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Were the causeways of Ancient Egypt really practical constructions for utilitarian use?

Are the angles of the causeways of the Giza Pyramids coincidental?





If the causeways are simply pavements for transporting materials, then why are they set at specific angles of 14 degrees North and South for Khufu and Khafre, and 0 degrees in the case of Menkaure?

There are very few remaining sections of any AE causeways for research, but Unas gives some insight into their appearance.



If the function of a causeway was for the purpose of moving blocks, stones etc., then why cover it?

Herodotus describes the GP causeway thus:

"here passed ten years while the causeway was made by which they drew the stones, which causeway they built, and it is a work not much less, as it appears to me, than the pyramid; for the length of it is five furlongs and the breadth ten fathoms and the height, where it is highest, eight fathoms, and it is made of stone smoothed and with figures carved upon it. For this, they said, the ten years were spent, and for the underground chambers on the hill upon which the pyramids stand.

Herodotus: Second Book of The Histories"



The remnant of the Unas causeway bears similarly styled motifs.

The Temple at Abu Simbel allows a ray of the Sun to penetrate to its rear wall on only two days of the year which are important dates in the reign of Ramesses 11.




Quite possibly, the "causeways" at Giza were covered and similarly are solar indicators of important dates for reasons solely known to the intelligentsia of Giza.

The fact that each causeway ends in a temple near each of the pyramids lessens any utilitarian reason, and the fact that the causeway of Khufu actually runs over a cliff renders it highly impractical as a means of transporting materials easily.

Quite possibly, the painting and motifs were added at a later date by a culture unfamiliar with the original use of the causeway, and also, quite possibly, there is no connection between the pyramids and the causeways, but it was the temple which was the focus of its construction.

The fact that the Mortuary Temple of Menkaure actually abuts the Pyramid indicates that the temple, although highly eroded, may postdate the pyramid, which brings into question the funerary aspects of both pyramids and temples, at least in their initial concept.



