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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:

(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:


Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 25 time(s). Last edit at 03-Mar-20 16:02 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 7099 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 995 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 901 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 838 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 810 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 778 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 682 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 752 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 726 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 694 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 629 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 768 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 656 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 766 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 707 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 696 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 699 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 787 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 625 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 663 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 691 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 720 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 644 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 742 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 694 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 662 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 707 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 687 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 666 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 683 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 679 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 679 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 678 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 701 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 682 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 695 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 733 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 654 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 727 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 764 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 771 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 770 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 708 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 704 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 673 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 712 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 674 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 621 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 635 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 676 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 670 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 624 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 616 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 646 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 624 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 698 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 632 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 600 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 534 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 665 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 619 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 682 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 620 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 662 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 593 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 744 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 657 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 626 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 700 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 562 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 650 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 671 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 623 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 615 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 637 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 719 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 771 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 634 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 772 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 725 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 723 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 645 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 695 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 617 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 711 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 672 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 700 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 632 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 696 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 622 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 677 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 709 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 674 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 776 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 700 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 572 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 611 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 601 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 686 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 635 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 650 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 882 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 702 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 608 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 677 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 671 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 672 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 646 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 732 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 630 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 692 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 661 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 636 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 621 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 647 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 725 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 635 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 721 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 612 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 688 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 591 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 645 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 698 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 625 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 641 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 611 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 671 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 608 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 701 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 576 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 531 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 578 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 513 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 618 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 544 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 619 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 568 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 603 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 616 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 556 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 617 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 621 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 620 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 498 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 615 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 602 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 620 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 584 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 608 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 513 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 619 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 659 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 565 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 553 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 568 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 596 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 576 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 593 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 561 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 549 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 527 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 508 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 552 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 582 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 542 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 496 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 554 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 544 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 536 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 563 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 612 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 547 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 528 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 516 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 602 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 534 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 596 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 528 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 448 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 608 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 491 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 590 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 616 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 611 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 621 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 591 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 606 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 586 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 618 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 603 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 675 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 658 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 576 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 497 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 522 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 640 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 633 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 570 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 680 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 561 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 596 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 567 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 593 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 363 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 495 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 646 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 725 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 582 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 652 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 664 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 691 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 664 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 626 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 615 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 605 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 616 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 763 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 586 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 472 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 578 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 648 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 605 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 603 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 623 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 625 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 604 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 582 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 574 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 749 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 653 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 594 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 819 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 659 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 588 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 581 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 772 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 626 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 657 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 647 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 823 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 642 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 583 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 593 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 562 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 589 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 620 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 594 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 551 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 583 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 572 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 574 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 606 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 617 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 611 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 569 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 626 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 558 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 621 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 608 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 622 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 630 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 511 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 605 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 645 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 592 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 609 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 556 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 583 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 568 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 656 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 511 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 596 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 567 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 548 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 562 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 553 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 444 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 564 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 558 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 582 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 512 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 574 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 592 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 535 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 533 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 506 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 532 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 552 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 576 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 495 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 463 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 575 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 572 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 554 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 580 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 547 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 513 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 503 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 584 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 601 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 555 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 677 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 654 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 640 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 762 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 529 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 543 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 542 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 513 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 531 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 672 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 548 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 711 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 558 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 551 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 514 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 480 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 513 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 594 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 497 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 598 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 572 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 600 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 599 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 533 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 632 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 511 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 512 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 562 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 537 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 533 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 608 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 434 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 567 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 534 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 507 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 474 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 546 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 537 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 506 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 554 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 488 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 498 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 579 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 375 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 552 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 602 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 552 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 603 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 482 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 522 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 522 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 593 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 562 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 601 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 601 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 582 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 455 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 565 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 469 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 584 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 550 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 522 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 595 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 705 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 593 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 582 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 577 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 586 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 616 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 535 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 637 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 684 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 616 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 625 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 605 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 602 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 499 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 591 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 619 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 599 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 623 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 615 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 680 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 619 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 653 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 678 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 556 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 502 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 430 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 408 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 347 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 420 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 409 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 477 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 354 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 359 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 339 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 438 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 360 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 382 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 373 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 432 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 372 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 368 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 367 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 346 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 347 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 358 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 361 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 422 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 322 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 376 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 360 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 349 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 385 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 393 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 397 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 365 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 400 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 403 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 396 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 335 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 372 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 369 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 333 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 383 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 362 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 397 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 372 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 413 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 394 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 354 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 407 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 384 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 397 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 409 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 388 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 363 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 384 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 409 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 373 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 362 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 360 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 365 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 404 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 400 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 367 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 380 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 378 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 385 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 494 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 430 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 384 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 388 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 464 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 380 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 416 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 403 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 375 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 418 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 353 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 325 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 388 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 330 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 326 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 420 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 420 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 408 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 367 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 379 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 418 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 430 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 348 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 359 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 402 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 350 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 361 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 380 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 356 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 378 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 492 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 347 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 378 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 367 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 460 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 363 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 338 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 351 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 342 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 336 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 348 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 358 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 441 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 380 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 356 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 390 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 393 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 457 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 358 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 354 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 358 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 338 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 362 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 346 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 361 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 361 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 403 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 327 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 340 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 338 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 319 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 315 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 357 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58