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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1601 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 344 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 318 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 234 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 263 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 265 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 301 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 246 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 232 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 263 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 267 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 197 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 216 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 198 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 194 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 278 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 242 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 185 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 193 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 248 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 221 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 221 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 205 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 214 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 148 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 156 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 159 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 127 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 219 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 214 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 195 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 160 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 144 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 154 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 188 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 198 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 151 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 190 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 166 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 145 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 204 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 179 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 158 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 165 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 177 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 203 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 228 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 158 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 173 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 175 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 157 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 211 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 217 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 205 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 172 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 256 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 211 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 179 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 203 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 156 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 234 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 210 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 185 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 133 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 200 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 193 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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