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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 2035 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 572 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 428 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 600 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 454 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 383 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 354 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 357 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 355 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 311 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 336 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 339 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 299 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 342 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 319 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 332 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 327 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 275 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 264 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 385 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 239 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 288 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 252 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 345 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 345 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 444 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 238 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 342 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 365 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 293 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 334 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 348 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 314 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 390 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 384 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 293 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 292 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 228 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 247 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 273 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 280 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 245 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 254 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 278 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 342 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 279 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 274 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 246 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 415 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 269 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 351 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 310 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 245 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 450 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 337 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 280 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 234 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 318 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 290 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 260 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 346 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 256 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 413 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 271 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 273 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 255 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 243 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 310 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 250 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 269 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 286 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 309 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 265 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 258 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 247 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 279 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 262 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 309 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 214 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 261 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 251 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 366 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 310 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 210 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 242 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 213 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 297 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 423 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 273 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 241 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 308 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 278 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 237 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 399 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 243 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 284 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 229 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 283 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 228 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 254 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 265 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 286 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 580 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 277 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 280 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 266 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 518 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 306 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 268 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 281 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 317 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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