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The problem I see with stone balls is that they seem a good solution for final stones setting up, but not for transportation.

Indeed the stone balls friction against transported slabs would create unwanted deep traces.
Of course they would generate a minimum of drag friction and their rotation would help any supporting structure to move easily forward, but as with rollers, it would be necessary to be replace them quickly in front of the moving structure all along the way. That may cause handling and control difficulties in slopes, mainly downwards.
And malta is not that flat.

Many of those stone balls are visible in Tarxien and I do believe they were used to move stones at temples construction sites, to help set them up.
Perhaps they may have been used in the beginning of tracks creation process to generate the initial shape after a first carving, if it was the case, but not afterwards, I think.

Then, when tracks are initiated, classical cart could be used, even in very remote times.

Then two questions raise:
1-If linked with temples times(Obvious large consumer of heavy stone slabs), temples that are very old and maybe much older than mainstream thinks, the hypothetized cart was running on full wooden wheels without metal rims perhaps. How could wood wear limestone?
2-Metal rims came with bronze age, and the fact that ruts run underwater or off cliffs prove they are very, very old. So did metal rim that could explain the depth of many ruts come too late in the frame?

Answers:
In their document "The cart ruts of Malta: an applied geomorphology approach",Derek Mottershead, Alastair Pearson & Martin Schaefer exposed scientific measurements that show how wood can wear out limestone. Think also how wood can be hardened with fire, and that cart wooden wheels can be replaced in a good maintenance process.
(The Cart Ruts of Malta_An applied geomorphology approach))
Then, we may infer that quarries remained in usage during bronze age, punic, greek and roman eras, allowing usage of metal rimmed wheels which deepened the tracks to a limit.
The presence of punic tombs cut right across in the way of cart ruts, so interrupting them, shows that ruts existed before maybe Phoenicians.
The fact that they run underwater and off cliffs shows that they preceeded the catastrophes in the Mediterranean, maybe the same which damaged the temples, or even before. We are now dealing with several thousand of years.

Michel Demaria (retired engineer, France)



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 26-Nov-17 16:05 by Mike D.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Clapham Junction Malta 1726 Rstevens1701 16-Oct-17 15:26
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 421 Origyptian 16-Oct-17 18:45
this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 333 Racho 16-Oct-17 22:45
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 398 Tsurugi 17-Oct-17 04:55
Not carts. 334 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 07:14
Re: Not carts. 243 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:00
Re: Not carts. 236 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 20:17
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 244 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 07:28
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 240 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 08:29
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 228 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 15:08
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 230 Jon Ellison 17-Oct-17 16:56
ships on land 231 molder 17-Oct-17 22:43
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 193 molder 18-Oct-17 12:22
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 231 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 13:00
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 206 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 17:23
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 217 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 18:26
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 216 Jon Ellison 18-Oct-17 19:01
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 173 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:44
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 164 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:36
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 295 molder 08-Nov-17 10:34
Re: ships on land thousands of slaves dug tracks at corinth 160 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 05:55
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 201 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 01:53
Re: this is at odds with Newearth/Russian scientist findings/conclusions 137 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:47
Black Tracks 217 Barbelo 19-Oct-17 01:59
Re: Black Tracks 228 randompHactor 19-Oct-17 02:16
Re: Black Tracks 286 Barbelo 21-Oct-17 00:20
Re: Black Tracks 160 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 03:51
Turkey Tracks 242 Barbelo 17-Oct-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 249 Origyptian 17-Oct-17 23:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 204 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 02:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 225 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 02:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 220 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 03:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 212 Origyptian 18-Oct-17 04:22
Re: Turkey Tracks 287 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 05:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 243 Barbelo 18-Oct-17 23:54
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 187 Jon Ellison 19-Oct-17 01:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 2 159 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 19:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 129 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 04:07
Re: Turkey Tracks 159 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 05:00
Re: Turkey Tracks 172 Tsurugi 07-Nov-17 18:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 167 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 19:15
Re: Turkey Tracks 160 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 19:20
Re: Turkey Tracks 169 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:03
Re: Turkey Tracks 164 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 20:12
Re: Turkey Tracks 207 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 20:34
Re: Turkey Tracks 179 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 21:21
Re: Turkey Tracks 169 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:44
Re: Turkey Tracks 144 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 22:51
Re: Turkey Tracks 208 Origyptian 07-Nov-17 22:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 155 Jon Ellison 07-Nov-17 23:52
Re: Turkey Tracks 246 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:38
Re: Turkey Tracks 225 Jon Ellison 08-Nov-17 09:58
Re: Turkey Tracks 131 Tsurugi 09-Nov-17 02:40
Re: Turkey Tracks 304 Jon Ellison 09-Nov-17 08:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 217 Tsurugi 25-Nov-17 08:10
Re: Turkey Tracks 160 Mike D 26-Nov-17 16:57
Re: Turkey Tracks 139 Jon Ellison 26-Nov-17 18:08
Re: Turkey Tracks 171 Mike D 27-Nov-17 09:47
Re: Turkey Tracks 203 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:16
Re: Turkey Tracks 144 Barbelo 07-Nov-17 21:26
Re: Turkey Tracks 247 Tsurugi 08-Nov-17 08:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 155 Anonymous User 07-Nov-17 22:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 247 Mike D 25-Nov-17 13:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 179 molder 25-Nov-17 20:51
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 156 Mike D 26-Nov-17 12:46
The Diolkos 154 molder 26-Nov-17 21:36
Re: The Diolkos 150 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 26-Nov-17 13:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 151 Tsurugi 27-Nov-17 09:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 163 Mike D 27-Nov-17 10:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 186 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 11:07
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 146 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:27
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 134 Jon Ellison 27-Nov-17 18:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 144 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 131 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 11:03
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Mike D 28-Nov-17 11:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 135 Jon Ellison 28-Nov-17 13:43
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 135 Mike D 28-Nov-17 14:55
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 123 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 16:05
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 149 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:22
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 157 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 03:16
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 245 Mike D 29-Nov-17 09:54
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 173 Origyptian 29-Nov-17 15:06
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 105 Mike D 30-Nov-17 11:25
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 113 Jon Ellison 30-Nov-17 12:41
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 134 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 13:56
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 164 Mike D 30-Nov-17 14:11
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 286 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 15:32
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 137 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:49
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 140 Mike D 28-Nov-17 18:28
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 164 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 04:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 169 Mike D 28-Nov-17 10:46
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 142 Origyptian 27-Nov-17 15:48
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 240 Mike D 27-Nov-17 16:40
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 135 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 05:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 162 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:50
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 130 Origyptian 28-Nov-17 15:34
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Mike D 29-Nov-17 18:23
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 140 Origyptian 30-Nov-17 05:15
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 153 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 05:09
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 116 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:44
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 140 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:18
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 344 Audrey 28-Nov-17 03:14
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 155 Mike D 28-Nov-17 09:39
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 170 Tsurugi 28-Nov-17 18:30
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 149 molder 28-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 357 molder 18-Nov-17 22:20
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 182 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:35
Re: Clapham Junction Malta 175 Mike D 23-Nov-17 21:46
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 129 molder 30-Nov-17 05:22
Re: Chariot Tracks on The Streets of Pompeii 214 Mike D 30-Nov-17 10:59


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