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Thanos5150 Wrote:
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> My understanding is that they did not have such a
> thing as a "league" but the translation was
> offered as a placeholder using the English word of
> what they thought was the nearest equivalent.
> (Added-the idea of it being less than a mile was
> my own math extrapolating from the cord which the
> source said the Babylonian equivalent of a
> "league" was 30 cord, but this could be wrong).

I thought you might have some info.

>
Quote

The word beru, translated by Heidel as
> double-hour and by Speiser as league is a very
> curious one. It seems to be formed from a
> subsidiary stem of the verb root beru, whose basic
> meaning is to starve or to be hungry. From this
> basic meaning the subsidiary stem in question
> developed its meaning to persevere, to hold out,
> in other words, to hold out against starvation. In
> actual usage, the meaning was extended and the
> word came to mean to endure without interruption,
> and to continue to last. The word was used
> specifically in astronomy to describe stars and
> plnets which continued to be visible and had not
> gone below the horizon. From this verb, a noun was
> constructed with the meaning duration, although it
> was generally in the form biritu. A related
> preposition meant between, since what was endured
> between constituted an interval.
> This noun also had a highly specific astronomical
> usage, meaning the angle of elongation of a star
> or planet. That means the angular distance from
> the sun. (In the case of Mercury, this never
> exceeds 28 degrees, which is just under 1/3 of a
> right angle, and may possibly relate to the thirds
> which were discussed above in note 11.) The
> central celestial sky band of An had an angular
> width of between 30 and 34 degrees, since An was
> identified with the number 60, it would seem that
> the degrees of his sky band were double-degrees,
> to yield this number. Perhaps the idea of a
> double-hour is similarly a normal hour counted
> double. Heidel does not explain why he has chosen
> to translate beru as double-hour. I have retained
> this translation but warn that the word really
> means 'variable interval', when Gilgamesh's
> journey below the horizon is described, referring
> to the 12 unequal hours, two of which are the
> period of dawn.
> F. Rochberg-Hlaton, in an article on stellar
> distances in Babylonian astronomy stressed that
> the beru was: 'a unit of measure having three
> possible dimensions: length, time, or the
> measurement of an arc. As a unit of length, beru
> is customarily translated as mile (it is actually
> something over 10km), and as a unit of time it is
> equal to 30 ush (ush being the fundamental
> Babylonian unit for the measurement of both time
> and of arcs, equivalent to four minutes), hence
> 120 minutes or a double- hour. In the measurement
> of an arc, the beru refers to the 12th part of a
> circle, against 30 ush or 30 degrees, and serves
> as an astronomical unit, but only in the late
> mathematical astronomy.' Beru occurs so frequently
> in the Epic of Gilgamesh that it has been
> necessary to give a fair amount of information
> about it. The cosmic journey throughout the Epic,
> and the number of berus traversed on each
> occasion, are of great significance for working
> out what is actually being described. I have opted
> largely to use the translation double-hour, and
> occasionally leagues. But precisely what is going
> on in all instances is by no means clear.

That is really interesting, makes everything as clear as mud. It's rarely as simple as we want to think. Whatever author you quoted sounds to be very thorough and obviously you haven't given Gilgamesh just a passing glance, you've put some time into researching it.

> So, if a beru is equivalent to 2hrs of walking
> then it would take 5 days to traverse this forest
> in either direction and 10 days to get from one
> end to the other. A forest of truly mythical
> proportions.

10 days with ideal conditions, as the saying goes; god willin' and the crik don't rise. For those like me who need visuals, about the same time to walk the length of the Grand Canyon. All those objections and calculations about the impossible size of the forest were kind of a waste of time. Often it's better to keep the mouth shut and do a little research first, or just ask.

I wanted an idea of what a cedar forest would like that would create such a stir in the ancients, found this nice video of a forest up tbird's way. I didn't realize they were giant trees but I don't know if these are the same as the Lebanese cedar. In any case, a forest stretching for miles would have been an intimidating area, wouldn't want to get lost in it. Having been in the Redwoods I can understand the sense of reverence one can feel in a forest of giant trees.

