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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1770 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 420 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 376 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 299 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 282 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 302 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 314 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 334 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 400 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 301 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 291 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 304 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 298 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 293 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 340 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 316 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 279 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 303 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 275 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 288 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 263 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 271 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 248 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 256 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 363 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 294 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 239 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 248 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 314 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 275 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 286 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 281 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 260 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 255 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 263 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 222 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 208 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 195 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 304 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 266 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 233 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 283 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 244 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 210 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 203 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 251 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 240 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 204 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 254 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 223 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 260 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 253 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 247 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 256 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 277 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 303 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 236 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 213 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 222 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 254 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 283 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 252 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 233 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 239 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 257 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 292 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 200 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 266 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 264 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 261 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 272 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 264 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 270 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 275 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 267 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 225 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 244 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 220 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 282 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 276 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 257 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 239 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 185 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 250 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 317 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 341 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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