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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 6338 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 807 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 759 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 699 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 674 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 638 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 570 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 635 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 596 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 557 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 506 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 626 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 555 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 651 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 599 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 577 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 593 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 442 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 631 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 515 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 553 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 579 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 579 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 532 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 591 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 572 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 561 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 570 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 578 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 557 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 577 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 545 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 544 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 559 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 593 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 562 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 579 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 604 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 553 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 601 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 643 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 648 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 657 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 564 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 591 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 525 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 602 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 520 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 504 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 519 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 538 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 560 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 520 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 488 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 517 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 500 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 554 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 514 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 457 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 405 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 543 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 519 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 559 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 501 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 575 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 458 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 612 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 533 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 527 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 572 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 438 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 512 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 569 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 500 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 489 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 536 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 601 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 644 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 528 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 638 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 598 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 621 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 518 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 588 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 500 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 564 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 538 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 578 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 514 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 577 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 520 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 572 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 560 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 557 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 628 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 582 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 455 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 506 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 493 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 570 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 713 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 555 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 507 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 555 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 520 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 543 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 526 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 599 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 511 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 579 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 560 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 523 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 519 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 544 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 600 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 498 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 577 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 495 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 549 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 488 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 542 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 551 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 524 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 539 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 519 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 558 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 515 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 589 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 482 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 443 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 473 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 425 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 524 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 453 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 520 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 470 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 472 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 500 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 455 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 499 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 497 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 506 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 394 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 493 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 492 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 484 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 484 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 501 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 409 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 513 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 556 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 462 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 464 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 473 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 488 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 484 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 501 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 456 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 455 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 426 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 418 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 461 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 493 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 449 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 408 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 468 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 450 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 444 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 461 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 520 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 447 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 432 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 435 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 513 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 427 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 483 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 409 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 361 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 522 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 384 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 499 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 495 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 517 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 523 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 476 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 518 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 485 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 515 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 510 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 573 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 536 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 487 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 396 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 427 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 550 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 519 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 479 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 582 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 472 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 479 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 478 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 486 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 249 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 395 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 545 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 582 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 469 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 509 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 547 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 532 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 505 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 524 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 500 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 528 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 675 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 472 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 378 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 484 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 531 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 512 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 500 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 511 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 520 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 502 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 466 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 620 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 566 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 503 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 676 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 560 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 459 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 489 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 628 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 523 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 539 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 551 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 674 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 540 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 456 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 504 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 464 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 498 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 531 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 438 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 472 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 452 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 502 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 468 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 536 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 459 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 495 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 516 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 528 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 535 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 421 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 499 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 556 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 502 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 506 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 446 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 468 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 480 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 550 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 388 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 495 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 454 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 438 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 449 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 467 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 340 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 452 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 464 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 488 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 414 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 465 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 504 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 446 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 426 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 416 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 441 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 449 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 474 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 370 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 350 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 486 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 469 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 452 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 481 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 420 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 410 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 395 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 474 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 480 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 457 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 578 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 553 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 503 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 654 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 417 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 402 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 420 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 419 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 420 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 576 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 453 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 572 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 425 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 456 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 415 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 368 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 419 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 490 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 408 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 493 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 473 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 482 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 490 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 420 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 500 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 384 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 424 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 461 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 449 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 428 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 485 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 340 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 455 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 433 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 419 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 378 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 411 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 430 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 397 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 451 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 385 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 411 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 468 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 286 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 438 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 491 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 448 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 487 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 370 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 425 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 424 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 475 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 433 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 473 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 491 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 454 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 365 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 463 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 378 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 472 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 446 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 423 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 487 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 600 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 478 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 482 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 477 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 469 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 514 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 404 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 504 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 514 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 494 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 482 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 401 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 500 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 519 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 504 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 508 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 524 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 557 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 528 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 564 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 571 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 468 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 299 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 302 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 258 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 224 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 317 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 254 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 228 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 241 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 232 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 254 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 289 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 283 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 293 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 237 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 258 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 250 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 237 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 264 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 284 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 242 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 282 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 243 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 254 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 250 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 360 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 280 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 277 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 310 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 234 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 239 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 304 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 284 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 271 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 270 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 246 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 268 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 246 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 287 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 257 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 334 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 260 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 243 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 269 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 249 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 249 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 234 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 270 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 265 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 281 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 302 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 317 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 264 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 256 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 246 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 243 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 261 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 252 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 265 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 261 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 292 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 223 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 247 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 220 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 228 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 218 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 254 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 214 Steve Clayton