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Paul,

For the philosopher, one introspects--and it works, sort of . . .

The scientist demands evidence: an independent/dependent variable, and a causal relationship, best expressed in a statistically significant differences.

There are two major ways--always relying on introspection to guide observation.

1. One way to study consciousness, is to carefully observe behavior. Best observable indicators are respiration, muscular body movements (controlled vs. reflexive), eye movements, head movements, in response to a stimulus.

2. Second way to study consciousness is to monitor neurological activities in the brain. This is devilishly difficult because the human skull attenuates neurological signals. Thus, one records only echoes of neural activities only vaguely connected to various parts of the brain.

This Method 2 study adds to the research design difficulty by using groups of patients who have been given psychedelic drugs (although only two of the three drugs administered were clearly psychedelic).

Finding different apparent locations of neural excitation in a correlational sort of way in comparison to sleep or a non drugged states tends to lead to a shrug: so what?

Does that really show heightened consciousness?

This is not very convincing.

Ray

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Subject Views Written By Posted
What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 994 Apollo355 14-Apr-17 09:45
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 268 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 09:54
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 307 Martin Stower 14-Apr-17 11:45
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 266 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 12:07
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 253 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-17 13:28
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 230 bobbymac 14-Apr-17 16:44
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 182 Susan Doris 14-Apr-17 17:08
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 240 Eddie Larry 14-Apr-17 17:52
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 221 carolb 14-Apr-17 18:41
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 187 bobbymac 14-Apr-17 18:30
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 236 Apollo355 15-Apr-17 10:02
Re: something like a near death experience 202 Orpheus 15-Apr-17 12:27
Re: something like a near death experience 205 Susan Doris 15-Apr-17 12:46
Re: something like a near death experience 193 drrayeye 15-Apr-17 17:37
Re: something like a near death experience 205 Orpheus 15-Apr-17 17:54
Re: something like a rose 182 Naveen 15-Apr-17 20:11
Perspectives 222 drrayeye 15-Apr-17 22:08
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 192 Eddie Larry 15-Apr-17 13:55
What scientists think "heightened state of consciousness" means 110 Nolondil 20-Apr-17 14:38
Scientific understanding of consciousness requires one to open Pandora's box 228 drrayeye 20-Apr-17 23:55
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 230 AstralDruid 15-Apr-17 15:26
Re: What does "heightened state of consciousness" mean? 273 Aham 26-Apr-17 12:58


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