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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 4968 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 566 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 505 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 449 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 422 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 433 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 395 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 358 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 326 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 432 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 359 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 442 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 407 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 394 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 268 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 393 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 364 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 393 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 386 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 356 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 399 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 375 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 390 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 382 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 382 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 347 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 341 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 359 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 395 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 366 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 360 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 417 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 372 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 441 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 452 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 446 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 473 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 370 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 404 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 329 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 404 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 322 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 316 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 330 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 345 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 354 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 337 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 298 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 326 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 310 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 357 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 339 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 268 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 246 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 358 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 337 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 373 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 317 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 392 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 257 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 382 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 344 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 348 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 378 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 279 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 307 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 366 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 312 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 295 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 351 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 405 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 415 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 333 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 422 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 404 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 429 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 289 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 389 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 297 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 333 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 344 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 348 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 316 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 337 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 330 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 375 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 364 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 359 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 397 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 359 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 259 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 354 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 475 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 346 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 367 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 335 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 350 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 342 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 396 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 325 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 370 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 335 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 341 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 381 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 318 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 387 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 318 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 336 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 313 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 358 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 367 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 338 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 343 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 361 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 362 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 331 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 387 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 315 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 262 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 312 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 256 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 353 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 280 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 330 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 304 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 264 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 292 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 284 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 316 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 327 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 324 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 223 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 315 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 321 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 309 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 319 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 331 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 242 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 329 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 374 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 292 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 298 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 302 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 294 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 310 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 338 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 289 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 293 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 259 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 240 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 290 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 323 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 277 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 244 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 298 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 297 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 283 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 296 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 332 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 283 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 255 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 278 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 337 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 224 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 290 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 219 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 210 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 349 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 220 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 326 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 323 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 335 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 343 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 293 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 348 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 300 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 338 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 334 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 366 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 346 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 316 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 236 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 260 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 379 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 339 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 306 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 400 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 314 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 306 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 306 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 319 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 83 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 239 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 355 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 382 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 364 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 329 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 348 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 350 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 319 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 343 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 331 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 349 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 470 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 296 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 215 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 314 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 339 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 322 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 346 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 327 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 304 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 288 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 404 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 377 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 329 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 451 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 378 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 281 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 317 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 409 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 343 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 363 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 340 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 412 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 313 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 343 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 291 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 316 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 345 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 307 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 263 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 339 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 324 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 297 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 346 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 285 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 311 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 332 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 361 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 362 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 376 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 326 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 304 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 278 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 309 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 305 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 313 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 302 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 343 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 211 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 300 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 279 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 254 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 274 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 281 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 178 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 279 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 295 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 332 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 234 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 285 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 319 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 253 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 275 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 264 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 274 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 275 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 284 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 198 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 183 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 309 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 296 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 277 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 295 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 244 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 222 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 226 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 272 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 298 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 300 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 395 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 361 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 312 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 454 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 240 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 226 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 244 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 247 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 251 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 383 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 260 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 352 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 248 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 287 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 233 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 203 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 267 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 296 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 230 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 313 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 283 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 293 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 309 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 251 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 315 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 192 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 239 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 302 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 278 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 256 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 282 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 189 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 273 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 253 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 248 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 219 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 240 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 265 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 245 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 269 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 238 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 226 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 294 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 136 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 252 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 306 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 284 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 291 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 202 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 243 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 264 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 282 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 255 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 296 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 278 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 281 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 193 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 288 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 202 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 284 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 287 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 243 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 300 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 385 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 306 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 297 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 294 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 307 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 316 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 240 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 324 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 307 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 299 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 300 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 224 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 339 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 318 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 337 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 334 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 353 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 358 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 356 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 391 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 385 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 202 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 99 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 118 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 103 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 94 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 122 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 112 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 138 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 90 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 71 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 140 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 84 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 131 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 98 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 76 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 94 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 84 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 82 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 123 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 100 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 98 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 89 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 103 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 100 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 94 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 81 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 92 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 81 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 78 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 91 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 94 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 87 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 91 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 112 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 100 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 85 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 91 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 90 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 91 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 98 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 99 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 96 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 101 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 91 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 79 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 130 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 107 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 85 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 89 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 116 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 171 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 84 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 143 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 115 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 108 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 112 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 98 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 94 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 74 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 123 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 78 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 71 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 102 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 87 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 97 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 91 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 115 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 97 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 84 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 97 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 90 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 98 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 103 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 155 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 106 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 79 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 131 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 94 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 82 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 91 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 73 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 83 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 78 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 94 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 130 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 116 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 75 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 99 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 113 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 129 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 104 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 106 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 97 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 82 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 80 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 95 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 87 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 99 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 90 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 111 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 71 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 77 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 62 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 59 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 63 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 80 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 60 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:07
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 66 Steve Clayton