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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1874 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 512 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 386 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 465 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 383 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 310 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 287 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 310 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 300 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 270 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 282 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 283 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 239 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 293 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 256 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 260 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 275 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 224 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 214 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 337 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 197 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 246 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 187 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 277 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 290 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 342 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 199 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 297 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 303 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 239 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 277 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 275 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 269 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 347 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 301 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 250 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 214 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 179 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 201 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 224 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 216 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 202 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 218 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 215 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 261 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 231 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 219 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 185 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 315 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 204 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 302 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 268 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 184 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 376 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 274 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 219 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 188 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 250 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 245 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 204 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 287 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 212 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 329 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 227 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 204 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 196 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 200 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 246 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 211 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 208 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 202 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 192 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 196 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 186 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 231 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 180 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 198 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 164 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 198 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 207 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 299 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 224 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 154 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 176 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 233 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 345 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 189 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 192 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 221 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 223 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 194 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 328 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 186 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 209 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 229 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 189 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 180 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 208 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 451 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 212 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 217 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 440 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 233 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 222 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 197 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 269 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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