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The Ubaid of greater Mesopotamia had been building monumental mud brick stepped platforms as early as c. 5,000BC which it is said these structures were the inspiration for later ziggurats. The oldest ziggurats are believed to have been built c. 3000BC in Sialk, Elam (Iran):



And Uruk, Mesopotamia (Iraq):


And yet despite this long tradition it is often claimed ziggurats did not become common place until after the ziggurat of Ur c. 2100BC:


The Jiroft culture of Iran's cultural peak usually dated from 2500-2200BC though artifacts have been found at Jiroft sites dating back to 4000BC. In general the Jiroft appear to date back to c. 3000BC. We have spoken of the Jiroft culture here before as they are most well known for their prolific curious stone "handbags":



More photos HERE.

Depicted on some of these handbags and objects, however, are clearly stepped pyramid/ziggurats:




In the Jiroft areas, 2 massive mounds were identified as archeological sites, Konar Sandal A and Konar Sandal B, with A being a ziggurat and B a large fortress of some kind. RCD gave a date range of 2880 to 2200BC.


The Jiroft culture is a relatively recent discovery (2000) in which mass looting of the sites occurred before the authorities were tipped off and archaeological excavations began. Read HERE.

Dating of these sites has been contentious, but again by and large it appears the Jiroft culture dates back to c. 3000BC with a peak of 2500-2200BC. Jiroft pottery in context with some of the stone objects found in situ, however, has been found identical to other sites dated to c. 2800BC. It would seem the Iranians want this site to be a old as possible and Western scholars want it to be younger. My sense is the most reliable dating is c.2500BC.

More interesting reading: Jiroft and the Aratta Kingdom. The Jiroft as Arrata theory is also hotly debated, but personally it seems like a leading candidate at the very least.



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 30-Mar-18 00:06 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 803 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 21:32
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 93 Thunderbird 29-Mar-18 23:48
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 46 MDaines 06-Apr-18 08:29
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 76 MDaines 02-Apr-18 15:11
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 46 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 16:37
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 51 sfbey 03-Apr-18 17:00
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 40 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 19:21
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 39 sfbey 03-Apr-18 19:58
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 40 Thanos5150 04-Apr-18 15:54
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 31 Warwick 04-Apr-18 16:10
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 32 sfbey 04-Apr-18 16:33
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 31 Thanos5150 04-Apr-18 16:59
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 20 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 03:54
Romer? 54 sfbey 03-Apr-18 20:09
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 54 MDaines 04-Apr-18 17:07
Re: Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III 33 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 18:39
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 41 Manu 05-Apr-18 04:37
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 45 MDaines 05-Apr-18 07:47
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 30 Manu 06-Apr-18 18:00
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 30 MDaines 07-Apr-18 08:20
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 31 Warwick 03-Apr-18 19:49
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 39 Manu 04-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 50 Thanos5150 04-Apr-18 20:14
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 40 Manu 04-Apr-18 21:44
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 32 Thanos5150 05-Apr-18 01:03
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 39 Manu 05-Apr-18 01:30
Narmer in Caanan 45 Eddie Larry 04-Apr-18 22:32
Re: Narmer in Caanan 33 Manu 05-Apr-18 01:19
Re: Narmer in Caanan 39 Thanos5150 05-Apr-18 01:24
Re: Narmer in Caanan 37 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 03:25
Kingship and the Gods? 37 sfbey 05-Apr-18 15:37
Re: Kingship and the Gods? 41 Thanos5150 05-Apr-18 16:02
Re: Kingship and the Gods? 38 Audrey 05-Apr-18 16:58
Re: Kingship and the Gods? 36 Warwick 05-Apr-18 17:01
Re: Kingship and the Gods? 53 sfbey 05-Apr-18 17:03
Re: Kingship and the Gods? 37 Merrell 06-Apr-18 14:25
Re: Kingship and the Gods? 30 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:33
Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 38 sfbey 06-Apr-18 15:33
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 52 Manu 06-Apr-18 17:32
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 38 Thanos5150 06-Apr-18 20:18
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 39 Manu 06-Apr-18 21:10
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 39 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 22:08
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 47 Manu 06-Apr-18 23:56
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 29 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 01:51
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 38 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 00:05
This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 49 Barbelo 08-Apr-18 04:20
Re: This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 24 Warwick 09-Apr-18 16:21
Re: This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 26 Barbelo 09-Apr-18 20:06
Re: This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 29 Audrey 09-Apr-18 23:47
Re: This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 30 Eddie Larry 09-Apr-18 21:16
Re: This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 34 Barbelo 10-Apr-18 11:32
Re: This has already been discussed at length-what is your point Barbelo? 41 Eddie Larry 10-Apr-18 18:14
Khufu’s Royal Palace[?] 35 Dr. Troglodyte 11-Apr-18 17:34
A Lack Of Evidence 20 Barbelo 12-Apr-18 10:55
The Early Dynastic Palace at Hierakonpolis 19 sfbey 12-Apr-18 14:06
Re: The Early Dynastic Palace at Hierakonpolis 23 Eddie Larry 12-Apr-18 14:26
Re: The Early Dynastic Palace at Hierakonpolis 44 Barbelo 12-Apr-18 20:46
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 40 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 23:46
Re: Arguments for an Upper Egyptian origin of the palace-façade 30 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 03:22
Rolled-up mats 42 MDaines 08-Apr-18 10:13
Re: Rolled-up mats 37 sfbey 08-Apr-18 16:50
Re: Rolled-up mats 40 MDaines 09-Apr-18 07:39
Re: Rolled-up mats 24 sfbey 09-Apr-18 14:45
Re: Rolled-up mats 22 MDaines 09-Apr-18 15:45
Re: Rolled-up mats 22 sfbey 09-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Rolled-up mats 28 MDaines 09-Apr-18 16:33
Re: Rolled-up mats 17 sfbey 09-Apr-18 19:17
Re: Rolled-up mats 32 atugablish 09-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Rolled-up mats 34 MDaines 10-Apr-18 08:32
Re: Rolled-up mats 34 cladking 10-Apr-18 13:40
Re: Rolled-up mats 32 atugablish 09-Apr-18 19:24
Re: Rolled-up mats 35 Audrey 10-Apr-18 03:08
Re: Rolled-up mats 33 MDaines 10-Apr-18 08:35
Re: Rolled-up mats 37 Thanos5150 09-Apr-18 16:25
Re: Rolled-up mats 30 MDaines 10-Apr-18 13:27
Re: Jiroft Culture Stepped Pyramid Ziggurats c. 2500BC, Iran 64 AndyBlackard 07-Apr-18 14:23


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