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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 4419 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 471 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 417 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 370 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 335 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 349 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 305 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 290 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 275 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 342 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 314 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 208 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 294 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 284 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 313 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 307 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 290 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 334 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 301 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 286 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 316 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 298 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 296 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 282 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 267 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 282 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 312 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 303 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 295 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 339 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 291 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 400 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 392 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 340 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 384 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 293 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 323 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 262 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 311 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 254 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 253 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 254 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 279 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 289 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 273 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 239 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 255 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 243 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 276 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 259 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 203 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 196 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 279 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 266 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 286 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 251 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 303 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 206 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 300 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 266 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 263 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 300 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 231 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 234 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 301 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 244 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 233 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 284 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 332 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 316 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 257 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 320 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 315 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 333 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 213 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 298 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 215 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 251 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 272 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 276 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 254 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 253 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 259 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 291 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 275 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 281 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 312 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 269 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 189 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 229 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 254 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 279 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 367 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 273 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 280 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 262 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 276 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 263 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 315 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 256 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 296 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 287 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 265 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 272 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 308 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 249 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 304 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 257 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 258 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 251 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 278 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 289 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 278 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 266 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 285 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 287 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 259 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 301 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 249 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 207 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 243 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 179 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 285 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 219 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 252 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 246 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 203 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 220 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 218 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 246 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 250 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 257 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 173 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 250 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 265 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 246 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 252 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 254 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 188 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 253 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 295 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 231 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 228 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 234 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 228 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 254 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 265 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 232 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 229 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 198 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 176 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 223 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 259 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 212 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 175 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 242 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 228 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 215 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 230 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 253 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 220 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 199 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 223 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 264 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 174 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 228 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 178 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 161 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 267 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 165 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 245 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 257 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 264 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 258 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 228 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 275 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 239 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 258 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 259 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 271 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 275 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 254 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 173 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 194 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 300 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 265 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 241 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 317 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 253 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 243 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 233 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 246 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 24 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 196 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 288 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 244 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 274 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 273 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 258 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 266 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 262 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 271 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 352 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 243 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 154 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 244 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 283 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 264 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 259 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 230 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 223 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 321 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 296 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 256 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 344 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 296 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 217 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 254 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 319 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 269 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 281 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 255 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 307 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 281 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 226 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 233 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 266 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 221 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 260 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 267 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 242 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 249 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 257 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 199 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 242 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 261 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 236 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 266 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 215 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 238 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 255 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 284 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 269 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 192 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 255 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 290 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 256 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 231 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 237 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 236 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 253 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 252 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 161 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 235 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 226 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 197 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 210 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 222 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 134 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 222 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 236 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 278 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 183 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 227 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 252 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 193 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 210 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 215 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 212 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 215 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 201 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 137 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 135 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 235 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 231 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 213 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 217 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 183 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 170 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 169 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 215 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 215 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 252 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 306 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 284 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 247 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 380 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 179 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 170 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 180 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 175 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 191 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 287 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 184 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 263 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 192 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 230 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 177 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 149 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 210 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 231 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 174 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 246 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 215 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 225 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 253 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 193 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 236 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 142 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 182 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 236 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 215 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 204 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 203 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 146 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 209 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 191 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 199 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 156 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 184 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 212 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 198 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 213 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 196 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 168 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 205 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 101 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 185 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 240 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 207 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 220 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 156 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 181 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 193 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 218 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 180 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 232 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 225 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 211 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 151 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 214 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 141 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 209 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 219 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 184 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 220 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 284 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 232 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 226 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 224 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 223 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 241 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 183 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 241 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 247 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 232 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 231 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 231 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 225 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 178 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 263 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 251 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 256 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 266 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 277 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 292 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 282 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 310 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 324 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 235 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 123 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 53 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 61 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 47 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 46 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 65 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 55 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 72 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 45 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 34 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 31 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 25 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 27 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 68 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 32 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 70 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 52 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 30 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 36 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 28 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 55 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 48 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 44 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 40 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 32 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 62 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 37 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 50 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 41 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 51 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 40 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 53 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 39 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 38 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 30 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 34 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 43 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 30 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 28 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 43 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 36 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 42 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 33 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 39 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 56 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 41 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 37 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 31 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 39 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 46 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 52 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 39 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 41 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 47 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 45 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 40 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 28 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 34 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 34 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 41 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 50 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 77 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 51 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 45 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 57 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 101 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 34 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 34 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 44 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 58 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 81 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 52 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 42 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 47 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 44 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 37 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 30 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 33 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 56 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 48 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 28 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 30 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 32 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 37 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 42 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 45 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 55 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 61 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 45 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 38 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 36 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 35 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 42 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 40 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 42 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 32 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 41 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 52 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 36 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 51 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 48 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 52 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 37 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 41 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 27 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 43 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 64 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 43 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 30 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 29 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 19 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 26 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 31 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 26 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 55 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 51 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 25 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 50 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 50 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 63 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 42 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 60 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 48 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 30 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 30 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 41 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 27 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 42 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 32 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 47 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 22 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 25 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 19 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 18 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 17 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 29 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 24 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:07
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 24 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:22