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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 2523 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 513 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 484 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 478 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 426 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 357 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 337 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 362 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 377 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 391 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 300 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 443 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 391 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 427 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 366 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 310 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 302 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 378 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 392 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 337 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 273 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 294 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 255 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 301 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 252 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 349 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 325 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 343 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 250 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 300 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 294 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 268 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 293 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 251 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 247 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 283 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 265 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 246 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 296 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 304 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 263 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 265 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 242 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 285 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 291 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 306 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 339 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 284 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 461 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 373 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 339 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 134 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 381 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 295 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 279 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 266 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 332 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 264 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 302 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 236 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 246 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 272 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 278 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 350 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 268 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 245 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 266 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 251 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 252 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 283 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 276 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 284 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 296 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 274 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 269 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 286 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 223 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 291 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 316 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 421 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 364 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 285 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 292 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 299 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 295 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 272 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 257 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 290 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 251 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 311 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 249 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 302 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 267 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 367 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 272 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 310 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 351 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 293 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 289 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 238 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 274 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 269 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 244 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 253 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 248 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 240 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 269 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 292 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 235 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 274 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 177 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 193 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 210 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 234 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 206 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 307 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 245 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 261 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 393 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 314 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 299 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 272 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 240 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 284 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 334 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 240 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 314 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 246 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 247 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 243 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 281 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 238 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 251 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 267 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 235 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 256 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 232 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 245 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 178 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 206 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 310 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 206 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 252 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 254 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 295 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 314 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 217 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 184 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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