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The problem I see with stone balls is that they seem a good solution for final stones setting up, but not for transportation.

Indeed the stone balls friction against transported slabs would create unwanted deep traces.
Of course they would generate a minimum of drag friction and their rotation would help any supporting structure to move easily forward, but as with rollers, it would be necessary to be replace them quickly in front of the moving structure all along the way. That may cause handling and control difficulties in slopes, mainly downwards.
And malta is not that flat.

Many of those stone balls are visible in Tarxien and I do believe they were used to move stones at temples construction sites, to help set them up.
Perhaps they may have been used in the beginning of tracks creation process to generate the initial shape after a first carving, if it was the case, but not afterwards, I think.

Then, when tracks are initiated, classical cart could be used, even in very remote times.

Then two questions raise:
1-If linked with temples times(Obvious large consumer of heavy stone slabs), temples that are very old and maybe much older than mainstream thinks, the hypothetized cart was running on full wooden wheels without metal rims perhaps. How could wood wear limestone?
2-Metal rims came with bronze age, and the fact that ruts run underwater or off cliffs prove they are very, very old. So did metal rim that could explain the depth of many ruts come too late in the frame?

Answers:
In their document "The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach",Derek Mottershead, Alastair Pearson & Martin Schaefer exposed scientific measurements that show how wood can wear out limestone. Think also how wood can be hardened with fire, and that cart wooden wheels can be replaced in a good maintenance process.
The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach

Then, we may infer that quarries remained in usage during bronze age, punic, greek and roman eras, allowing usage of metal rimmed wheels which deepened the tracks to a limit.
The presence of punic tombs cut right across in the way of cart ruts, so interrupting them, shows that ruts existed before maybe Phoenicians.

The fact that they run underwater and off cliffs shows that they preceeded the catastrophes in the Mediterranean, maybe the same which damaged the temples, or even before. We are now dealing with several thousand of years.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)



Edited 4 time(s). Last edit at 17-Aug-19 20:04 by Mike D.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1913 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 520 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 391 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 490 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 401 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 326 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 304 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 316 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 314 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 274 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 295 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 291 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 247 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 303 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 274 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 275 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 281 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 236 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 221 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 341 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 202 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 254 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 204 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 294 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 302 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 355 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 204 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 303 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 322 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 243 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 285 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 289 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 275 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 352 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 330 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 258 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 237 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 187 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 205 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 236 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 221 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 208 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 223 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 229 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 276 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 239 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 225 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 201 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 337 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 222 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 307 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 273 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 200 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 387 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 286 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 231 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 191 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 262 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 249 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 215 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 300 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 216 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 340 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 218 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 202 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 205 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 251 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 215 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 221 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 245 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 232 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 216 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 237 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 195 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 209 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 173 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 214 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 312 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 235 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 161 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 179 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 180 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 252 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 354 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 199 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 196 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 231 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 228 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 334 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 199 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 224 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 189 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 234 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 194 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 212 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 191 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 222 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 481 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 220 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 243 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 223 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 449 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 248 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 228 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 211 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 272 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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