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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 1591 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 267 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 240 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 214 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 193 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 165 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 178 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 184 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 148 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 217 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 151 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 111 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 166 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 165 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 131 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 112 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 105 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 102 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 126 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 91 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 158 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 135 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 101 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 107 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 99 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 107 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 98 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 99 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 97 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 104 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 92 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 80 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 113 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 122 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 129 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 109 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 140 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 89 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 120 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 72 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 98 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 102 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 112 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 101 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 98 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 105 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 91 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 95 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 85 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 83 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 95 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 100 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 91 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 93 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 105 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 83 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 91 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 100 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 151 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 120 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 108 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 99 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 103 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 102 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 116 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 130 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 111 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 116 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 144 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 108 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 102 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 75 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 85 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 83 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 102 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 54 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 55 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 52 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 55 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 52 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 49 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 56 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 155 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 120 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 129 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 89 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 85 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 70 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 83 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 89 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 85 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 57 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 99 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 109 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 76 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 67 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 57 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 111 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 55 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 97 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 89 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 91 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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