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Paul,

For the philosopher, one introspects--and it works, sort of . . .

The scientist demands evidence: an independent/dependent variable, and a causal relationship, best expressed in a statistically significant differences.

There are two major ways--always relying on introspection to guide observation.

1. One way to study consciousness, is to carefully observe behavior. Best observable indicators are respiration, muscular body movements (controlled vs. reflexive), eye movements, head movements, in response to a stimulus.

2. Second way to study consciousness is to monitor neurological activities in the brain. This is devilishly difficult because the human skull attenuates neurological signals. Thus, one records only echoes of neural activities only vaguely connected to various parts of the brain.

This Method 2 study adds to the research design difficulty by using groups of patients who have been given psychedelic drugs (although only two of the three drugs administered were clearly psychedelic).

Finding different apparent locations of neural excitation in a correlational sort of way in comparison to sleep or a non drugged states tends to lead to a shrug: so what?

Does that really show heightened consciousness?

This is not very convincing.

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 757 Apollo355 14-Apr-17 09:45
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 154 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 09:54
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 166 Martin Stower 14-Apr-17 11:45
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 148 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 12:07
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 129 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-17 13:28
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 122 bobbymac 14-Apr-17 16:44
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 113 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 17:08
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 135 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-17 17:52
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 140 carolb 14-Apr-17 18:41
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 103 bobbymac 14-Apr-17 18:30
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 119 Apollo355 15-Apr-17 10:02
Re: something like a near death experience 111 Orpheus 15-Apr-17 12:27
Re: something like a near death experience 107 Susan Doris 15-Apr-17 12:46
Re: something like a near death experience 115 drrayeye 15-Apr-17 17:37
Re: something like a near death experience 115 Orpheus 15-Apr-17 17:54
Re: something like a rose 100 Naveen 15-Apr-17 20:11
Perspectives 127 drrayeye 15-Apr-17 22:08
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 120 Eddie Larry 15-Apr-17 13:55
What scientists think "heightened state of consciousness" means 64 Nolondil 20-Apr-17 14:38
Scientific understanding of consciousness requires one to open Pandora's box 116 drrayeye 20-Apr-17 23:55
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 119 AstralDruid 15-Apr-17 15:26
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 144 Aham 26-Apr-17 12:58


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