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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1851 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 474 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 422 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 344 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 306 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 334 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 347 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 372 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 452 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 337 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 342 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 335 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 330 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 383 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 350 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 335 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 313 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 307 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 300 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 285 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 308 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 413 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 331 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 274 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 287 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 368 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 324 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 319 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 318 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 309 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 305 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 293 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 259 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 246 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 228 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 358 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 305 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 286 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 325 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 308 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 243 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 240 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 240 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 293 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 273 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 297 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 246 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 276 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 293 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 290 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 296 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 291 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 316 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 243 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 353 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 296 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 272 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 253 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 282 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 240 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 304 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 296 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 279 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 304 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 342 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 238 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 305 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 308 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 306 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 319 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 305 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 369 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 307 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 258 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 266 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 278 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 312 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 325 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 294 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 282 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 285 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 402 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 381 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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