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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1802 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 438 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 397 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 291 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 317 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 328 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 354 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 427 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 314 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 305 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 319 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 318 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 307 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 357 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 317 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 291 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 303 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 281 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 289 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 267 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 385 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 311 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 255 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 265 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 300 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 295 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 284 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 280 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 278 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 224 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 227 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 208 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 327 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 283 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 301 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 222 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 270 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 255 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 279 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 224 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 270 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 241 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 275 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 268 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 271 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 221 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 265 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 258 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 280 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 300 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 267 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 257 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 260 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 285 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 310 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 219 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 279 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 279 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 277 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 286 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 285 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 289 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 290 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 349 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 280 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 239 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 240 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 295 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 273 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 259 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 212 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 266 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 349 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 358 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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