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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 2211 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 437 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 420 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 403 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 337 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 288 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 303 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 295 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 323 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 248 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 365 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 323 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 331 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 307 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 257 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 237 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 310 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 309 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 276 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 222 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 226 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 199 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 235 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 196 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 283 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 238 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 269 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 247 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 247 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 237 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 228 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 195 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 191 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 211 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 187 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 245 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 203 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 174 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 236 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 205 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 270 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 350 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 285 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 261 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 293 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 231 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 219 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 204 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 220 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 269 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 205 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 237 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 199 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 223 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 260 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 191 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 204 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 194 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 192 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 212 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 176 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 219 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 232 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 217 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 213 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 226 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 162 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 222 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 245 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 332 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 281 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 232 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 230 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 158 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 204 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 226 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 252 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 180 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 296 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 253 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 272 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 229 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 227 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 215 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 193 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 192 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 176 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 230 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 217 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 120 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 139 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 142 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 158 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 98 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 170 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 143 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 259 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 205 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 304 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 211 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 220 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 251 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 237 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 192 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 191 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 170 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 226 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 130 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 215 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 213 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 206 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 169 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 213 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 178 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 122 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 141 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 243 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 140 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 199 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 199 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 236 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 259 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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