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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 1532 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 254 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 247 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 222 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 148 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 154 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 151 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 164 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 187 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 164 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 154 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 143 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 139 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 95 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 145 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 148 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 113 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 96 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 90 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 84 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 106 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 74 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 136 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 98 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 99 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 105 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 83 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 80 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 80 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 101 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 86 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 107 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 89 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 112 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 98 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 69 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 73 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 93 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 64 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 95 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 95 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 95 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 72 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 81 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 71 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 60 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 77 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 86 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 77 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 71 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 67 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 74 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 61 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 75 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 64 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 70 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 78 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 73 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 78 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 73 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 70 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 67 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 77 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 113 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 86 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 83 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 71 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 73 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 80 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 67 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 72 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 112 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 88 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 86 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 107 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 83 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 60 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 66 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 59 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 72 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 63 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 61 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 72 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 64 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 69 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 71 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 66 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 47 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 47 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 46 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 47 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 66 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 45 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 43 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 49 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 132 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 71 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 68 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 101 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 75 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 71 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 73 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 62 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 60 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 69 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 68 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 50 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 62 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 69 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 70 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 51 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 81 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 90 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 80 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 75 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 70 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 94 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 114 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 64 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 66 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 60 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 51 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 98 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 48 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 79 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 81 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 81 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 77 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 84 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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