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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 2024 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 563 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 425 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 590 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 449 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 375 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 348 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 348 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 350 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 306 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 329 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 331 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 291 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 336 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 316 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 326 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 319 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 272 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 260 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 374 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 232 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 284 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 244 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 342 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 342 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 438 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 234 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 337 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 362 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 284 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 330 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 341 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 308 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 383 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 378 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 289 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 282 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 223 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 243 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 268 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 274 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 240 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 249 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 272 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 335 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 275 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 265 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 243 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 409 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 263 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 347 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 307 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 238 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 441 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 329 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 275 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 226 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 314 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 285 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 254 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 341 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 251 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 404 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 267 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 268 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 251 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 236 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 299 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 244 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 263 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 276 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 302 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 262 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 253 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 242 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 274 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 256 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 303 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 211 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 255 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 246 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 361 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 305 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 206 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 238 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 210 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 292 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 419 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 268 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 234 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 306 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 272 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 229 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 392 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 240 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 278 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 227 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 277 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 222 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 248 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 256 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 282 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 572 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 272 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 278 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 263 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 511 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 299 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 265 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 275 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 308 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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