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The problem I see with stone balls is that they seem a good solution for final stones setting up, but not for transportation.

Indeed the stone balls friction against transported slabs would create unwanted deep traces.
Of course they would generate a minimum of drag friction and their rotation would help any supporting structure to move easily forward, but as with rollers, it would be necessary to be replace them quickly in front of the moving structure all along the way. That may cause handling and control difficulties in slopes, mainly downwards.
And malta is not that flat.

Many of those stone balls are visible in Tarxien and I do believe they were used to move stones at temples construction sites, to help set them up.
Perhaps they may have been used in the beginning of tracks creation process to generate the initial shape after a first carving, if it was the case, but not afterwards, I think.

Then, when tracks are initiated, classical cart could be used, even in very remote times.

Then two questions raise:
1-If linked with temples times(Obvious large consumer of heavy stone slabs), temples that are very old and maybe much older than mainstream thinks, the hypothetized cart was running on full wooden wheels without metal rims perhaps. How could wood wear limestone?
2-Metal rims came with bronze age, and the fact that ruts run underwater or off cliffs prove they are very, very old. So did metal rim that could explain the depth of many ruts come too late in the frame?

Answers:
In their document "The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach",Derek Mottershead, Alastair Pearson & Martin Schaefer exposed scientific measurements that show how wood can wear out limestone. Think also how wood can be hardened with fire, and that cart wooden wheels can be replaced in a good maintenance process.
The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach

Then, we may infer that quarries remained in usage during bronze age, punic, greek and roman eras, allowing usage of metal rimmed wheels which deepened the tracks to a limit.
The presence of punic tombs cut right across in the way of cart ruts, so interrupting them, shows that ruts existed before maybe Phoenicians.

The fact that they run underwater and off cliffs shows that they preceeded the catastrophes in the Mediterranean, maybe the same which damaged the temples, or even before. We are now dealing with several thousand of years.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)



Edited 4 time(s). Last edit at 17-Aug-19 20:04 by Mike D.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1865 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 500 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 379 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 456 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 378 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 302 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 279 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 305 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 293 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 263 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 276 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 275 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 232 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 284 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 249 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 254 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 270 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 217 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 208 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 333 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 192 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 239 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 181 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 266 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 281 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 334 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 195 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 290 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 297 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 232 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 270 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 266 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 265 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 342 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 289 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 244 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 206 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 171 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 195 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 220 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 209 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 198 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 212 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 205 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 255 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 224 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 213 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 178 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 306 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 198 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 294 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 261 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 175 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 371 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 268 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 211 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 181 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 235 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 240 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 195 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 280 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 206 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 321 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 221 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 196 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 190 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 194 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 237 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 205 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 201 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 225 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 198 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 185 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 191 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 179 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 225 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 173 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 186 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 159 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 190 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 201 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 294 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 215 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 148 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 167 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 227 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 336 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 187 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 212 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 217 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 188 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 322 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 177 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 202 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 222 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 196 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 201 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 438 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 206 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 226 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 208 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 431 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 227 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 216 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 189 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 261 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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