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The problem I see with stone balls is that they seem a good solution for final stones setting up, but not for transportation.

Indeed the stone balls friction against transported slabs would create unwanted deep traces.
Of course they would generate a minimum of drag friction and their rotation would help any supporting structure to move easily forward, but as with rollers, it would be necessary to be replace them quickly in front of the moving structure all along the way. That may cause handling and control difficulties in slopes, mainly downwards.
And malta is not that flat.

Many of those stone balls are visible in Tarxien and I do believe they were used to move stones at temples construction sites, to help set them up.
Perhaps they may have been used in the beginning of tracks creation process to generate the initial shape after a first carving, if it was the case, but not afterwards, I think.

Then, when tracks are initiated, classical cart could be used, even in very remote times.

Then two questions raise:
1-If linked with temples times(Obvious large consumer of heavy stone slabs), temples that are very old and maybe much older than mainstream thinks, the hypothetized cart was running on full wooden wheels without metal rims perhaps. How could wood wear limestone?
2-Metal rims came with bronze age, and the fact that ruts run underwater or off cliffs prove they are very, very old. So did metal rim that could explain the depth of many ruts come too late in the frame?

Answers:
In their document "The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach",Derek Mottershead, Alastair Pearson & Martin Schaefer exposed scientific measurements that show how wood can wear out limestone. Think also how wood can be hardened with fire, and that cart wooden wheels can be replaced in a good maintenance process.
The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach

Then, we may infer that quarries remained in usage during bronze age, punic, greek and roman eras, allowing usage of metal rimmed wheels which deepened the tracks to a limit.
The presence of punic tombs cut right across in the way of cart ruts, so interrupting them, shows that ruts existed before maybe Phoenicians.

The fact that they run underwater and off cliffs shows that they preceeded the catastrophes in the Mediterranean, maybe the same which damaged the temples, or even before. We are now dealing with several thousand of years.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)



Edited 4 time(s). Last edit at 17-Aug-19 20:04 by Mike D.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1796 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 449 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 352 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 427 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 354 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 273 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 255 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 273 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 264 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 243 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 251 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 252 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 211 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 256 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 226 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 235 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 245 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 192 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 181 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 312 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 173 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 217 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 155 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 241 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 256 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 310 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 174 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 255 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 264 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 213 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 247 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 242 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 235 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 303 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 258 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 216 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 183 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 146 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 175 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 200 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 187 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 176 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 191 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 187 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 226 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 200 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 187 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 158 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 255 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 172 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 269 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 240 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 145 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 338 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 246 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 185 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 157 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 196 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 218 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 168 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 261 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 171 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 288 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 170 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 170 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 202 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 173 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 180 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 170 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 170 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 152 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 150 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 165 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 137 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 171 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 176 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 271 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 194 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 127 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 139 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 150 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 200 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 306 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 156 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 163 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 187 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 191 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 275 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 155 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 146 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 196 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 164 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 139 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 389 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 183 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 201 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 177 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 394 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 203 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 194 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 153 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 243 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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