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Usimare Setepenre Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------

> First of all, you and many other alternative
> theorists are forgetting one very important
> factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a
> god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth.

This is mere assertion and ignores more evidence than it includes.

> The skilled workmen
> and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built
> the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god
> himself.

This is more assertion and repetition of the last.

We don't even know how they built the pyramids yet Egyptologists propose peasants slept on wet sand ramps!!!

Nowhere is there evidence that any farmer or anyone else even quarried a (core) stone for the pyramid. No evidence exists any stone was ever dragged by any peasant yet this is the assumption.


> Never mind the fact that the
> king was an absolute monarch who held the power of
> life and death over his subjects.

No such evidence exists.

> During all
> periods of political centralization in ancient
> Egyptian history, but especially during the Old
> Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be
> translated as divinely ordained order) was
> inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh.

You are assuming the word "maat" did not change its meaning and that the culture remained unchanged. You must do this or you couldn't even use the later language to translate the older writing. You must assume 3000 years of uninterrupted history. It's simply nonsense because there is no history until later.

> For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding
> underground as per your example, would have been
> seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation
> upon his head.

More nonsense and this is contradicted by the writing which says "men bury themselves, the gods fly up".

> Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the
> Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building
> the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless
> assumption.

No. Your assertion that they "mustta used ramps" is an entirely baseless assumption.

It seems rather obvious to most reasonable people that the methods and beliefs proposed by Egyptologists could not possibly result in pyramid. Indeed, Egyptologists invariably invoke beliefs to explain how these stinky footed bumpkins could build. "The king was god and this provided the ability to drag mountains".

> Not only did Egypt have sufficient
> manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million
> of which only about 20,000 men working in three
> month shifts would have been sufficient, but the
> copper and wooden implements employed by the
> Egyptian workmen would have been more than
> adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

Where is the evidence? These are more assertions. The pyramid exists therefore bumpkins dragged stones.

> 1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of
> itself is a relatively soft metal. However,
> Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old
> Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding
> arsenic to the mold.

There is no evidence for this.

Believe me I've looked and hope it's true but most of the known metal is copper. Scientists believe most of the bronze was accidental.

> This produced a metallic
> compound that was similar to bronze in strength.
> Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would
> have easily cut through the limestone that made up
> the vast bulk of the pyramid.

But no one can duplicate this even with difficulty.

Yes, the core stone is softer but it's still stone.

> 2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians
> would have used copper bow drills in tandem with
> quartzite abrasives which would have been more
> than sufficient to work even the hardest stone
> known to them.

"

> 3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of
> Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar
> wood which was used to construct both the river
> barges used to transport the granite and tura
> limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the
> wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the
> network of ramps.

Assertion. Only one shipment of cedar is known to have occurred.

"Wooden sleds" would wear out so fast that a steady stream of wood would be needed.

> 4. Ramps would in fact have been the most
> efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid.
> I would encourage you to read the very detailed
> monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He
> explains the ancient Egyptian construction
> techniques far better than I could.

Ramps are contraindicated by ALL of the evidence. No evidence exists for them and even the word "ramp" is UNATTESTED.

You are making assertions.

> In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the
> Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower,
> copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the
> Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of
> King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire
> construction project would have been completed in
> a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the
> Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27
> years.

The only thing proven by the Merer Diary is that Egyptology was wrong about Khufu yet they interpret it to prove their assumptions.

We've been through all this before. You might want to choose your battles until you find your way around.

Welcome board!

Man fears the pyramid, time fears man.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1744 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 410 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 363 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 288 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 307 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 314 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 381 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 292 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 281 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 289 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 282 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 328 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 309 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 265 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 278 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 259 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 241 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 241 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 350 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 284 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 229 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 234 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 303 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 265 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 275 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 272 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 248 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 257 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 209 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 198 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 184 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 259 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 188 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 233 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 255 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 213 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 210 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 244 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 264 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 289 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 205 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 214 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 246 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 270 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 243 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 196 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 248 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 280 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 256 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 253 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 254 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 259 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 222 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 267 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 317 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 257 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 219 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 236 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 173 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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