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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1549 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 322 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 216 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 226 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 245 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 249 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 276 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 228 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 229 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 230 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 212 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 237 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 247 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 207 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 230 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 199 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 190 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 215 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 176 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 258 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 227 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 173 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 180 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 221 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 185 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 184 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 200 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 130 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 140 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 143 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 112 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 216 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 201 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 163 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 197 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 179 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 148 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 129 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 137 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 171 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 177 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 195 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 133 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 189 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 169 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 147 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 128 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 185 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 163 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 174 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 143 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 200 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 172 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 170 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 146 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 174 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 158 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 182 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 181 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 143 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 157 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 159 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 202 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 168 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 140 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 194 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 194 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 197 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 187 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 204 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 157 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 206 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 241 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 195 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 161 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 186 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 137 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 219 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 191 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 192 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 167 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 115 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 183 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 175 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 242 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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