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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1572 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 329 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 309 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 210 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 234 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 253 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 258 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 290 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 240 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 216 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 237 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 223 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 256 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 214 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 198 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 221 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 267 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 233 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 178 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 189 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 211 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 210 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 205 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 139 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 148 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 150 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 120 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 208 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 175 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 188 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 153 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 135 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 145 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 179 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 203 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 141 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 196 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 179 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 156 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 138 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 190 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 172 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 182 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 151 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 180 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 175 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 152 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 167 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 217 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 188 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 148 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 164 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 166 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 194 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 213 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 177 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 147 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 197 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 196 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 211 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 165 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 215 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 247 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 200 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 170 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 196 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 144 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 175 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 122 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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