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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 2005 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 402 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 384 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 371 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 313 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 267 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 250 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 274 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 263 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 298 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 332 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 297 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 290 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 279 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 230 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 281 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 278 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 249 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 193 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 205 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 175 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 209 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 171 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 215 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 226 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 223 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 213 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 180 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 203 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 169 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 191 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 167 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 202 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 169 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 199 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 213 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 213 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 189 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 266 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 259 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 236 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 255 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 212 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 194 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 240 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 161 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 187 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 197 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 228 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 176 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 164 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 159 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 192 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 191 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 205 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 189 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 190 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 199 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 144 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 198 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 219 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 287 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 200 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 199 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 189 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 223 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 214 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 263 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 205 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 251 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 199 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 206 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 165 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 187 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 184 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 165 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 167 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 200 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 158 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 169 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 195 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 96 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 122 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 139 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 85 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 97 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 150 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 234 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 276 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 232 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 197 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 219 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 164 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 209 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 171 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 147 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 196 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 162 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 110 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 195 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 184 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 189 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 171 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 143 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 154 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 99 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 125 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 216 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 127 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 235 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 145 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 147 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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