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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1843 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 487 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 371 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 446 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 373 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 292 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 274 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 295 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 284 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 258 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 270 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 265 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 224 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 273 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 243 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 249 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 265 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 209 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 196 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 327 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 185 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 233 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 170 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 258 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 276 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 328 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 188 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 284 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 287 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 227 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 263 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 260 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 258 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 328 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 281 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 234 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 197 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 161 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 189 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 213 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 203 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 190 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 205 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 201 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 249 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 218 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 203 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 172 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 292 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 190 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 286 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 255 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 162 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 360 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 262 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 200 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 173 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 223 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 233 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 191 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 275 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 198 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 310 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 216 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 188 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 185 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 189 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 227 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 198 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 196 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 217 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 190 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 176 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 184 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 174 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 218 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 167 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 185 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 195 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 287 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 210 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 143 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 163 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 220 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 324 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 177 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 181 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 210 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 178 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 312 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 171 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 195 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 212 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 178 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 189 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 190 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 423 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 216 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 417 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 221 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 210 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 179 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 257 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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