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Usimare Setepenre Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------

> First of all, you and many other alternative
> theorists are forgetting one very important
> factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a
> god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth.

This is mere assertion and ignores more evidence than it includes.

> The skilled workmen
> and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built
> the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god
> himself.

This is more assertion and repetition of the last.

We don't even know how they built the pyramids yet Egyptologists propose peasants slept on wet sand ramps!!!

Nowhere is there evidence that any farmer or anyone else even quarried a (core) stone for the pyramid. No evidence exists any stone was ever dragged by any peasant yet this is the assumption.


> Never mind the fact that the
> king was an absolute monarch who held the power of
> life and death over his subjects.

No such evidence exists.

> During all
> periods of political centralization in ancient
> Egyptian history, but especially during the Old
> Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be
> translated as divinely ordained order) was
> inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh.

You are assuming the word "maat" did not change its meaning and that the culture remained unchanged. You must do this or you couldn't even use the later language to translate the older writing. You must assume 3000 years of uninterrupted history. It's simply nonsense because there is no history until later.

> For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding
> underground as per your example, would have been
> seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation
> upon his head.

More nonsense and this is contradicted by the writing which says "men bury themselves, the gods fly up".

> Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the
> Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building
> the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless
> assumption.

No. Your assertion that they "mustta used ramps" is an entirely baseless assumption.

It seems rather obvious to most reasonable people that the methods and beliefs proposed by Egyptologists could not possibly result in pyramid. Indeed, Egyptologists invariably invoke beliefs to explain how these stinky footed bumpkins could build. "The king was god and this provided the ability to drag mountains".

> Not only did Egypt have sufficient
> manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million
> of which only about 20,000 men working in three
> month shifts would have been sufficient, but the
> copper and wooden implements employed by the
> Egyptian workmen would have been more than
> adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

Where is the evidence? These are more assertions. The pyramid exists therefore bumpkins dragged stones.

> 1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of
> itself is a relatively soft metal. However,
> Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old
> Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding
> arsenic to the mold.

There is no evidence for this.

Believe me I've looked and hope it's true but most of the known metal is copper. Scientists believe most of the bronze was accidental.

> This produced a metallic
> compound that was similar to bronze in strength.
> Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would
> have easily cut through the limestone that made up
> the vast bulk of the pyramid.

But no one can duplicate this even with difficulty.

Yes, the core stone is softer but it's still stone.

> 2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians
> would have used copper bow drills in tandem with
> quartzite abrasives which would have been more
> than sufficient to work even the hardest stone
> known to them.

"

> 3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of
> Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar
> wood which was used to construct both the river
> barges used to transport the granite and tura
> limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the
> wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the
> network of ramps.

Assertion. Only one shipment of cedar is known to have occurred.

"Wooden sleds" would wear out so fast that a steady stream of wood would be needed.

> 4. Ramps would in fact have been the most
> efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid.
> I would encourage you to read the very detailed
> monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He
> explains the ancient Egyptian construction
> techniques far better than I could.

Ramps are contraindicated by ALL of the evidence. No evidence exists for them and even the word "ramp" is UNATTESTED.

You are making assertions.

> In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the
> Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower,
> copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the
> Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of
> King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire
> construction project would have been completed in
> a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the
> Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27
> years.

The only thing proven by the Merer Diary is that Egyptology was wrong about Khufu yet they interpret it to prove their assumptions.

We've been through all this before. You might want to choose your battles until you find your way around.

Welcome board!

Man fears the pyramid, time fears man.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1550 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 323 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 217 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 246 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 277 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 233 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 214 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 239 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 216 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 184 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 176 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 259 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 227 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 174 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 180 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 224 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 204 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 186 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 200 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 131 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 141 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 144 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 113 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 217 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 166 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 197 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 180 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 148 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 129 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 139 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 171 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 177 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 196 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 134 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 169 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 147 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 129 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 184 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 186 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 164 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 174 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 144 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 173 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 170 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 146 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 176 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 160 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 208 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 181 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 144 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 159 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 159 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 204 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 169 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 140 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 195 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 195 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 205 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 159 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 195 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 162 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 137 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 168 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 116 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 185 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 176 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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