He who knows all the answers has not been asked all the questions - Confucius

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Case for an Older Baalbek 2907 Thanos5150 11-Apr-18 06:04
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 471 MDaines 11-Apr-18 08:28
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 402 Origyptian 11-Apr-18 11:15
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 385 Thanos5150 11-Apr-18 22:34
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 365 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 13:25
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 348 MDaines 12-Apr-18 13:39
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 326 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 22:47
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 344 Thanos5150 11-Apr-18 22:31
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 326 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 13:01
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 359 MDaines 12-Apr-18 13:25
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 333 Audrey 12-Apr-18 17:49
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 334 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 22:36
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 323 Audrey 12-Apr-18 23:08
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 320 Origyptian 13-Apr-18 01:44
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 331 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 03:07
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 330 Eddie Larry 13-Apr-18 03:26
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 309 Origyptian 13-Apr-18 04:00
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 339 Audrey 13-Apr-18 03:16
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 322 Origyptian 13-Apr-18 04:18
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 410 Barbelo 11-Apr-18 11:41
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 333 Thunderbird 11-Apr-18 15:02
Re: Case for no King Solomon 374 Thunderbird 11-Apr-18 15:19
Re: Case for no King Solomon 356 Thanos5150 11-Apr-18 22:51
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 384 Audrey 11-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 339 Thanos5150 11-Apr-18 23:11
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 371 Eddie Larry 11-Apr-18 20:40
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 330 Thanos5150 11-Apr-18 22:18
How Big Was The Forest? 336 Barbelo 11-Apr-18 23:25
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 358 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 13:58
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 364 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 16:18
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 328 MDaines 12-Apr-18 16:54
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 316 Audrey 13-Apr-18 03:29
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 345 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 15:20
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 342 Audrey 14-Apr-18 01:57
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 388 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-18 04:12
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 341 Barbelo 14-Apr-18 10:25
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 323 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-18 15:54
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 266 Barbelo 14-Apr-18 22:13
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 295 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-18 22:45
Re: Beer bottles Fly......Duck! 305 Thunderbird 14-Apr-18 22:26
Re: Beer bottles Fly......Duck! 290 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-18 22:37
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 301 Thanos5150 15-Apr-18 02:49
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 298 Eddie Larry 15-Apr-18 02:56
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 325 Thanos5150 15-Apr-18 03:36
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 323 Eddie Larry 15-Apr-18 04:21
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 348 Barbelo 15-Apr-18 05:45
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 297 Eddie Larry 15-Apr-18 14:00
Zagros, Shoulder of the Cosmic Matriarch 337 MDaines 16-Apr-18 07:41
Re: Zagros, Shoulder of the Cosmic Matriarch 319 Thunderbird 16-Apr-18 12:59
Re: Zagros, Shoulder of the Cosmic Matriarch 355 MDaines 16-Apr-18 13:30
Re: Zagros, Shoulder of the Cosmic Matriarch 333 Thanos5150 16-Apr-18 19:39
Re: Zagros, Shoulder of the Cosmic Matriarch 355 MDaines 17-Apr-18 07:40
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 301 Thanos5150 14-Apr-18 14:43
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 354 Mike D 20-Apr-18 13:15
Re: Did the Russians visit Baalbek? 288 Thunderbird 20-Apr-18 13:56
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 338 Thanos5150 20-Apr-18 16:00
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 309 Eddie Larry 20-Apr-18 16:09
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 308 Thanos5150 20-Apr-18 17:00
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 300 Eddie Larry 20-Apr-18 17:11
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 317 Barbelo 20-Apr-18 20:47
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 305 Origyptian 20-Apr-18 21:45
Re: How Big Was The Forest? 418 Barbelo 20-Apr-18 22:57
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 314 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 00:53
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 300 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 03:56
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 324 Corpuscles 12-Apr-18 00:34
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 321 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 01:39
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 338 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 03:52
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 301 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 04:36
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 326 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 14:12
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 320 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 14:44
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 281 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 17:01
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 343 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 00:47
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 250 Eddie Larry 13-Apr-18 03:40
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 355 Audrey 13-Apr-18 05:44
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 318 Thanos5150 14-Apr-18 01:32
Re: Baalbek.....Home of the God's 305 Thunderbird 13-Apr-18 15:14
Re: Baalbek.....Home of the God's 326 Audrey 14-Apr-18 02:30
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 308 Audrey 12-Apr-18 19:42
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 286 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 20:43
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 298 Audrey 12-Apr-18 16:56
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 321 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 17:08
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 300 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 21:42
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 281 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 22:41
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 314 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 22:58
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 271 Eddie Larry 13-Apr-18 17:52
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 307 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 19:06
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 307 Origyptian 13-Apr-18 21:08
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 329 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 21:37
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 297 Origyptian 13-Apr-18 22:06
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 301 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 22:41
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 337 Origyptian 14-Apr-18 15:14
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 295 Jon Ellison 14-Apr-18 22:20
Re: For God's sakes Lee!... 307 Thunderbird 16-Apr-18 00:15
Some Give A Shit 360 Barbelo 12-Apr-18 05:11
Re: Some Give A Shit 357 MDaines 12-Apr-18 07:48
Re: Some Give A Shit 312 Audrey 12-Apr-18 20:42
Re: Some Give A Shit 331 Barbelo 12-Apr-18 21:43
Re: Some Give A Shit 307 Audrey 12-Apr-18 23:21
Re: Some Give A Shit 296 Barbelo 13-Apr-18 00:44
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 350 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 15:03
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 325 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 17:11
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 349 MDaines 12-Apr-18 17:55
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 305 Origyptian 12-Apr-18 22:18
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 311 Thunderbird 12-Apr-18 22:53
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 296 Audrey 13-Apr-18 00:28
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 346 Thunderbird 13-Apr-18 03:31
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 308 Thanos5150 12-Apr-18 04:46
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 371 Race Jackson 12-Apr-18 22:54
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 357 MDaines 13-Apr-18 08:20
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 337 Audrey 14-Apr-18 00:40
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 368 MDaines 14-Apr-18 08:04
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 358 Manu 13-Apr-18 18:10
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 317 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 19:28
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 315 Manu 13-Apr-18 19:50
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 320 Thanos5150 13-Apr-18 20:53
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 318 Manu 13-Apr-18 21:31
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 309 Barbelo 13-Apr-18 20:26
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 140 Thanos5150 14-Sep-19 15:17
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 157 Eddie Larry 14-Sep-19 15:50
Re: Case for an Older Baalbek 221 engbren 17-Sep-19 03:13


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