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The fact that we see (as in Clapham Junction, Malta) many parallel and close tracks following the same path and converging/ diverging at common points is a clear indication they were going from same point A to same point B, and the fact they are so numerous, visibly more than necessary, is an indication that the effect of soft limestone wear by transport of heavy loads obliged to save rails and to minimize the passages.

Or it made it necessary to regularly create new close and parallel rails in case of too important depth in formers. Note that it was also possible to fill in the bottom of rails with gravels, in flat and horizontal zones, to delay the wear.

In many cases, you have the feeling that a rails path was modified to connect to another one, in order to connect in a new pair of rails by abandoning a part of the former.
_

Optimized paths could have been defined considering slopes, distance and location of "point A" and "point B". Then, it was not a big deal to engrave a line of passage to be followed for the first transportations, so creating initial tracks to be followed afterwards. Of course, such a process would be impossible on the totally disturbed terrain we see today, but long, long ago, the soil must have been smooth and much less damaged by erosion (and catastrophes, think of boulders hurled on ground by giant waves).

I live in a limestone region, with numerous stones just below ground in my garden. When necessary, it's relatively easy to break them with a pickaxe, and to reshape some border stones with a small (but strong) hoe.
Hard stone neolithic tools could do the job on soft limestone (of course, not the same story on granitic stones).

You proposed a part of this explanation with your examples of real railways, Clapham Junction in London and old fashioned signal box. Clapham junction in Malta looks random at first sight and at human eyes height, but walking around the zone and checking on aerial views makes you realize that there was here a sort of deliberate planning to fulfill organization needs.

Elsewhere, I don't know.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1858 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 496 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 377 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 451 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 376 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 298 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 278 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 301 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 290 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 260 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 274 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 269 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 230 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 276 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 246 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 252 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 268 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 213 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 204 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 330 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 190 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 236 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 179 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 262 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 280 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 333 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 192 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 289 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 292 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 231 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 268 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 265 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 263 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 339 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 288 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 242 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 202 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 169 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 193 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 216 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 208 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 195 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 210 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 204 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 253 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 221 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 207 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 175 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 301 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 193 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 290 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 259 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 169 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 366 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 264 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 205 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 179 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 232 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 238 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 194 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 277 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 318 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 219 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 194 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 188 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 192 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 202 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 198 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 220 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 195 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 188 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 176 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 223 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 170 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 184 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 156 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 187 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 199 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 291 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 213 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 146 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 166 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 165 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 225 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 331 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 181 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 185 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 210 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 214 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 184 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 318 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 201 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 168 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 217 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 180 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 194 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 164 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 197 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 436 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 202 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 222 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 425 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 226 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 214 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 186 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 259 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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