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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 24 time(s). Last edit at 01-Nov-19 02:10 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 6401 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 816 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 772 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 714 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 684 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 647 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 577 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 641 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 604 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 564 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 635 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 563 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 661 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 586 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 602 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 451 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 645 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 524 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 563 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 587 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 597 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 537 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 604 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 586 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 570 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 581 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 586 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 563 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 583 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 555 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 555 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 573 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 599 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 571 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 589 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 618 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 561 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 612 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 653 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 657 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 664 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 573 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 598 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 537 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 608 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 534 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 513 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 527 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 545 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 565 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 525 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 496 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 525 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 507 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 564 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 524 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 468 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 412 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 551 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 524 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 569 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 507 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 580 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 468 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 621 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 543 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 533 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 581 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 445 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 522 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 577 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 507 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 502 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 543 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 610 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 652 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 536 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 645 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 608 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 628 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 526 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 596 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 507 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 582 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 547 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 586 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 522 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 587 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 528 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 580 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 568 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 567 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 638 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 590 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 469 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 513 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 504 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 581 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 536 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 723 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 567 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 564 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 532 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 554 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 587 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 566 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 526 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 550 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 610 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 507 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 587 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 505 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 561 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 491 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 548 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 556 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 529 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 543 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 522 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 565 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 520 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 597 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 485 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 447 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 476 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 428 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 526 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 458 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 530 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 473 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 478 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 506 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 463 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 508 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 502 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 511 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 398 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 498 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 498 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 487 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 489 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 505 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 414 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 518 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 563 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 467 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 470 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 479 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 489 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 488 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 504 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 460 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 458 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 431 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 422 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 465 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 498 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 452 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 411 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 471 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 453 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 447 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 467 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 524 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 451 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 436 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 436 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 516 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 432 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 489 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 413 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 363 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 525 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 389 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 502 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 503 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 520 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 527 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 480 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 520 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 489 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 517 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 513 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 579 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 542 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 491 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 406 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 431 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 554 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 523 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 482 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 587 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 476 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 483 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 482 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 491 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 253 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 398 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 552 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 599 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 546 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 561 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 543 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 520 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 527 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 503 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 533 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 679 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 477 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 382 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 487 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 538 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 508 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 525 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 505 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 490 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 470 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 622 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 574 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 507 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 690 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 567 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 466 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 494 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 632 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 531 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 547 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 555 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 679 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 543 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 486 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 468 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 501 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 536 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 442 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 483 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 480 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 467 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 504 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 505 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 476 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 542 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 464 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 497 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 519 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 540 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 508 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 560 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 504 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 511 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 448 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 471 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 483 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 561 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 392 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 506 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 459 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 450 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 461 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 470 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 344 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 457 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 469 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 494 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 419 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 470 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 507 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 449 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 429 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 423 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 444 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 454 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 479 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 376 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 356 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 490 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 475 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 457 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 486 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 425 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 423 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 400 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 485 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 486 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 466 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 584 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 562 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 513 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 662 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 428 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 407 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 427 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 434 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 423 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 582 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 461 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 580 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 444 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 464 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 419 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 374 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 423 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 502 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 413 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 501 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 478 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 488 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 498 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 428 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 509 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 390 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 429 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 465 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 454 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 432 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 490 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 344 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 466 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 439 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 422 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 384 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 419 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 435 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 404 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 463 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 388 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 415 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 472 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 288 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 443 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 502 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 451 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 491 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 374 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 429 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 427 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 477 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 443 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 479 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 494 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 461 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 370 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 471 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 382 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 478 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 453 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 427 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 500 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 604 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 490 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 490 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 483 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 479 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 520 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 411 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 509 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 553 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 522 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 499 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 496 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 412 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 507 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 526 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 508 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 514 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 527 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 563 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 536 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 569 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 580 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 472 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 318 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 304 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 307 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 363 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 233 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 236 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 276 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 276 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 296 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 298 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 240 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 261 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 254 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 242 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 269 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 277 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 280 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 293 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 305 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 367 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 328 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 282 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 299 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 307 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 238 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 242 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 314 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 258 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 251 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 273 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 292 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 264 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 354 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 265 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 248 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 274 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 255 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 252 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 238 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 273 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 337 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 268 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 288 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 306 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 330 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 268 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 259 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 251 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 247 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 264 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 255 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 271 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 266 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 300 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 228 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 252 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 224 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 232 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 221 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 261 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 217 Steve Clayton