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If I recall correctly, in that part of Egypt the weather was from the north. This means when it rained or when sand blew, it usually came from north to south. It also follows that the open portals on G1's north face will tend to accumulate sand and water more than those on the south face. This is exactly what's been reported for the KC shafts and also the Main Entrance.

For example, Gantenbrink reported that the north KC shaft and that the shaft contained a lot of sand. I don't recall him reporting that the southern KC shaft had as much sand. I also don't recall Gantenbrink describing a hole lot of guano in the shaft. Are there any old photos of the southern shaft? I haven't come across any that show a similar stain.

Likewise, limestone powder was reported by Edgar to have been found at the bottom of the DP that was hardened into cement that was barely discernable from the limestone bedrock of the walls of that passage. Edgar postulated that the hardened "cement" was the result of water from the northern rains over centuries that picked up limestone powder in the passage and flowed down to the bottom where it hardened into "rock" as it adhered to the corner formed by the floor and the wall. When he chipped off that cement, he found a preserved worm in it.

Likewise, the stain on the KC wall below the northern shaft in Rutherford's photo is likely similar residual limestone power washed down from rain that collected into the KC's open shaft over the centuries.

There is no compelling reason to assume the KC shaft was designed to be open to the outside environment from the beginning. First, we know that the QC shafts aren't open to the outside. Second, we don't know whether the casing skin may have sealed the upper portal of that shaft (fwiw, Zahi asserts in Whitehead's Djedi paper that this was the case). This would mean that the stain on the KC wall is the result of limestone power accumulation only for the past 1200 years, of from the time the casing were stripped off, allegedly circa 800 AD which is a plausible amount of time to accumulate such a subtle stain from such a narrow, long shaft of masonry in which limestone power could certainly have accumulated over the millennia.

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How can any of us ever know, when all we can do is think?

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Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 2473 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 14:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 498 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 15:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 473 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 467 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 385 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 338 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 323 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 348 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 16:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 354 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 16:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 376 Jon Ellison 13-Aug-17 17:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 285 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 428 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 18:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 374 Romulus the 2nd 13-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 406 Thanos5150 13-Aug-17 23:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 354 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 08:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 298 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 10:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 280 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:38
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 360 Howard West 13-Aug-17 23:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 370 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 00:40
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 328 Howard West 14-Aug-17 14:59
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 258 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 10:35
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 276 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:41
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 243 D-Archer 15-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Where the salt water came from 286 Howard West 15-Aug-17 14:44
Re: Water marks on Queen's Chamber 238 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 333 Thunderbird 14-Aug-17 00:48
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 293 gulsbo 15-Aug-17 16:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 328 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 231 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 299 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 09:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 289 Merrell 14-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 280 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 12:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 249 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 16:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 280 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 19:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 245 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 234 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 22:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 253 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 235 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 00:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 276 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 00:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 292 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 07:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 249 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 23:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 cladking 15-Aug-17 00:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 277 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 12:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 14:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 276 Thunderbird 15-Aug-17 01:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 250 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 15:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 317 cladking 14-Aug-17 17:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 257 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 19:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:40
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 435 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 16:37
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 349 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 17:52
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 319 M. J. Thomas 14-Aug-17 20:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 127 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 362 Thanos5150 14-Aug-17 21:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 274 Romulus the 2nd 14-Aug-17 22:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 264 Jon Ellison 14-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 250 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 12:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 319 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 14:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 249 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 15:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 16:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 21:11
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 232 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 22:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 249 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 23:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 15:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 266 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 16:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 328 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 16:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 257 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 19:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 232 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 20:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 244 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 22:14
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 237 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 20:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 254 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:24
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 241 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 21:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 237 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 22:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:38
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 220 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 23:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 261 M. J. Thomas 15-Aug-17 23:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 268 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:49
Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 284 Dr. Troglodyte 15-Aug-17 23:45
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 259 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:47
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 253 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 01:05
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 274 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:38
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 210 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 14:03
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 271 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:17
Re: Great Step ‘V-Shape’ Depression 299 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 22:44
mise–en–scène 399 Dr. Troglodyte 16-Aug-17 23:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 337 Origyptian 14-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 269 Romulus the 2nd 15-Aug-17 11:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 Jon Ellison 15-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 275 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 13:46
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 276 Thanos5150 15-Aug-17 20:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 263 Origyptian 15-Aug-17 21:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 250 Apap 15-Aug-17 23:33
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 260 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 00:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 186 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:13
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 240 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:25
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 01:31
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 229 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 03:47
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 301 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 04:41
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 230 Origyptian 16-Aug-17 12:29
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 291 Thanos5150 16-Aug-17 14:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 245 Jon Ellison 16-Aug-17 13:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 348 Romulus the 2nd 16-Aug-17 21:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 17:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 298 cladking 17-Aug-17 18:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 331 eyeofhorus33 17-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 280 cladking 17-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 273 Romulus the 2nd 17-Aug-17 23:18
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:42
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 16:56
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 253 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 230 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:44
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 21:07
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 218 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 22:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 253 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:35
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 227 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 279 Thanos5150 18-Aug-17 23:30
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 239 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:32
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 225 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 23:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 228 Apap 19-Aug-17 00:03
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 262 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:08
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 168 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 10:00
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 164 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:21
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 180 Jon Ellison 22-Aug-17 11:39
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 184 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 198 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 12:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 129 Romulus the 2nd 22-Aug-17 21:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 160 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:01
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Audrey 23-Aug-17 02:09
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 188 Origyptian 23-Aug-17 04:06
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 294 Jon Ellison 23-Aug-17 08:57
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 228 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 00:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 248 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:34
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 377 Apap 17-Aug-17 18:45
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 303 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 00:36
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 286 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 10:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 17:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 226 M. J. Thomas 18-Aug-17 18:22
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 271 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:12
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 312 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:23
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 252 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 19:49
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 228 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 16:50
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 284 Apap 18-Aug-17 18:05
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 233 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:20
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 234 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 19:58
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 245 Jon Ellison 18-Aug-17 20:28
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 224 Origyptian 18-Aug-17 20:15
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 255 Romulus the 2nd 18-Aug-17 20:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 266 Apap 18-Aug-17 22:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 227 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:10
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 169 Romulus the 2nd 20-Aug-17 21:59
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 263 DUNE 19-Aug-17 12:16
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 246 M. J. Thomas 19-Aug-17 20:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 258 Jon Ellison 19-Aug-17 22:04
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 255 DUNE 19-Aug-17 22:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 219 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 23:17
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 257 Origyptian 21-Aug-17 03:02
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 244 Jon Ellison 21-Aug-17 09:27
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 216 Origyptian 22-Aug-17 05:21
Re: KC Watertight flooring 229 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:46
Re: KC Watertight flooring 165 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:00
Re: KC Watertight flooring 187 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:34
Re: KC Watertight flooring 289 Jon Ellison 20-Aug-17 07:41
Re: KC Watertight flooring 186 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 17:26
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 236 Apap 18-Aug-17 21:43
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 242 Dr. Troglodyte 18-Aug-17 22:54
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 285 Apap 18-Aug-17 23:51
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 302 Origyptian 19-Aug-17 15:53
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 212 M. J. Thomas 20-Aug-17 00:55
Re: Water marks on King's Chamber shaft opening 177 Origyptian 20-Aug-17 04:15


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