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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 1740 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 322 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 322 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 296 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 260 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 190 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 208 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 232 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 269 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 222 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 213 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 182 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 145 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 212 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 206 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 178 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 142 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 145 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 126 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 157 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 120 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 201 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 143 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 167 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 171 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 161 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 159 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 129 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 147 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 129 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 131 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 136 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 130 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 124 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 148 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 158 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 123 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 142 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 155 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 131 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 167 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 134 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 177 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 127 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 127 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 173 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 163 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 82 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 151 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 129 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 139 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 163 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 112 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 110 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 127 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 150 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 124 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 122 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 123 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 123 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 120 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 116 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 124 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 135 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 147 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 129 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 131 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 143 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 106 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 132 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 140 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 196 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 144 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 139 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 146 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 119 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 125 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 117 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 121 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 133 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 124 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 154 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 110 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 136 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 181 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 147 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 153 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 197 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 147 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 115 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 127 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 107 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 112 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 103 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 115 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 111 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 110 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 107 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 136 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 65 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 64 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 75 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 81 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 97 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 57 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 57 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 103 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 78 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 180 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 114 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 124 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 162 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 166 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 122 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 118 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 136 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 130 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 124 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 106 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 113 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 108 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 111 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 110 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 133 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 114 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 67 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 142 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 156 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 138 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 130 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 102 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 141 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 139 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 101 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 104 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 75 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 79 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 147 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 80 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 126 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 128 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 147 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 179 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 102 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 108 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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