> DUNE Wrote:
> > Damage to the GG walls and the so called Great
> > Step.
> > As previously said i believe the GG was
> > to facilitate the movement of stones and other
> > ancillary equipment in the construction of the
> > pyramid , therefore the damaged and other
> > to the walls are consistent with some sort of
> > machinery operating throughout its length,
> > and height .
> > You would also get the odd accident, as any
> > building site does, so could the great step be
> > product of one of those accidents.
> > There are three possible scenarios for the
> > to the great step.
> > 1. it was a genuine accident where they dropped
> > block from above during construction.
> > 2 it was damaged when whoever opened up that
> > passage to the RC, and let a lump of masonry
> > onto the step.
> > 3 it was purposely hacked out for some other
> > reason.
> > In view of how the forced entrance into the
> > lines up directly over the great step i favour
> > that scenario.
> Hi DUNE, I am under the impression that those four
> hollow black arrows in the photo are pointing to
> cement repairs made to seal the holes that
> originally held iron bars that served to support a
> scaffold or ladder assembly for ascending to that
> portal to the RCs at the top of the GG.
Yes thats a good point, i was thinking they had something to do with the guys who originally hacked out the hole, but of course you may be right that they could have imbedded iron bar supports for a fixed ladder in modern times.
> Regarding your point #1, I agree it's possible
> that a large block dropped from a distance might
> be able to cause that kind of damage on the Great
> Step. It's an amazing coincidence that it happened
> to hit the center edge of the Great Step. I'm
> wondering how likely it is that the builders
> wouldn't have tried to smooth it out and/or repair
> it with other smaller block patches in the middle
> of that construction process.
Well , it then implies that this damage was done after all the work was completed , in that no one of any consequence cared about making repairs to the step, it then further suggests the people who broke into the RC were your proverbial Tomb Robbers ,
and like you say , why did they start over that side , only for them to swing right to find the chamber,it therefore supports my 2nd point that a large chunk from above was the cause of the damage, as for the specific shape of the steps damage, granite can shatter in all sorts of different ways , so i would not read to much in how it looked, and don't forget , in the 100's of years that its been open to who knows who,and who knows what amount of chips have been hacked off for souvenir hunters , as we can see how the KC sarcophagus has ended up.
> puzzling why the builders wouldn't have covered
> that permanent surface with a protective surface
> during construction. After all, it's not like the
> Great Step was "hidden" like the blocks in the
> RCs, where no humans were thought to ever pass
> through. If anything, the traditional scenario has
> the Great Step in a position of prime real estate
> within the funerary paradigm, and so you'd think
> the builders would have taken steps to protect
> that particular surface just as we'd expect the
> threshold at any grand entrance to be protected
> when moving large, potentially damaging objects
> across it.
As i say, i think the damage was done after the pyramid was finished.
> Regarding your point #2, how might such a stone
> have been yanked out of that socket leading to the
> RCs? I am not aware of any chisel marks on the
> surrounding blocks up there that would reveal a
> surface on that block that could be levered out of
> that socket just as we do see such chiseling
> around the other portals to various chambers and
> passages such as leading to the SC, the portal in
> the center of the QC Niche, the entrance to the
> Antechamber from the Great Step, and the south
> wall of the Antechamber leading to the KC. How
> could such a large stone at the top of the GG be
> grabbed and pullled out after it had been
> installed into place and sealed there by the force
> of the blocks above that impinge down on it? If
> the block, itself, was chiseled from the vantage
> point of a makeshift scaffolding or ladder, the
> pieces would be too small to cause such punctate
> damage on the Step.
Well their known method of splitting rock is to drive a wedge into the rock , they may have chisel'd out a channel around the edge and then banged in some wedges on one edge and split of a big chunk, better that way than endless chipping away at it, so a chunk of rock about 16" square would impart quite a force by the time it hit that granite from right up there.
When do you suppose that
> entrance to the RCs was created? For that matter,
> why not just remove the block on the south wall
> that leads directly to the RC rather than remove a
> block on the east wall thereby requiring an
> awkward immediate right turn to be chiseled into
> the masonry?
Yea , as i said, probably tomb robbers at a later time, maybe they just got confused with their direction, wasn't their first route the same direction as the Antechamber ?, maybe they forgot the KC was off to the right at the end of that passage ?
> Regarding your point #3, I think that is the most
> likely of your 3 scenarios. I don't think the
> traditional notion that it is simply wear and tear
> from early-day tourists makes any sense. Anyone
> who climbed up the GG clearly would have
> recognized the far easier path was to first step
> onto one of the side benches and then step onto
> the Great Step from the side rather than directly
> onto the center of the Step from the GG floor.
> This point was made very clearly by Morton Edgar.
> Rather, I also don't think that pattern of damage
> is due to ropes during construction. It's too
> erratic and assymetric and not of the organized,
> pre-planned style that represents the quality of
> work done by the original buildres. I think it's
> more likely that the gouge in the Great Step was
> was hacked out by pillagers, possibly during the
> process of removing large and heavy valuable
> materials and/or objects they found in the
> Antechamber and KC.
Surely if there was something so big in the Kings chamber that they wanted to remove, and it required them to enlarged the opening, why do we find the entrance into the Kings chamber untouched ?