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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 24 time(s). Last edit at 01-Nov-19 02:10 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 6548 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 858 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 807 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 761 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 717 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 690 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 605 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 671 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 642 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 595 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 543 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 676 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 586 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 685 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 631 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 619 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 628 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 476 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 679 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 566 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 585 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 615 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 639 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 554 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 653 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 628 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 592 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 622 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 611 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 588 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 611 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 613 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 599 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 616 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 627 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 609 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 633 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 656 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 586 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 650 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 677 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 693 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 698 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 644 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 627 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 603 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 634 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 574 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 548 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 546 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 569 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 597 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 551 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 520 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 561 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 533 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 613 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 563 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 515 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 451 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 572 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 546 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 610 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 540 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 594 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 498 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 645 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 587 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 557 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 600 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 483 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 564 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 614 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 532 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 524 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 567 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 634 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 676 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 561 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 684 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 650 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 652 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 574 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 635 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 541 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 645 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 573 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 615 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 542 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 613 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 553 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 606 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 616 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 610 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 684 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 618 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 503 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 540 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 543 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 612 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 585 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 783 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 608 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 540 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 616 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 586 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 599 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 584 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 632 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 560 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 590 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 562 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 548 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 573 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 642 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 534 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 632 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 550 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 603 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 517 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 581 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 614 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 556 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 574 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 542 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 603 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 543 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 643 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 503 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 463 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 503 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 445 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 546 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 475 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 549 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 498 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 507 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 537 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 495 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 541 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 548 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 556 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 428 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 546 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 539 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 540 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 514 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 534 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 431 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 554 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 590 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 501 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 486 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 495 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 525 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 508 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 523 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 492 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 484 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 458 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 438 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 482 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 515 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 477 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 428 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 488 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 479 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 470 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 488 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 551 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 470 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 452 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 461 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 532 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 461 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 520 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 456 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 380 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 548 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 406 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 525 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 520 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 538 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 550 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 498 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 538 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 510 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 536 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 541 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 600 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 575 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 509 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 431 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 462 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 579 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 545 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 509 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 620 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 493 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 514 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 499 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 519 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 271 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 422 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 578 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 648 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 565 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 565 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 594 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 568 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 570 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 546 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 531 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 550 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 696 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 497 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 409 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 508 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 578 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 538 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 540 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 557 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 552 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 530 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 504 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 658 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 597 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 524 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 737 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 600 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 514 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 510 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 681 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 559 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 592 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 577 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 721 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 571 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 494 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 506 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 525 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 492 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 518 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 552 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 532 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 502 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 515 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 537 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 556 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 529 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 507 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 557 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 500 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 520 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 536 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 552 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 441 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 536 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 578 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 524 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 533 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 476 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 548 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 501 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 501 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 591 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 424 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 530 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 498 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 475 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 493 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 486 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 380 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 485 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 500 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 511 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 439 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 498 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 525 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 468 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 458 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 446 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 472 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 475 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 505 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 403 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 371 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 508 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 517 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 495 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 521 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 451 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 442 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 430 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 517 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 523 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 486 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 609 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 594 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 552 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 691 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 466 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 432 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 454 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 454 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 458 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 597 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 486 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 612 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 482 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 492 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 435 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 401 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 443 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 523 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 438 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 540 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 496 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 522 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 525 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 458 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 567 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 420 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 446 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 490 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 470 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 461 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 527 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 369 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 500 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 459 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 439 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 407 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 466 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 471 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 421 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 482 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 407 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 439 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 501 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 315 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 470 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 526 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 481 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 531 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 402 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 450 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 444 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 503 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 471 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 523 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 526 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 492 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 387 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 490 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 401 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 496 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 473 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 458 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 521 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 625 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 511 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 507 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 502 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 518 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 539 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 466 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 548 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 598 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 543 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 529 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 533 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 432 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 522 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 536 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 550 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 555 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 592 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 551 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 594 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 601 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 419 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 289 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 345 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 326 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 282 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 334 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 302 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 277 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 289 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 324 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 279 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 277 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 276 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 330 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 299 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 310 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 319 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 326 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 307 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 325 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 327 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 258 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 290 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 283 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 258 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 287 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 324 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 310 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 318 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 305 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 282 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 302 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 279 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 304 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 389 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 348 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 316 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 381 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 338 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 329 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 336 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 299 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 337 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 293 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 319 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 313 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 316 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 276 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 271 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 288 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 280 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 304 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 299 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 400 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 310 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 305 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 316 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 398 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 283 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 264 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 291 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 280 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 268 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 265 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 289 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 363 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 343 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 297 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 286 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 329 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 323 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 371 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 284 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 285 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 280 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 271 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 293 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 275 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 295 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 290 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 339 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 266 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 269 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 252 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 250 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 241 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 296 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 245