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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 2761 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 581 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 542 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 539 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 499 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 423 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 402 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 423 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 429 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 430 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 347 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 512 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 463 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 498 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 419 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 365 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 340 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 430 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 459 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 381 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 319 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 342 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 296 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 352 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 308 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 395 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 388 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 400 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 303 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 369 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 356 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 343 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 306 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 337 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 309 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 294 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 336 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 335 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 282 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 354 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 370 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 298 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 296 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 340 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 350 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 349 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 308 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 376 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 334 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 358 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 548 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 440 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 374 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 171 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 432 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 334 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 313 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 333 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 348 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 392 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 314 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 348 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 305 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 320 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 331 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 416 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 317 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 284 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 305 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 327 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 303 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 312 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 291 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 290 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 349 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 281 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 319 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 333 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 342 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 317 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 310 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 321 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 281 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 353 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 387 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 463 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 400 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 322 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 338 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 356 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 356 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 322 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 315 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 340 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 229 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 307 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 327 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 293 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 353 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 302 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 360 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 294 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 412 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 334 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 350 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 408 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 333 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 342 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 293 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 305 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 317 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 327 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 351 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 315 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 283 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 297 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 318 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 214 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 227 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 260 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 263 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 197 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 283 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 370 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 319 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 304 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 448 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 379 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 353 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 316 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 284 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 352 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 407 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 326 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 287 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 387 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 298 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 303 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 309 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 299 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 325 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 336 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 281 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 322 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 335 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 312 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 289 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 320 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 305 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 300 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 287 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 253 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 269 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 366 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 263 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 322 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 304 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 370 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 377 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 244 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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