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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:

(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:


Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 25 time(s). Last edit at 03-Mar-20 16:02 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 6789 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 907 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 845 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 787 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 757 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 715 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 630 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 700 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 669 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 619 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 576 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 696 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 609 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 717 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 655 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 645 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 650 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 497 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 707 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 583 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 610 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 640 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 666 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 589 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 689 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 647 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 614 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 661 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 637 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 616 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 636 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 634 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 624 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 636 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 652 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 635 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 652 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 683 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 609 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 678 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 716 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 722 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 722 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 665 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 657 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 630 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 661 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 601 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 573 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 573 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 600 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 623 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 575 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 552 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 587 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 560 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 642 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 585 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 540 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 477 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 600 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 569 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 632 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 572 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 617 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 527 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 675 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 610 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 581 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 636 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 502 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 590 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 631 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 560 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 550 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 589 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 656 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 719 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 585 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 712 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 680 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 676 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 597 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 653 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 567 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 663 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 596 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 643 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 569 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 639 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 576 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 629 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 654 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 631 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 716 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 653 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 523 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 562 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 559 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 635 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 593 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 606 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 828 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 632 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 561 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 631 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 622 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 626 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 603 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 661 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 583 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 642 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 613 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 586 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 571 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 599 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 670 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 577 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 651 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 571 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 641 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 542 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 602 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 641 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 577 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 595 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 565 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 625 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 561 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 660 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 530 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 484 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 526 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 466 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 572 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 497 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 571 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 520 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 546 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 566 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 515 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 569 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 573 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 577 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 452 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 570 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 557 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 574 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 541 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 563 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 464 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 575 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 612 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 520 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 509 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 519 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 553 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 529 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 545 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 515 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 508 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 480 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 460 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 505 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 536 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 495 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 448 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 509 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 501 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 492 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 515 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 571 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 502 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 471 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 476 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 555 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 488 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 545 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 483 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 402 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 570 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 438 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 545 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 562 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 563 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 573 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 534 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 559 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 536 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 558 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 559 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 624 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 615 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 531 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 452 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 483 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 601 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 589 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 529 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 637 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 514 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 550 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 522 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 547 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 311 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 450 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 600 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 677 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 538 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 591 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 594 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 623 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 601 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 589 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 568 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 560 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 572 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 719 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 524 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 433 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 531 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 607 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 559 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 560 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 582 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 578 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 555 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 524 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 699 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 612 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 548 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 769 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 618 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 544 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 532 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 720 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 584 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 615 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 600 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 768 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 596 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 532 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 529 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 548 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 518 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 541 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 574 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 550 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 481 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 525 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 532 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 534 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 560 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 575 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 550 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 527 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 579 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 519 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 574 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 556 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 574 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 589 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 561 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 599 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 545 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 558 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 497 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 564 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 512 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 534 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 523 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 612 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 455 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 551 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 520 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 497 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 517 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 507 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 402 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 509 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 518 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 535 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 463 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 522 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 547 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 489 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 480 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 464 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 489 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 502 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 527 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 450 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 407 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 530 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 531 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 513 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 539 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 491 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 466 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 455 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 540 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 546 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 509 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 631 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 615 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 588 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 715 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 484 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 483 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 481 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 470 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 483 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 621 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 503 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 653 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 501 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 510 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 470 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 427 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 467 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 545 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 457 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 556 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 524 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 548 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 548 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 484 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 588 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 447 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 466 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 516 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 493 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 487 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 564 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 390 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 523 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 485 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 462 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 428 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 496 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 495 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 452 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 505 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 431 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 455 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 518 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 334 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 498 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 549 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 507 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 558 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 430 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 477 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 475 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 534 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 512 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 554 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 549 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 519 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 408 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 513 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 423 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 525 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 498 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 480 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 544 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 652 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 538 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 532 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 527 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 541 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 566 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 489 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 579 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 638 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 546 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 575 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 555 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 555 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 454 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 543 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 568 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 552 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 574 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 575 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 618 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 573 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 612 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 626 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 516 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 452 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 370 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 350 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 302 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 372 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 356 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 419 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 316 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 328 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 360 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 310 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 289 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 293 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 368 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 317 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 339 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 315 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 341 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 338 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 349 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 341 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 350 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 351 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 278 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 314 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 312 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 280 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 331 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 334 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 315 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 334 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 350 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 327 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 343 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 360 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 305 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 308 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 318 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 317 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 319 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 330 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 431 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 375 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 319 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 336 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 405 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 361 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 328 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 345 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 327 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 279 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 359 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 350 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 318 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 328 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 353 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 362 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 299 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 302 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 348 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 302 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 311 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 331 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 327 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 343 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 297 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 331 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 325 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 416 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 316 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 288 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 306 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 299 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 291 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 288 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 310 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 392 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 365 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 326 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 308 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 346 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 344 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 401 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 308 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 310 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 308 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 293 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 316 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 294 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 315 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 312 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 360 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 285 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 292 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 282 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 275 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 265 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 315 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 263