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Thanos5150 Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Audrey Wrote:
> --------------------------------------------------
> -----
> > Doesn't look to be a mine as no minerals are
> > mentioned. I lean towards it being a shelter.
>
> Inkerman was the site of a famous battle during
> the Crimean War of the 1800's. If interested:
> HERE. Inkerman mountain in general was quarried
> extensively in the 19th century as well, but from
> what I gathered that particular quarry was started
> in WWII.
>
> 19th century photo of the aqueduct that was at the
> foot of one of the quarries:

Quote

In A Guide to the Crimea published in 1914 in Simferopol, we read "The main building material in the Crimea is limestone, of which there are several varieties. So-called Inkerman stone has been widely used for the rebuilding of Sevastopol. It has been extracted since ancient times and was exported even to Rome". Inkerman stone was apparently known to the inhabitants of ancient Khersones (500 to 100 bC) to the south of Sevastopol, and in the ancient Greek town of Feodoro (Dori) on the site of the present day city of Inkerman. Legend has it that Emperor Trajan banished Pope Clement I here to work in the quarries, where he died a martyr. In those far off days, as in more recent times, extraction was carried out underground. Indirect evidence of underground workings are the entrances to galleries and caves, partially hidden by undergrowth on the steep mountain slopes (Fig 2). Centuries later, quarrying increased significantly - at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, mainly due to the development of Sevastopol.

In 1890 the city was officially designated the main base and fortress of Russia´s Black Sea fleet. The fleet´s headquarters were transferred here from Nikolayev. This precipitated much building work, with extensive use of Inkerman limestone. The white stone was also transported to many Crimean towns and villages. One example is the Grand Livadia Palace on the slopes above Yalta (Fig. 3). Built on the site of an old imperial palace, it took 17 months to build from April 1910 to September 1911. For a short period it was the summer residence of Tsar Nicolas II. In February 1945, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt met here to decide the fate of the post World War 2 world and the division of Europe.

World War I and the civil war and revolution in Russia resulted in a complete cessation of walling stone quarrying in the Crimea - all quarries were abandoned. In the 1930s extraction recommenced, prompted by a resurgence of house building and civil engineering projects. Mechanisation was introduced into the quarries, including chain saws developed by local inventors. World War II halted this renaissance. The post-war period naturally required a vastly increased volume of building materials. A significant increase in dimensional stone production was only possible through a fundamental modernisation of quarrying. New specialized machines began to appear in the Crimean quarries, made in Baku, Leninakan, Moscow and Simferopol. The radical modernisation transformed the Inkerman workings from a series of small "diggings" into a large mechanized mining concern with a productivity several orders of magnitude higher than earlier. Production of large walling blocks at Pervomaisk quarry before the break-up of the USSR peaked at around 55.000 m3 / year.

The two traditional products of the Crimean limestone quarries were and still are: walling stone in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with dimensions 330 x 190 x 188 mm or 490 x 24 x 188 mm, and large walling blocks (64 specifications) with a total length of 980-3020 mm, height of 820-1000 mm and width of 300-500 mm. The use of limestone walling blocks in the Crimea and in surrounding regions (especially for rural buildings) greatly alleviated chronic shortages of other building materials, and has proved to be much more cost effective than building with locally made red bricks. With large wall blocks, labour costs are reduced by a factor of 3, consumption of mortar and plaster is much reduced, whilst the rate of construction is 2-2,5 times faster.

The enhanced quarry production capacity meant that Inkerman limestone could now be supplied not only for various local public and private building projects but also further afield. Outside the Crimea, major projects have included the Ukraina Palace in Kiev, the Olympic Sports Palace, Mir Hotel, Olympic Village, Tretyakov Gallery and several "cottages" in Moscow region, the Russian Federation Consulate in Kishinyov, Moldavia, the NATO HQ in Brussels, Belgium, etc. The sanatorium complex at Foros was clad with a lot of Inkerman limestone.

Source.

