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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 5955 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 744 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 685 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 621 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 624 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 518 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 585 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 538 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 503 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 568 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 505 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 589 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 547 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 538 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 391 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 537 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 467 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 503 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 524 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 526 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 490 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 532 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 506 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 513 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 530 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 513 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 528 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 492 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 485 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 501 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 539 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 503 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 494 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 553 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 507 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 552 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 589 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 591 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 610 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 504 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 542 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 463 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 544 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 458 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 448 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 462 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 482 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 496 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 474 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 439 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 464 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 447 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 499 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 463 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 408 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 354 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 486 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 472 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 507 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 453 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 530 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 394 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 529 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 481 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 480 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 517 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 392 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 445 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 512 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 450 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 431 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 484 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 544 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 569 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 475 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 578 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 539 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 567 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 444 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 537 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 440 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 492 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 483 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 511 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 452 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 493 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 468 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 515 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 504 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 502 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 551 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 520 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 395 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 437 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 445 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 486 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 647 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 454 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 470 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 487 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 539 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 463 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 503 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 463 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 475 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 490 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 536 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 450 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 519 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 445 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 483 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 444 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 484 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 501 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 468 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 482 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 479 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 499 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 465 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 535 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 441 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 397 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 434 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 381 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 478 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 405 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 459 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 427 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 401 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 436 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 405 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 453 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 452 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 454 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 349 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 442 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 435 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 439 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 442 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 452 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 367 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 459 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 504 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 417 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 424 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 433 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 423 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 439 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 462 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 409 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 417 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 384 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 367 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 421 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 448 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 401 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 361 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 425 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 405 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 402 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 418 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 470 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 401 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 380 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 394 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 463 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 370 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 431 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 349 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 328 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 476 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 342 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 454 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 446 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 472 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 477 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 419 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 481 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 421 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 469 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 463 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 511 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 484 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 436 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 353 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 380 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 508 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 470 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 431 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 529 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 426 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 428 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 431 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 440 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 205 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 348 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 487 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 421 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 452 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 477 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 451 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 476 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 453 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 477 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 623 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 415 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 338 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 442 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 464 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 451 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 457 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 451 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 437 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 422 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 565 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 509 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 461 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 605 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 506 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 408 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 450 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 552 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 472 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 488 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 472 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 597 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 487 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 408 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 435 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 419 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 446 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 449 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 398 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 436 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 428 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 397 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 441 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 463 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 456 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 420 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 473 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 410 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 443 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 463 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 379 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 444 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 509 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 455 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 441 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 404 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 438 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 428 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 437 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 429 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 483 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 335 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 423 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 402 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 381 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 392 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 421 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 293 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 403 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 419 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 448 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 357 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 411 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 448 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 385 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 383 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 368 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 395 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 392 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 416 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 319 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 295 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 442 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 417 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 407 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 421 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 365 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 347 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 347 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 407 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 426 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 410 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 524 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 491 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 440 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 588 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 358 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 346 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 364 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 377 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 371 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 510 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 390 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 493 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 370 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 409 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 348 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 316 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 377 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 425 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 356 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 442 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 405 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 421 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 437 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 369 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 444 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 314 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 376 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 420 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 406 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 379 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 417 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 292 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 399 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 372 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 362 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 332 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 358 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 384 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 349 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 391 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 340 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 345 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 417 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 244 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 378 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 435 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 402 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 417 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 315 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 378 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 384 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 406 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 380 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 413 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 410 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 398 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 311 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 416 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 328 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 413 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 399 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 368 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 430 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 538 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 435 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 417 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 423 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 426 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 449 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 359 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 447 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 471 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 424 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 439 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 428 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 424 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 334 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 462 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 449 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 461 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 458 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 479 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 497 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 483 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 512 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 508 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 422 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 326 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 203 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 245 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 245 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 205 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 197 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 180 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 258 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 206 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 221 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 215 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 213 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 191 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 210 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 198 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 203 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 194 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 197 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 186 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 224 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 198 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 218 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 201 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 204 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 209 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 220 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 211 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 213 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 233 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 215 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 225 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 224 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 214 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 198 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 217 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 198 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 180 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 214 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 208 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 194 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 217 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 213 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 230 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 195 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 218 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 227 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 216 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 211 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 222 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 208 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 213 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 222 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 206 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 202 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 209 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 208 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 205 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 228 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 219 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 236 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 196 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 193 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 238 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 188 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 192 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 240 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 216 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 225 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 222 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 217 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 196 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 220 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 224 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 204 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 217 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 230 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 214 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 186 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 233 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 209 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 236 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 255 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 207 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 200 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 221 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 196 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 204 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 192 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 222 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 205 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 216 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 229 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 258 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 221 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 220 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 216 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 205 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 198 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 215 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 206 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 216 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 211 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 236 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 177 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 194 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 178 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 175 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 173 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 207 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions