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Paul,

For the philosopher, one introspects--and it works, sort of . . .

The scientist demands evidence: an independent/dependent variable, and a causal relationship, best expressed in a statistically significant differences.

There are two major ways--always relying on introspection to guide observation.

1. One way to study consciousness, is to carefully observe behavior. Best observable indicators are respiration, muscular body movements (controlled vs. reflexive), eye movements, head movements, in response to a stimulus.

2. Second way to study consciousness is to monitor neurological activities in the brain. This is devilishly difficult because the human skull attenuates neurological signals. Thus, one records only echoes of neural activities only vaguely connected to various parts of the brain.

This Method 2 study adds to the research design difficulty by using groups of patients who have been given psychedelic drugs (although only two of the three drugs administered were clearly psychedelic).

Finding different apparent locations of neural excitation in a correlational sort of way in comparison to sleep or a non drugged states tends to lead to a shrug: so what?

Does that really show heightened consciousness?

This is not very convincing.

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 666 Apollo355 14-Apr-17 09:45
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 115 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 09:54
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 130 Martin Stower 14-Apr-17 11:45
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 112 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 12:07
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 101 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-17 13:28
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 90 bobbymac 14-Apr-17 16:44
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 86 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 17:08
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 92 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-17 17:52
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 103 carolb 14-Apr-17 18:41
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 82 bobbymac 14-Apr-17 18:30
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 83 Apollo355 15-Apr-17 10:02
Re: something like a near death experience 76 Orpheus 15-Apr-17 12:27
Re: something like a near death experience 72 Susan Doris 15-Apr-17 12:46
Re: something like a near death experience 82 drrayeye 15-Apr-17 17:37
Re: something like a near death experience 93 Orpheus 15-Apr-17 17:54
Re: something like a rose 75 Naveen 15-Apr-17 20:11
Perspectives 85 drrayeye 15-Apr-17 22:08
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 88 Eddie Larry 15-Apr-17 13:55
What scientists think "heightened state of consciousness" means 47 Nolondil 20-Apr-17 14:38
Scientific understanding of consciousness requires one to open Pandora's box 80 drrayeye 20-Apr-17 23:55
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 90 AstralDruid 15-Apr-17 15:26
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 100 Aham 26-Apr-17 12:58


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