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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 4808 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 534 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 468 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 409 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 441 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 350 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 411 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 397 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 338 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 412 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 377 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 358 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 363 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 368 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 335 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 331 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 363 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 361 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 332 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 381 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 342 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 339 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 357 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 351 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 347 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 321 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 321 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 327 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 365 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 343 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 334 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 388 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 339 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 430 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 429 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 408 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 439 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 348 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 379 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 309 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 374 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 298 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 292 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 306 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 322 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 328 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 316 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 280 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 299 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 288 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 336 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 307 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 245 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 237 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 324 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 310 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 348 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 295 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 365 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 236 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 361 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 308 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 317 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 349 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 268 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 274 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 354 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 288 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 275 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 334 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 382 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 390 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 302 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 385 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 380 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 395 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 265 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 357 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 272 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 306 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 318 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 317 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 296 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 308 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 308 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 338 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 334 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 328 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 368 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 318 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 232 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 324 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 322 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 309 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 313 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 312 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 368 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 304 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 354 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 341 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 309 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 317 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 361 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 293 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 357 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 301 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 309 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 290 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 329 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 345 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 316 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 319 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 329 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 330 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 303 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 356 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 290 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 245 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 289 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 230 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 339 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 265 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 296 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 279 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 245 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 263 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 256 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 286 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 295 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 294 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 204 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 293 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 304 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 281 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 296 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 304 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 224 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 303 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 352 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 272 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 274 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 275 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 273 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 297 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 313 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 267 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 271 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 237 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 212 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 268 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 301 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 255 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 222 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 277 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 274 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 258 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 267 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 307 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 257 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 231 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 256 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 313 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 203 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 267 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 208 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 192 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 323 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 200 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 301 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 297 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 307 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 309 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 272 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 314 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 281 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 308 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 303 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 329 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 315 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 298 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 215 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 237 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 345 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 318 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 276 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 368 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 299 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 275 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 272 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 292 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 59 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 228 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 328 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 355 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 332 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 320 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 324 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 296 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 314 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 302 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 326 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 423 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 284 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 195 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 289 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 328 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 289 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 305 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 316 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 297 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 265 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 369 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 348 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 296 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 420 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 353 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 255 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 290 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 377 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 321 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 336 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 315 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 369 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 297 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 235 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 292 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 295 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 277 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 319 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 258 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 288 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 305 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 345 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 305 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 277 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 277 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 276 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 310 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 192 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 278 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 268 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 239 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 249 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 260 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 159 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 255 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 268 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 315 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 212 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 268 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 296 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 240 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 251 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 248 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 244 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 256 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 258 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 174 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 164 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 279 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 267 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 256 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 263 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 221 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 209 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 205 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 250 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 266 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 285 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 367 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 336 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 289 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 427 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 213 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 202 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 223 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 219 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 233 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 353 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 238 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 322 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 226 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 272 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 211 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 189 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 253 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 270 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 208 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 291 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 258 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 263 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 292 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 232 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 296 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 175 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 219 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 272 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 252 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 233 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 254 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 172 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 249 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 228 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 232 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 196 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 219 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 244 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 232 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 245 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 224 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 201 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 271 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 129 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 229 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 286 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 251 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 260 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 192 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 215 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 240 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 259 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 225 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 274 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 259 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 256 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 181 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 268 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 176 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 258 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 264 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 219 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 271 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 350 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 272 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 274 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 261 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 276 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 288 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 220 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 292 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 289 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 280 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 270 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 268 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 212 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 315 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 298 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 303 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 305 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 332 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 331 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 328 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 361 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 174 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 78 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 79 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 66 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 98 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 91 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 109 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 76 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 65 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 65 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 74 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 47 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 55 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 73 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 67 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 60 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 66 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 64 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 64 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 66 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 61 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 62 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 66 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 67 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 73 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 64 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 103 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 86 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 87 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 74 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 82 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 71 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 86 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 69 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 64 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 66 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 72 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 62 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 54 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 78 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 71 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 62 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 74 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 78 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 71 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 73 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 86 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 75 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 67 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 72 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 62 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 67 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 82 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 74 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 78 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 73 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 61 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 63 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 61 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 74 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 76 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 89 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 69 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 68 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 144 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 64 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 80 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 94 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 122 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 79 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 84 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 85 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 68 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 58 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 53 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 97 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 71 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 59 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 55 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 67 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 62 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 75 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 88 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 82 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 61 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 67 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 73 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 83 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 63 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 74 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 62 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 82 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 73 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 115 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 58 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 90 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 55 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 108 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 69 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 61 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 70 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 59 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 56 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 57 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 71 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 107 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 95 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 58 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 82 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 89 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 108 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 81 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 89 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 79 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 69 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 59 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 75 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 66 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 74 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 67 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 89 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 48 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 59 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 46 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 39 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 45 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 58 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 49 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:07
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 44 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:22