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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1746 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 429 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 339 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 413 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 341 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 253 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 241 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 251 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 248 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 233 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 237 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 237 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 200 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 241 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 212 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 223 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 224 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 180 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 169 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 302 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 164 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 208 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 141 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 223 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 234 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 292 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 164 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 246 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 255 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 207 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 232 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 225 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 216 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 293 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 245 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 193 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 169 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 135 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 163 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 177 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 175 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 166 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 172 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 168 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 211 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 183 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 174 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 148 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 222 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 160 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 253 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 230 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 135 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 315 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 227 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 165 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 147 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 177 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 209 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 147 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 251 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 160 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 260 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 160 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 155 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 178 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 189 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 140 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 151 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 136 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 171 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 141 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 142 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 128 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 155 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 161 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 255 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 181 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 113 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 121 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 138 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 292 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 144 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 150 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 168 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 177 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 148 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 249 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 143 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 168 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 134 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 180 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 151 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 125 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 146 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 365 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 161 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 178 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 156 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 373 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 186 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 179 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 137 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 226 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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