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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 6179 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 785 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 728 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 672 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 657 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 620 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 553 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 617 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 577 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 539 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 492 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 608 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 539 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 634 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 584 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 561 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 580 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 425 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 586 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 499 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 536 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 562 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 559 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 522 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 572 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 542 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 547 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 549 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 565 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 543 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 563 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 527 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 523 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 537 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 578 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 547 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 547 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 590 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 536 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 583 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 623 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 632 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 642 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 546 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 574 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 505 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 587 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 492 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 486 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 500 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 520 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 541 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 508 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 472 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 497 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 482 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 535 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 495 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 440 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 387 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 524 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 507 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 542 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 486 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 563 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 440 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 578 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 517 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 513 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 553 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 420 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 485 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 553 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 482 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 466 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 521 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 583 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 625 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 512 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 628 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 584 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 606 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 496 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 570 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 485 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 539 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 520 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 556 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 489 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 551 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 504 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 555 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 544 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 537 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 605 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 564 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 435 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 476 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 527 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 695 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 531 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 537 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 503 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 582 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 553 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 532 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 579 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 481 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 559 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 477 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 529 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 475 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 526 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 538 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 508 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 528 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 508 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 542 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 500 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 575 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 472 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 432 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 463 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 415 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 513 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 441 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 496 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 460 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 455 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 482 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 443 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 488 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 485 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 493 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 383 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 477 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 476 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 468 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 472 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 488 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 398 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 500 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 540 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 450 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 455 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 461 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 467 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 472 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 492 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 444 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 445 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 413 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 407 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 449 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 480 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 432 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 396 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 457 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 437 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 434 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 450 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 511 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 434 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 419 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 423 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 501 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 412 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 469 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 394 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 353 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 510 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 370 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 487 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 485 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 503 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 512 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 460 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 507 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 463 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 502 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 497 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 559 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 521 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 475 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 386 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 414 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 537 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 506 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 467 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 568 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 461 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 464 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 466 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 474 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 235 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 381 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 562 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 454 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 526 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 519 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 513 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 491 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 513 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 489 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 518 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 664 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 459 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 368 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 472 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 494 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 490 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 473 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 456 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 605 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 551 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 491 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 662 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 544 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 440 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 479 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 609 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 507 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 521 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 533 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 653 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 531 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 443 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 470 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 494 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 452 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 486 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 467 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 432 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 502 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 454 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 521 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 445 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 482 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 497 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 517 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 521 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 411 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 475 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 544 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 492 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 487 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 436 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 470 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 457 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 468 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 466 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 526 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 369 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 465 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 442 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 423 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 436 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 457 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 325 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 440 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 453 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 479 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 401 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 452 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 494 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 431 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 411 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 402 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 432 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 428 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 462 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 354 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 334 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 474 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 456 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 442 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 467 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 401 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 377 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 381 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 449 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 464 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 443 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 559 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 532 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 477 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 637 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 401 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 385 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 405 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 409 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 405 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 563 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 424 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 552 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 406 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 445 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 390 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 354 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 407 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 463 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 397 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 480 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 453 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 460 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 474 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 406 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 483 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 356 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 413 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 447 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 438 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 415 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 463 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 328 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 440 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 414 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 401 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 368 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 396 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 416 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 385 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 436 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 373 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 396 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 459 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 272 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 423 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 478 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 437 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 457 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 354 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 413 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 415 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 444 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 419 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 452 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 458 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 439 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 353 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 451 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 367 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 460 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 431 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 411 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 470 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 583 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 470 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 463 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 463 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 459 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 499 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 394 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 492 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 518 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 493 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 478 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 465 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 373 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 491 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 500 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 492 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 493 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 514 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 534 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 516 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 550 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 553 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 456 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 368 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 238 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 284 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 330 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 213 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 254 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 218 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 233 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 231 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 238 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 227 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 231 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 216 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 224 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 242 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 279 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 267 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 269 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 228 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 248 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 240 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 223 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 250 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 228 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 245 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 233 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 345 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 319 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 234 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 224 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 287 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 228 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 248 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 245 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 277 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 236 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 255 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 217 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 269 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 241 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 294 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 249 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 232 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 259 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 238 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 235 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 221 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 255 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 251 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 265 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 292 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 272 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 254 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 247 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 236 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 231 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 251 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 242 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 250 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 247 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 272 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 213 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 236 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 209 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 217 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 208 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 243 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 204 Steve Clayton