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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 5836 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 715 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 651 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 591 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 597 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 551 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 493 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 560 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 514 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 478 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 436 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 543 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 480 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 564 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 522 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 503 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 513 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 365 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 510 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 444 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 479 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 500 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 501 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 463 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 508 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 482 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 488 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 490 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 509 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 489 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 502 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 468 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 462 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 477 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 512 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 477 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 470 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 527 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 479 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 532 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 563 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 563 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 584 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 483 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 516 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 439 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 520 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 431 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 423 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 436 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 457 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 469 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 449 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 413 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 440 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 425 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 474 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 438 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 382 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 332 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 464 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 449 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 485 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 429 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 505 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 366 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 505 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 454 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 451 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 490 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 368 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 418 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 483 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 424 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 406 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 459 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 517 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 542 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 452 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 549 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 515 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 543 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 419 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 511 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 417 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 464 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 457 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 487 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 427 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 464 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 443 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 488 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 479 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 474 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 523 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 489 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 369 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 409 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 423 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 460 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 453 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 453 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 617 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 463 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 432 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 469 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 443 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 459 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 453 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 513 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 436 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 488 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 479 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 440 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 450 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 469 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 506 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 423 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 495 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 420 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 455 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 420 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 461 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 477 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 445 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 454 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 455 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 472 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 439 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 509 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 417 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 371 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 409 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 358 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 454 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 380 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 431 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 403 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 376 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 408 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 380 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 423 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 426 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 425 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 324 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 416 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 411 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 417 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 420 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 429 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 345 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 434 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 479 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 392 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 399 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 410 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 398 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 413 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 439 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 387 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 394 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 358 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 342 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 395 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 422 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 377 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 340 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 399 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 384 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 378 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 393 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 440 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 378 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 356 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 369 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 438 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 342 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 403 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 327 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 309 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 449 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 320 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 429 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 427 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 446 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 450 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 395 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 458 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 396 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 448 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 437 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 483 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 456 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 413 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 331 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 359 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 484 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 441 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 407 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 506 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 402 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 404 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 408 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 416 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 179 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 324 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 463 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 495 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 396 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 471 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 451 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 456 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 424 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 451 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 428 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 450 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 594 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 388 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 314 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 417 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 459 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 444 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 425 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 433 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 452 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 409 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 398 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 533 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 485 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 436 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 574 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 481 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 385 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 424 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 526 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 449 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 465 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 446 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 549 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 462 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 386 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 413 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 438 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 394 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 422 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 448 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 425 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 375 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 413 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 407 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 371 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 418 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 439 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 435 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 395 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 448 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 388 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 418 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 437 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 463 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 465 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 354 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 420 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 485 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 429 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 413 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 382 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 415 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 407 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 414 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 403 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 459 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 311 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 399 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 379 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 357 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 368 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 392 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 268 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 376 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 394 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 427 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 334 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 384 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 426 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 362 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 363 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 348 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 372 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 368 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 390 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 297 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 272 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 415 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 391 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 379 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 399 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 343 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 325 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 324 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 383 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 401 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 388 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 500 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 469 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 417 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 564 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 334 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 323 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 343 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 357 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 349 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 487 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 365 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 463 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 346 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 385 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 326 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 293 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 353 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 398 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 330 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 417 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 385 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 394 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 411 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 344 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 419 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 292 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 350 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 397 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 381 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 357 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 392 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 269 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 375 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 349 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 340 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 309 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 333 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 360 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 326 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 366 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 317 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 325 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 389 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 224 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 353 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 412 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 377 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 393 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 292 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 353 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 357 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 382 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 358 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 387 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 383 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 374 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 290 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 392 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 302 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 386 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 378 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 343 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 405 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 506 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 412 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 395 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 398 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 399 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 427 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 339 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 421 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 444 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 399 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 416 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 404 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 400 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 307 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 437 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 423 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 436 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 436 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 456 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 473 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 455 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 489 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 484 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 397 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 300 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 184 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 216 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 202 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 180 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 221 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 199 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 185 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 173 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 188 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 158 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 176 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 185 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 181 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 198 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 193 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 167 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 186 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 177 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 175 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 179 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 172 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 174 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 164 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 175 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 197 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 176 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 179 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 186 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 222 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 196 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 209 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 209 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 189 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 215 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 202 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 202 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 190 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 178 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 194 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 173 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 156 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 189 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 187 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 173 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 193 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 188 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 187 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 215 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 175 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 192 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 174 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 196 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 204 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 191 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 191 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 198 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 186 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 192 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 201 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 191 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 182 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 180 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 176 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 189 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 189 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 184 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 206 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 184 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 192 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 215 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 211 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 180 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 202 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 205 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 240 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 212 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 198 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 204 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 216 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 197 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 207 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 171 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 165 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 217 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 164 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 168 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 215 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 186 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 198 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 181 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 205 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 215 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 189 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 174 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 197 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 190 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 202 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 203 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 183 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 192 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 204 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 184 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 200 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 189 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 163 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 207 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 183 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 210 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 229 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 187 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 174 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 197 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 169 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 180 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 170 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 199 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 230 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 217 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 179 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 190 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 204 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 232 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 200 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 198 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 193 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 183 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 173 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 189 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 182 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 191 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 185 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 211 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 156 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 169 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 154 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 150 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 150 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 182 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 148 Steve Clayton