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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1686 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 398 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 316 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 375 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 317 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 227 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 223 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 231 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 228 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 218 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 217 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 218 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 182 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 214 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 193 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 204 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 204 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 157 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 150 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 284 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 147 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 186 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 125 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 206 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 213 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 268 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 146 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 231 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 236 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 193 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 210 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 209 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 197 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 271 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 232 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 172 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 146 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 117 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 145 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 156 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 153 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 147 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 154 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 151 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 155 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 165 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 159 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 131 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 189 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 142 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 226 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 210 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 120 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 279 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 195 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 145 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 121 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 157 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 189 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 133 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 226 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 145 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 223 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 167 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 140 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 141 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 137 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 154 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 135 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 148 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 170 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 128 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 120 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 133 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 117 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 149 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 120 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 119 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 106 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 135 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 141 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 220 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 157 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 90 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 101 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 121 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 264 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 121 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 124 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 142 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 129 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 217 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 119 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 146 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 117 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 158 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 127 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 133 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 107 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 121 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 315 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 137 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 137 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 331 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 168 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 157 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 112 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 197 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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