:34
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 10 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:42

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