According to this Inkerman was known and quarried in Greek and Roman times as well.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
No other explanation ...high tech 1528 Racho 11-Nov-17 21:39
sorry to all...but at the 21 min mark and a few minutes after 305 Racho 11-Nov-17 22:08
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 378 D-Archer 12-Nov-17 08:57
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 338 Thanos5150 12-Nov-17 17:31
Not megalithic 406 Racho 14-Nov-17 06:40
Re: Not megalithic 250 Audrey 14-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Not megalithic 270 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 20:33
Re: Not megalithic 169 Audrey 14-Nov-17 21:56
Re: Not megalithic 192 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 22:23
Re: Not megalithic 195 Audrey 14-Nov-17 22:49
Re: Not megalithic 161 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 23:33
Re: Not megalithic 240 Audrey 15-Nov-17 01:49
Re: Not megalithic 352 Jon Ellison 15-Nov-17 07:35
Re: Not megalithic 184 Audrey 15-Nov-17 22:23
Re: Not megalithic 245 Racho 27-Nov-17 01:46
Re: Not megalithic 225 Corpuscles 27-Nov-17 02:28
Re: Not megalithic 257 Racho 27-Nov-17 02:52
Stone Spheres Are Natural Formations 135 Barbelo 27-Nov-17 05:37
I think the point is proven 167 Racho 27-Nov-17 06:04
Re: I think the point is proven ; 199 Barbelo 27-Nov-17 11:02
dismissive 109 Racho 27-Nov-17 16:48
Re: I think the point is proven 129 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:36
Let's learn about the science/realities associated with cutting stone 153 Racho 27-Nov-17 06:41
Re: Not megalithic 137 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 06:50
I Second That 217 Barbelo 27-Nov-17 20:52
wow...talk about being unhinged/triggered 167 Racho 27-Nov-17 23:26
Re: wow...talk about being unhinged/triggered 171 Corpuscles 27-Nov-17 23:46
Re: wow...talk about being unhinged/triggered 207 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 00:00
you start... 232 Racho 28-Nov-17 03:53
Re: you start... 228 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 05:15
Re: I Second That 244 Audrey 28-Nov-17 01:43
Wacko or Crackpot? 260 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 02:30
Re: Wacko or Crackpot? 192 Corpuscles 28-Nov-17 02:49
Re: Wacko or Crackpot? 220 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:38
Re: Wacko or Crackpot? 291 Barbelo 28-Nov-17 05:23
Re: Not megalithic 143 Corpuscles 27-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Not megalithic 237 Audrey 28-Nov-17 00:11
Re: Not megalithic 266 Corpuscles 28-Nov-17 00:55
Re: Not megalithic 206 Audrey 28-Nov-17 02:02
Re: Not megalithic 298 Warwick 29-Nov-17 21:08
Re: Not megalithic 211 Origyptian 15-Nov-17 22:38
Re: Not megalithic 171 Jon Ellison 15-Nov-17 23:10
Re: Not megalithic 168 Jon Ellison 15-Nov-17 23:32
Re: Not megalithic 273 Origyptian 16-Nov-17 02:47
Re: Not megalithic 194 Origyptian 16-Nov-17 02:43
Re: Not megalithic 275 Origyptian 14-Nov-17 21:58
Re: Not megalithic 235 Jon Ellison 14-Nov-17 22:14
Re: Not megalithic 202 Origyptian 14-Nov-17 22:38
Re: Not megalithic 175 Thanos5150 14-Nov-17 22:55
Re: Not megalithic 246 Thanos5150 14-Nov-17 23:02
Re: Not megalithic 159 Audrey 14-Nov-17 23:46
Re: Not megalithic 243 Corpuscles 15-Nov-17 00:09
Re: Not megalithic 241 Audrey 15-Nov-17 01:15
Re: Not megalithic 263 Thanos5150 15-Nov-17 00:26
Re: Not megalithic 224 Corpuscles 14-Nov-17 22:47
Re: Not megalithic 226 Warwick 15-Nov-17 02:47
Re: Not megalithic 258 Audrey 15-Nov-17 04:06
Re: Not megalithic 174 Warwick 18-Nov-17 00:59
Re: Not megalithic 241 Racho 15-Nov-17 06:26
Re: Not megalithic 269 Warwick 18-Nov-17 01:01
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 328 Origyptian 12-Nov-17 14:37
Re: No other explanation ...high tech 352 Corpuscles 12-Nov-17 17:48
There Has Never Been Solid Ground 287 cladking 12-Nov-17 19:10
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground 256 Corpuscles 12-Nov-17 20:06
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground 268 cladking 12-Nov-17 20:55
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground!!!!!!!!!!! 247 Corpuscles 12-Nov-17 21:26
Re: There Has Never Been Solid Ground!!!!!!!!!!! 287 cladking 12-Nov-17 21:42
Facinating 259 Warwick 14-Nov-17 20:23
Re: Facinating 226 cladking 14-Nov-17 21:33
Re: Facinating 254 Warwick 15-Nov-17 02:51


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