PWH

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Causeways And The Sun 2025 Barbelo 14-May-18 04:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 168 kborissov 14-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 167 Barbelo 14-May-18 21:25
Re: Causeways And The Moon 180 Barbelo 15-May-18 23:01
The Causeway of Unas 130 Barbelo 16-May-18 22:00
Re: Causeways And The Sun 100 Spiros 17-May-18 00:12
Re: Causeways And The Sun 107 Barbelo 17-May-18 01:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 106 Spiros 17-May-18 01:46
Re: Causeways And The Sun 114 Barbelo 17-May-18 02:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 95 Spiros 18-May-18 21:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 90 Spiros 19-May-18 11:54
Red Pyramid Causeway? 132 Barbelo 17-May-18 20:21
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 135 Thanos5150 18-May-18 04:20
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 95 Barbelo 18-May-18 05:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 96 Thanos5150 18-May-18 16:28
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 97 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:05
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 88 Thanos5150 18-May-18 22:49
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 117 Manu 18-May-18 05:31
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 93 Thanos5150 19-May-18 00:00
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 100 Manu 19-May-18 01:16
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 67 Thanos5150 19-May-18 02:08
Hor Us and Hat Hor 90 Barbelo 19-May-18 03:01
Re: Red Pyramid Causeway? 83 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:46
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 110 Thunderbird 18-May-18 17:59
Re: Giza - Ancient Prime Meridian 76 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:48
Step Pyramid Causeway? 130 Barbelo 18-May-18 22:29
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 69 Thanos5150 19-May-18 14:06
Re: Step Pyramid Causeway? 72 Barbelo 19-May-18 21:30
Khafre Causeway 98 Barbelo 19-May-18 22:05
Re: Khafre Causeway 90 Thanos5150 20-May-18 00:53
Re: Khafre Causeway 111 Barbelo 20-May-18 04:23
Re: Khafre Causeway 86 Thanos5150 20-May-18 17:27
Re: Khafre Causeway 89 Barbelo 20-May-18 21:50
Re: Khafre Causeway 78 Thanos5150 21-May-18 01:00
Re: Khafre Causeway 75 Barbelo 21-May-18 02:07
Re: Khafre Causeway 95 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:17
Re: Khafre Causeway 70 Barbelo 21-May-18 21:12
Re: Khafre Causeway 79 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:15
Unanswered Questions 64 Barbelo 22-May-18 22:06
Khufu Causeway 177 Barbelo 20-May-18 22:37
Re: Khufu Causeway 96 Thanos5150 21-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 80 Barbelo 22-May-18 04:08
Re: Khufu Causeway 98 DUNE 22-May-18 07:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 108 Thanos5150 22-May-18 14:38
Khufu'S Valley Temple 94 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:22
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 113 Thanos5150 23-May-18 02:45
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 102 Barbelo 23-May-18 23:20
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 122 Thanos5150 24-May-18 01:11
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 99 Barbelo 24-May-18 04:11
Re: Khufu's Valley Temple 77 R Avry Wilson 26-May-18 00:41
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 90 Thanos5150 28-May-18 04:06
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 96 Origyptian 28-May-18 12:10
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 68 Thanos5150 29-May-18 03:54
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 73 Barbelo 29-May-18 06:20
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 77 Thanos5150 29-May-18 21:30
Wall of the Crow 82 Barbelo 29-May-18 22:12
Re: Wall of the Crow 72 Thanos5150 29-May-18 23:31
Re: Wall of the Crow 91 Barbelo 30-May-18 06:10
Re: LOL!.....No copper sheet/water Causeway at Coral Castle : ) 80 Thunderbird 30-May-18 17:41
Re: Wall of the Crow 97 Thanos5150 31-May-18 01:05
Re: Wall of the Crow 100 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 06:58
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 75 Corpuscles 29-May-18 22:30
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 66 Thanos5150 29-May-18 23:56
Re: Khufu'S Valley Temple 96 Romulus the 2nd 04-Jun-18 11:53
Re: Khufu Causeway 60 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:29
Re: Khufu Causeway 101 Thanos5150 22-May-18 15:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 45 Manu 25-Sep-18 12:43
Re: Khufu Causeway 35 cladking 25-Sep-18 13:30
Re: Khufu Causeway 38 DUNE 25-Sep-18 14:30
Re: Khufu Causeway 36 Spiros 25-Sep-18 14:48
Re: Khufu Causeway 38 Manu 25-Sep-18 15:39
Re: Khufu Causeway 34 DUNE 25-Sep-18 17:07
Re: Khufu Causeway 48 DUNE 25-Sep-18 17:31
Re: Khufu Causeway 37 DUNE 25-Sep-18 19:13
Re: Khufu Causeway 33 cladking 25-Sep-18 19:52
Re: Khufu Causeway 47 DUNE 25-Sep-18 20:22
Re: Khufu Causeway 30 cladking 26-Sep-18 19:23
Re: Khufu Causeway 43 Thanos5150 26-Sep-18 03:02
Practical applications 36 Audrey 27-Sep-18 00:12
Re: Practical applications 38 Thanos5150 27-Sep-18 06:14
Re: Practical applications 50 DUNE 27-Sep-18 08:58
Re: Practical applications 38 cladking 27-Sep-18 13:48
Re: Practical applications 32 Audrey 28-Sep-18 02:46
Re: Practical applications 23 cladking 28-Sep-18 13:07
Re: Practical applications 31 Thanos5150 27-Sep-18 15:51
