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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 6135 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 776 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 721 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 661 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 654 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 615 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 547 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 613 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 570 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 533 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 600 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 624 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 579 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 556 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 421 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 578 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 531 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 553 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 557 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 517 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 565 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 538 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 543 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 545 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 561 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 541 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 560 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 523 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 520 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 533 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 568 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 534 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 525 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 582 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 534 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 578 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 621 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 628 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 638 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 541 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 570 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 497 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 579 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 486 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 479 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 493 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 515 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 533 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 504 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 469 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 492 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 476 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 529 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 489 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 437 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 383 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 519 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 503 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 539 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 482 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 559 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 430 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 572 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 513 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 509 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 548 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 416 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 475 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 542 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 477 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 461 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 513 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 579 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 609 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 508 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 621 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 578 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 601 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 482 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 566 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 479 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 532 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 515 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 549 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 482 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 537 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 499 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 549 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 540 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 536 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 588 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 560 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 430 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 471 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 471 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 519 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 691 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 523 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 518 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 576 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 548 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 533 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 507 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 525 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 569 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 480 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 554 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 473 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 519 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 468 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 517 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 529 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 498 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 523 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 505 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 535 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 497 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 568 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 468 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 428 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 457 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 410 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 509 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 437 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 492 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 457 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 441 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 474 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 437 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 485 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 479 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 486 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 376 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 470 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 468 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 465 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 468 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 481 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 394 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 495 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 533 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 447 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 453 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 458 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 453 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 468 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 490 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 439 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 440 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 410 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 394 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 445 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 474 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 428 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 386 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 453 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 433 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 430 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 445 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 507 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 428 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 411 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 417 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 491 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 405 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 463 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 381 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 351 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 503 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 368 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 480 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 481 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 500 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 503 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 453 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 505 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 451 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 498 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 492 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 552 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 514 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 465 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 382 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 409 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 535 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 500 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 459 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 562 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 455 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 455 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 462 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 471 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 231 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 373 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 523 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 559 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 449 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 523 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 483 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 512 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 507 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 483 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 510 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 483 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 512 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 660 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 454 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 366 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 470 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 512 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 490 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 487 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 505 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 467 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 453 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 599 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 546 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 487 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 656 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 537 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 434 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 475 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 602 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 499 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 518 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 513 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 645 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 440 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 492 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 448 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 474 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 475 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 424 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 462 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 456 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 427 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 474 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 485 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 448 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 505 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 440 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 472 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 495 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 409 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 470 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 540 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 485 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 481 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 432 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 455 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 462 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 362 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 452 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 434 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 415 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 423 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 452 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 320 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 436 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 447 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 474 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 384 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 437 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 480 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 415 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 407 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 394 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 426 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 421 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 449 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 347 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 325 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 470 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 449 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 435 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 461 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 396 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 374 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 375 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 440 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 454 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 438 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 551 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 526 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 468 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 623 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 388 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 374 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 395 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 403 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 401 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 547 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 419 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 538 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 403 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 439 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 380 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 346 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 405 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 458 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 388 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 474 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 435 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 453 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 465 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 398 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 475 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 344 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 410 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 444 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 433 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 408 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 450 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 324 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 431 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 406 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 395 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 365 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 388 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 411 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 381 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 428 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 370 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 378 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 453 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 268 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 416 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 471 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 429 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 448 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 344 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 409 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 411 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 433 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 412 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 443 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 443 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 429 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 346 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 445 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 355 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 453 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 426 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 398 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 464 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 571 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 466 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 455 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 459 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 455 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 483 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 386 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 480 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 455 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 476 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 462 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 459 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 367 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 488 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 489 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 484 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 509 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 524 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 512 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 545 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 451 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 358 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 232 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 234 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 280 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 209 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 230 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 293 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 216 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 227 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 234 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 224 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 225 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 220 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 228 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 231 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 245 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 259 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 246 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 224 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 243 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 229 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 211 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 246 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 245 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 221 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 221 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 230 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 242 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 234 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 232 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 280 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 325 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 234 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 228 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 221 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 218 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 276 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 254 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 231 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 247 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 263 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 237 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 289 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 239 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 228 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 253 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 230 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 232 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 218 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 249 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 293 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 238 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 246 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 259 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 291 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 250 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 249 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 245 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 231 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 225 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 245 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 236 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 248 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 243 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 266 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 210 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 230 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 206 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 205 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 203 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 239 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 199