11th/12th Dynasty MK (2100-200BC) tomb of Djehutynakht. The remains of husband and wife were found, both strangely named Djehutynakht. The tomb was plundered in antiquity and the bodies dismembered leaving among other body parts notably a head in which Egyptologists were never sure which of the two it belonged to. The FBI was called in to do DNA tested and was able to identify it as the husband's head. An interesting story, but as it relates to this thread and others:
Loreille’s examination also showed that Djehutynakht’s DNA carried clues to another mystery. For centuries, archaeologists and historians have debated the origins of the ancient Egyptians and how closely related they were to modern people living in North Africa. To the researchers’ surprise, the governor’s mitochondrial DNA indicated his ancestry on his mother’s side, or haplogroup, was Eurasian.
“No one will ever believe us,” Loreille recalls telling her colleague Jodi Irwin. “There’s a European haplogroup in an ancient mummy.”
Irwin, the supervisory biologist at the FBI’s DNA support unit, had similar concerns. To verify the results, they sent a portion of the tooth to a Harvard lab, and then to the Department of Homeland Security, for further sequencing.
Then last year as the FBI scientists worked to confirm their results, another group affiliated with the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Germany reported the first successful extraction of ancient DNA from Egyptian mummies. Their results showed that their ancient Egyptian samples were closer to modern Middle Eastern and European samples than to modern Egyptians, who have more sub-Saharan African ancestry.
“It was at the same time ‘Dang! We’re not first,’” Loreille says. “But also we’re happy to see they also had this Eurasian ancestry.”
A related previous thread: DNA Study Reveals AE Closely Related to Levant and Anatolian Populations