Re: Practical applications 26 Eddie Larry 27-Sep-18 16:36
Re: Practical applications 26 cladking 27-Sep-18 16:51
Re: Practical applications 24 cladking 27-Sep-18 17:13
Re: Practical applications 30 Eddie Larry 27-Sep-18 20:08
Re: Practical applications 27 Thunderbird 27-Sep-18 21:54
Re: Practical applications 26 Eddie Larry 27-Sep-18 22:07
Re: Practical applications 26 cladking 28-Sep-18 13:17
Re: Practical applications 21 Eddie Larry 28-Sep-18 13:52
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 21 cladking 28-Sep-18 14:08
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 24 Eddie Larry 28-Sep-18 15:20
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 28 cladking 28-Sep-18 15:40
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 26 Eddie Larry 28-Sep-18 18:00
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 27 cladking 28-Sep-18 18:38
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 20 cladking 30-Sep-18 23:41
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 24 Eddie Larry 01-Oct-18 01:51
Re: Practical applications (and infrastructure) 18 cladking 01-Oct-18 02:50
Re: Practical applications 26 Audrey 28-Sep-18 02:25
The First Question 44 Barbelo 25-Sep-18 22:29
Re: The First Question 30 Manu 26-Sep-18 01:28
Re: The First Question 37 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 04:45
Re: The First Question 35 Manu 26-Sep-18 06:31
Re: The First Question 46 Thanos5150 26-Sep-18 16:17
Re: The First Question 39 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 21:48
Re: The First Question 33 Manu 27-Sep-18 03:23
Re: The First Question 30 cladking 27-Sep-18 04:22
Re: The First Question 40 Sirfiroth 27-Sep-18 17:23
"Original" Causeway 35 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 05:51
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 45 DUNE 28-Sep-18 10:22
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 35 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 11:48
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 25 DUNE 28-Sep-18 13:02
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 26 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 20:32
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 22 DUNE 28-Sep-18 21:13
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 48 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 22:34
Re: A Change of Plan, The Trial Passage & That Platform 29 Thanos5150 28-Sep-18 16:25
Re: "Original" Causeway 22 Spiros 28-Sep-18 13:14
Re: The First Question 40 Corpuscles 26-Sep-18 06:41
Re: The First Question 31 DUNE 26-Sep-18 09:16
Re: The First Question 24 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 11:20
Re: The First Question 32 Barbelo 26-Sep-18 11:30
Khafre M.T. floor versus Khufu 64 Manu 26-Sep-18 12:06
Re: Khafre M.T. floor versus Khufu 32 Barbelo 27-Sep-18 06:04
Hetepheres I Boat Pit 30 Barbelo 28-Sep-18 05:13
Re: The First Question 39 Thanos5150 26-Sep-18 01:35
14 Degrees [?] 97 Dr. Troglodyte 22-May-18 14:34
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 106 Barbelo 22-May-18 21:42
Re: 14 Degrees [?] 90 Spiros 23-May-18 11:50
Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 132 Dr. Troglodyte 23-May-18 16:48
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 104 Spiros 23-May-18 17:49
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 80 Spiros 26-May-18 17:47
what if.. 97 Spiros 27-May-18 02:45
Re: what if.. 71 DUNE 27-May-18 08:32
Re: what if.. 67 Spiros 28-May-18 21:57
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 114 Thanos5150 23-May-18 20:51
Re: Giza’s Causeways – Proof of Concept Solar Study 96 molder 26-May-18 06:31
Khufu’s Causeway - Update 106 Dr. Troglodyte 01-Jun-18 19:48
Re: Khufu’s Causeway - Update 76 Barbelo 02-Jun-18 03:42
Re: Causeways And The Sun 91 Origyptian 26-May-18 02:47
Re: Causeways And The Sun 96 Barbelo 26-May-18 05:41
Re: Causeways And The Sun 90 Origyptian 26-May-18 11:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 95 cladking 26-May-18 13:55
Re: Causeways And The Sun 69 Barbelo 26-May-18 20:20
Re: Causeways And The Sun 77 Origyptian 27-May-18 02:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 93 Barbelo 27-May-18 03:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 85 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 09:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Barbelo 27-May-18 11:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 11:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 84 Sirfiroth 27-May-18 13:13
Re: Causeways And The Sun 77 Origyptian 27-May-18 13:32
Re: Causeways And The Sun 98 cladking 27-May-18 13:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 74 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 01:23
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 cladking 28-May-18 02:06
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Jon Ellison 27-May-18 22:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 58 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 01:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 03:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 93 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 08:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 77 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 14:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 73 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 15:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 73 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 15:42
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 16:21
