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Greetings Cladking,

And thank you for your detailed reply to my post.

However, it would appear that you are not cognizant of the copious amount of archaeological, linguistic, and contextual evidence regarding the purpose for and manner of construction of the Great Pyramid.

Ramps are in fact the most reasonably efficient method of construction that has been proposed thus far. The amount of work required to drag the stones would have been lessened considerably by the incline of the ramps themselves. With full consideration of the weight of the stones in mind, it has been estimated that it would have taken a mere 10 to 20 men to drag a single block of stone. And far from being unattested, the archaeological remains of several of the external ramps have been discovered on the Giza Plateau.



[oi.uchicago.edu]


Based upon your post, I would assume that you are under the assumption that the Great Pyramid could only have been built by aliens. Such a hypothesis is both unfounded and unnecessary to even consider, especially given the fact that the Egyptians themselves possessed all of the necessary tools and technical expertize to construct massive stone structures. Your claim that the inclusion of arsenic into the copper smelting process was "accidental" is entirely unconvincing. Personally, I find it hard to believe that the very people who developed the most sophisticated civilization of the Bronze Age would not have known how to improve the strength and technical efficiency of the metals available to them. At any rate, your assumption would seem to be negated by the fact that nearly all of the copper tools and weapons discovered from the Old Kingdom contain significant traces of arsenic. The copper tools of the Pyramid Age would have been more than capable of working limestone, and the addition of quartzite abrasives would have enabled the workmen to effectively cut through and shape the granite used to construct the King's Chamber and portcullises. Neither you nor anyone else on the fringe can deny that the Egyptian masons of the Old Kingdom employed the use of abrasives to work granite, dolerite, and other hard stone.

And as I posted above, all of this was done to build a tomb for a man who was believed to be a god. Contemporary linguistic and textual evidence from the Old Kingdom conclusively demonstrates that the Egyptians believed there king to have been a living god. The title "Hm.f," in fact literally means "His Incarnation." "NTR-NFR" translates to the "Good God." Each king also had a Horus Name which he chose upon his ascension to the throne. Khufu's was Hrw-Mdjw, which translates to the "Horus that Strikes." In addition, the Pyramid Texts, which provide our primary source for the religious beliefs of the Old Kingdom, prove the king was considered to be a god. And yes, he did hold the power over the life and death of his subjects in his hands. This is demonstrated by the Pyramid Texts themselves which declare concerning the king, "He whom he wills to live, shall live. He whom he wills to die, shall die."

I should let you know, that I am in fact a PhD candidate currently working towards his doctorate in Egyptology. And as such I am well aware of most of the available evidence concerning the royal ideologies and mortuary beliefs of the Old Kingdom. And believe it or not, as part of my university curriculum, I took a course which related all of the current fringe theories about ancient Egypt, and which trained me in the most effective ways to counter fringe arguments. I in fact wrote my class paper on Erich von Daniken's "Chariot of the Gods." He is an alternative theorist that I assume you and Open Mind hold in high regard. However, having read his book, I can assure you that it is rife with errors. For starters he assumes that it would have taken the Great Pyramid 600 years for Bronze Age people to build. In fact, as I mentioned earlier it took 20 years. He also, mistakenly mentioned Alexandria as being contemporary with Egypt's Fourth Dynasty. Alexandria didn't even exist until 331 BC. During the Old Kingdom the area where Alexandria would be built was an isolated fishing village. There was no major port there. I mention this because von Daniken claims the ships carrying Cedar of Lebanon would not have been able to reach the Nile from Alexandria. As you can see, von Daniken doesn't know much of anything about ancient Egypt. This kind of puts a damper on his assertion that extraterrestrial visitors built the Great Pyramid or anything else on earth, wouldn't you agree?

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1744 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 410 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 364 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 288 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 307 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 315 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 381 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 293 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 281 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 290 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 282 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 328 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 309 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 265 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 278 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 260 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 241 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 241 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 350 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 284 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 229 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 235 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 303 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 266 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 277 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 272 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 248 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 257 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 210 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 198 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 184 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 259 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 234 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 255 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 243 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 213 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 244 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 265 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 291 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 205 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 214 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 246 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 271 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 196 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 248 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 281 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 256 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 253 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 254 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 222 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 267 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 319 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 257 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 219 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 236 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 254 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 173 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 299 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 323 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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