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Greetings there Open Mind,

I'm afraid I couldn't disagree more with your basic premise:

First of all, you and many other alternative theorists are forgetting one very important factor. To the ancient Egyptians, the king was a god. The living incarnation of Horus on earth. This can be seen not only in the contemporary writings from the Old Kingdom such as the Pyramid Texts, but it can also be discerned from several of the Egyptian titles used to reference the king. Hm.f = His Incarnation; Hr = Horus Falcon; NTR-NFR = The Good God etc... The skilled workmen and conscripted peasant farmers who actually built the pyramid believed they were ruled over by god himself. Since that was their sincerely held conviction, these men would have been more than willing to do whatever their ruler commanded with no questions asked. Never mind the fact that the king was an absolute monarch who held the power of life and death over his subjects. During all periods of political centralization in ancient Egyptian history, but especially during the Old Kingdom, the concept of ma'at (which can be translated as divinely ordained order) was inseparably linked with the will of the pharaoh. For an Egyptian to go against ma'at, by hiding underground as per your example, would have been seen as tantamount to inviting chaos and damnation upon his head.

Secondly, your assertion that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom would have been incapable of building the Great Pyramid is an entirely baseless assumption. Not only did Egypt have sufficient manpower, an estimated population of 1.6 million of which only about 20,000 men working in three month shifts would have been sufficient, but the copper and wooden implements employed by the Egyptian workmen would have been more than adequate to build the Great Pyramid.

1. It is certainly true that copper, in and of itself is a relatively soft metal. However, Egyptian copper tools and weapons during the Old Kingdom were intentionally hardened by adding arsenic to the mold. This produced a metallic compound that was similar to bronze in strength. Needless to say, the copper saws and chisels would have easily cut through the limestone that made up the vast bulk of the pyramid.

2. For harder stone such as granite, the Egyptians would have used copper bow drills in tandem with quartzite abrasives which would have been more than sufficient to work even the hardest stone known to them.

3. Through trade with the Levantine city-state of Byblos, Egypt received a large supply of cedar wood which was used to construct both the river barges used to transport the granite and tura limestone down the Nile, as well as to build the wooden sleds used to haul the blocks up the network of ramps.

4. Ramps would in fact have been the most efficient method to construct the Great Pyramid. I would encourage you to read the very detailed monograph written by Jean Pierre Houdin. He explains the ancient Egyptian construction techniques far better than I could.

In conclusion, the Egyptians certainly built the Great Pyramid using a combination of manpower, copper tools, wooden sleds, and ramps. And the Great Pyramid was built for and on the orders of King Khufu as his royal tomb. The entire construction project would have been completed in a maximum of 20 years. Recent evidence from the Merer Diary suggests Khufu had a reign of 27 years.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 1929 nellyjesus28 27-Nov-17 04:38
Mod Note > Topic Moved 505 Dr. Troglodyte 27-Nov-17 17:01
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 464 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 18:49
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 369 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 331 DUNE 14-Jan-18 18:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 357 Open mind 12-Jan-18 20:09
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 373 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 20:20
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 398 cladking 12-Jan-18 20:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 496 Usimare Setepenre 12-Jan-18 21:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 360 cladking 12-Jan-18 22:04
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 357 Barbelo 12-Jan-18 23:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 369 Open mind 12-Jan-18 23:54
Just Another Wacko Theory 365 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 00:31
Re: Just Another Wacko Theory 358 cladking 13-Jan-18 00:36
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 415 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 02:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 374 Open mind 13-Jan-18 02:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 365 John B 13-Jan-18 03:05
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 381 Open mind 13-Jan-18 03:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 335 John B 13-Jan-18 03:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 336 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 351 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:27
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 325 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 340 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 313 Nemobutwhatiimagian 13-Jan-18 22:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 327 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:22
Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 442 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 354 John B 13-Jan-18 03:31
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 301 Barbelo 13-Jan-18 04:04
Re: Pyramid Text Explanations Are Superfluous 322 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 409 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 350 Audrey 13-Jan-18 04:26
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 350 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 04:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 348 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 337 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 318 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 288 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 270 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:52
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 247 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 391 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 10:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 310 cladking 13-Jan-18 14:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 350 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 14:54
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 336 cladking 13-Jan-18 15:45
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 278 Origyptian 16-Jan-18 20:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 263 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 14:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 Origyptian 17-Jan-18 19:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 Jon Ellison 17-Jan-18 23:11
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 291 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 15:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 321 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 16:34
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 269 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 307 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 16:55
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 298 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:07
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 302 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:12
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 285 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 17:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 322 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:25
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 323 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 321 cladking 13-Jan-18 18:06
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 312 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 347 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 19:16
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 271 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 387 Merrell 13-Jan-18 20:33
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 319 Audrey 13-Jan-18 21:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 299 eyeofhorus33 13-Jan-18 23:14
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 Audrey 13-Jan-18 18:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 320 cladking 13-Jan-18 16:08
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 274 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 19:38
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 336 Thanos5150 13-Jan-18 17:32
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 347 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 17:40
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 335 cladking 13-Jan-18 17:58
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 286 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:21
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 303 cladking 13-Jan-18 22:48
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 313 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:57
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 Jon Ellison 13-Jan-18 18:10
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 368 Rickard 13-Jan-18 21:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 330 Usimare Setepenre 13-Jan-18 22:23
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 262 Open mind 14-Jan-18 19:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 326 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 cladking 14-Jan-18 00:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 325 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 03:17
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 Audrey 14-Jan-18 04:46
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 05:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 346 Audrey 14-Jan-18 06:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 287 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 12:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 332 Usimare Setepenre 14-Jan-18 14:42
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 398 Open mind 14-Jan-18 20:01
Just Curious 340 WonderWho 14-Jan-18 12:56
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 284 Martin Stower 14-Jan-18 00:24
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 312 Thanos5150 14-Jan-18 00:30
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 309 Origyptian 14-Jan-18 18:44
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 334 Open mind 12-Jan-18 22:22
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 348 cladking 13-Jan-18 04:43
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 316 Audrey 13-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 317 kirass 18-Jan-18 14:03
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 263 Origyptian 18-Jan-18 17:51
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 307 Anonymous User 18-Jan-18 19:15
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 455 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:47
Re: Theory about why they built the pyramids. Mr Graham. 414 kirass 19-Jan-18 05:55


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