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 Origyptian 29-May-18 13:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 64 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 15:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 88 Origyptian 29-May-18 16:18
Re: Causeways And The Sun 69 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 16:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 72 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 17:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 74 Sirfiroth 28-May-18 21:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 78 Eddie Larry 28-May-18 21:11
Re: Causeways And The Sun 68 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 21:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 63 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 69 Eddie Larry 29-May-18 02:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 21:37
Re: Causeways And The Sun 70 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 22:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 71 Steve Clayton 28-May-18 23:09
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Jon Ellison 28-May-18 23:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 Sirfiroth 29-May-18 02:23
Re: Causeways And The Sun 65 Eddie Larry 29-May-18 04:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 54 Origyptian 29-May-18 13:56
Re: Causeways And The Sun 94 Corpuscles 29-May-18 00:51
A Further Degree Of Difficulty 74 Barbelo 29-May-18 02:02
Re: Causeways or Sand? 83 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 04:56
Re: Causeways or Sand? 90 Corpuscles 29-May-18 07:31
Re: Causeways or Sand? 67 Jon Ellison 29-May-18 09:05
Re: Causeways or Sand? 78 Steve Clayton 30-May-18 19:47
Re: Causeways or Sand? 79 Steve Clayton 03-Jun-18 01:06
Re: Causeways or Sand? 60 Origyptian 29-May-18 15:44
Re: Causeways or Sand? 62 Corpuscles 29-May-18 23:31
Re: Causeways or Sand? 71 Steve Clayton 29-May-18 23:59
Re: Causeways or Sand? 78 Corpuscles 30-May-18 03:08
Re: Causeways or Sand? 75 Steve Clayton 30-May-18 04:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 89 Origyptian 27-May-18 11:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 62 Barbelo 27-May-18 20:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 60 Origyptian 28-May-18 01:27
Causeways And Geysers 70 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:09
Divide and Conquer 72 cladking 28-May-18 03:38
Re: Divide and Conquer 51 Origyptian 28-May-18 04:58
Re: Causeways And Geysers 68 Origyptian 28-May-18 04:26
Re: Causeways And Geysers 81 Barbelo 28-May-18 05:38
Re: Causeways And The Sun 68 Origyptian 27-May-18 11:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 77 Barbelo 27-May-18 21:29
Re: Causeways And The Sun 82 cladking 27-May-18 23:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 81 Barbelo 27-May-18 23:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 56 cladking 28-May-18 02:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 79 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:16
Re: Causeways And The Sun 52 cladking 28-May-18 03:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 69 Corpuscles 28-May-18 00:35
Re: Causeways And The Sun 57 cladking 28-May-18 02:28
Re: Causeways And The Sun 78 Origyptian 28-May-18 02:15
Re: Causeways And The Sun 105 DUNE 26-May-18 19:33
Re: Causeways And The Sun 83 Sirfiroth 26-May-18 22:05
Pyramids as Gnomons 102 Eddie Larry 26-May-18 20:28
Re: Causeways And The Sun 265 Corpuscles 27-May-18 22:36
Re: Causeways And The Sun 81 Barbelo 28-May-18 00:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 72 Corpuscles 28-May-18 01:26
Re: Causeways And The Sun 74 Barbelo 28-May-18 03:54
Re: Causeways And The Sun 88 Origyptian 28-May-18 02:31
Re: Causeways And The Sun 71 Barbelo 28-May-18 04:01
Re: Causeways And The Sun 86 Origyptian 28-May-18 05:02
Re: Causeways And The Sun 107 Barbelo 28-May-18 05:56
Re: Causeways And The Sun 73 Origyptian 28-May-18 11:39
Re: Causeways And The Sun 80 cladking 28-May-18 13:52
Re: Causeways And The Sun 69 kborissov 29-May-18 01:45
Re: Causeways And The Sun 76 cladking 29-May-18 13:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 67 kborissov 30-May-18 02:14
Re: Causeways And The Sun 51 cladking 30-May-18 03:30
Re: Causeways And The Sun 73 Origyptian 29-May-18 14:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 72 kborissov 29-May-18 21:58
Re: Causeways And The Sun 73 Origyptian 29-May-18 22:02
Re: Causeways And The Sun 79 kborissov 29-May-18 22:26
Re: Causeways And The Sun 36 cladking 01-Oct-18 03:27
Re: Causeways And The Sun 31 Corpuscles 01-Oct-18 05:04
Re: Causeways And The Sun 27 Barbelo 01-Oct-18 06:44
Re: Causeways And The Sun 24 cladking 01-Oct-18 13:07
Re: Causeways And The Sun 48 cladking 01-Oct-18 13:59
Re: Causeways And The Sun 94 Steve Clayton 31-May-18 18:10
Re: Causeways And The Sun 80 Barbelo 31-May-18 22:17
Re: Causeways And The Sun 84 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 01:11
Re: Causeways And The Sun 81 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 03:50
Re: Causeways And The Sun 74 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 15:43
Re: Causeways And The Sun 67 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 20:08
Re: Causeways And The Sun 106 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 20:55
Re: Causeways And The Sun 102 Barbelo 01-Jun-18 22:47
Re: Causeways And The Sun 104 Steve Clayton 01-Jun-18 23:10


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