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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 1873 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 365 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 352 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 335 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 289 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 242 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 222 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 243 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 228 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 265 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 206 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 296 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 255 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 243 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 235 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 209 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 247 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 237 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 211 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 163 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 176 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 147 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 179 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 149 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 230 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 187 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 200 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 201 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 192 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 152 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 145 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 162 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 144 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 127 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 182 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 193 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 157 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 205 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 154 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 205 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 91 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 212 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 162 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 149 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 165 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 204 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 140 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 140 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 157 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 183 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 152 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 149 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 149 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 148 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 145 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 144 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 137 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 157 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 174 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 153 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 162 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 166 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 125 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 164 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 179 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 235 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 211 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 170 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 176 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 176 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 142 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 152 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 137 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 149 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 148 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 132 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 185 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 162 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 222 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 169 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 140 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 157 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 152 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 133 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 143 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 135 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 149 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 149 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 133 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 135 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 76 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 77 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 100 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 101 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 68 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 69 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 104 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 207 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 137 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 155 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 227 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 195 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 142 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 144 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 171 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 159 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 134 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 175 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 135 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 133 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 144 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 133 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 163 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 162 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 137 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 87 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 172 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 180 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 155 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 148 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 119 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 124 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 85 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 100 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 183 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 101 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 155 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 180 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 206 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 115 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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