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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1710 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 412 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 325 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 388 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 329 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 239 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 231 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 239 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 235 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 226 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 225 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 223 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 190 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 222 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 203 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 213 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 211 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 167 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 159 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 293 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 155 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 197 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 133 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 211 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 219 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 276 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 155 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 235 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 244 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 199 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 219 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 215 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 205 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 281 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 238 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 181 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 154 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 126 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 153 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 165 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 162 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 157 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 162 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 157 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 165 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 173 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 167 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 138 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 198 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 148 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 237 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 221 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 127 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 296 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 205 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 155 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 133 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 163 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 198 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 138 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 239 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 151 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 239 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 173 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 151 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 150 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 145 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 144 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 158 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 178 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 140 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 129 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 139 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 125 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 130 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 130 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 120 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 145 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 153 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 165 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 99 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 109 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 129 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 276 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 132 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 134 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 151 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 161 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 135 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 128 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 156 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 125 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 138 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 144 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 111 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 130 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 333 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 149 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 143 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 344 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 177 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 121 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 209 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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