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Over the years many have proposed various methods to explain how the Great Pyramid was built, yet as a rule such proponents ignore the fact all the pyramids of Egypt, if not the world, also require the same explanation. As amazing as the details of G1 may be, it still follows the same general construction principles as the rest therefore whatever method is devised to explain G1 must apply to all. Which of course they never do.

What we can see without exception in Egypt from exposed pyramids, whether the finished product was smooth sided or not, the principle structures are stepped built around a central "tower shaped" multi-stage (stepped) core.








To look back at the queen's pyramids at Giza we can see they were finished as true pyramids with casing stones still seen at the base:

LARGE PHOTO

In which we can see the very stages of completion right before our eyes:


They are not built in horizontal courses, but rather around a staged core structure built first in which vertical rows, "accretion layers", are added vertically in horizontal rows layer by layer around the core like so:

Applied to G1:

[*** (added) see reply titled "accretion layers"-If not clear, picture for display purposes only and not to be taken literally]

Visible accretion layer, Djoser's Saqqara pyramid:


What we see is that before, during, and after the construction of the great pyramids, G1 included, that with every exposed pyramid we see the same basic stepped tower core construction method which there is no reason to expect the great pyramids, including G1, to be any different. What this means is that the core facing blocks are not stacked in horizontal courses deck by deck until you get to the top, but rather vertically in rows around a multi-stage inner tower core with the final outer core laid horizontally.

Further to consider about G1 and G2, as was Abu Roash, is that they were built by incorporating a preexisting natural outcrop core. For perspective, we can see this exposed at Abu Roash:

The interior was also of course cut from this outcrop, not "built":


Estimates suggest that 40% of the original volume of the Abu Roash structure was a natural outcrop. By comparison G1 is conservatively estimated, based on it's visible parts, to have been at least 40ft high comprising 23% of its total volume.https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319586/document The natural core of G2 is estimated to occupy 11.5% of its total volume. According to this source:
Quote

These results are deduced from direct observation and should be regarded as minimum values. For the great pyramids [G1/G2], we propose a model postulating larger volumes and heights of approximately 20m [65ft].

The point is that when considering construction methods and sequences for G1 (and G2) what needs to be taken into account is that at least 23% of the volume was already there which is a number based on the total volume of the pyramid. If we accept the natural outcrop to have been 65ft high this would actually be a much higher percentage of the volume up to that height, probably at least 50%(?).

It is also interesting to note, which may have been what the authors of the source linked above had in mind, is that not only does the Queen's chamber and passage sit right at 65ft (20m) i.e. at the top of the proposed height of the outcrop:

LARGER

But also the beginning of the Grand Gallery which has further been proposed by some, which I believe has merit, to function as a ramp system for transport of the large stones of the King's and Relieving Chambers:


Top of well shaft as seen from bottom of GG:


To consider all that has been said:
1) The majority of the base of G1, its greatest volume to this height, was already there in the form of the natural outcrop. This outcrop would have already been roughly the shape of a truncated pyramid and shaped further, of note being the 65ft high deck in which all the upper chambers and GG are built directly on top of. Considering the greatest volume of a pyramid is located at its base, the preexisting outcrop would have reduced the amount of labor and stone required considerably. Probably the reason this site was chosen in the first place.

2) The outcrop would have acted as a preexisting staged core which just like all the other pyramids the outer core layers would have been added later in vertically layers and not horizontally course by course (deck by deck). This further dispels the notion proposed by some, if needed, that the casing stones were laid first and the core built behind them.

3) The 65ft course would have been the construction deck for completing the upper chamber system in which after the completion of the QC, the area above it was built up and the Grand Gallery was constructed as a ramp and pulley system to move the stones of the KC, and RC. Previously I proposed a rough model of the order of construction like this with each color representing different phases:
Photo #19/63
(I would modify it somewhat at this point to factor in the outcrop among other things, but you get the idea.)

The blocks of the 35th course are notably larger in size than the other courses (with the exception of the base) which is located directly above the apex of the QC roof:

It stands to reason this had something to do with the creation of the foundation level set on top of the outcrop to ensure stability for the upper chambers and ramp system of the GG.

4) I know this drawing really really sucks so use your imagination and don't take it literally, but I propose a reverse inclined ramp which utilizes a series of shaduf cranes positioned on steps on each end:
Photo #60/63

Blocks are brought to one end on a sled and lifted by a shaduf step by step until it reaches the deck of the ramp. It is then slid slightly downhill along oiled skids using gravity as mechanical advantage until it reaches the other end. From there it is lifted again using a series of shadufs positioned on steps which terminates on the 65ft deck which at that point the lifting is handed off to the GG. This system is used for as long as possible utilizing the raising of the deck in increments as staging areas for each rising course. The upper chambers are completed and the GG roof is added which at this point another multi-staged staged tower is built around these finished structures and the rest of the pyramid is completed using the accretion layer (vertical row) process.

The use of a shaduf stepped system greatly reduces the length and size of the ramp and using an inverted incline uses the help of gravity along its greatest length of travel further reducing labor and time. The use of counter weights on the shadufs, namely the people pulling the ropes to lift it, greatly reduces the effort to lift the blocks and also further moves the blocks in distance obviously both vertically and horizontally.

In conclusion, some of you will read this and ignore what is said and only focus on the minutia that does not conform to your pet theories and pedantically argue accordingly. Do yourself and the rest of us a favor and save it. The point is that when thinking of theories of how G1 was constructed, how all of the pyramids were built must be considered, not only as it applies to them all, meaning whatever system is used must also apply to the rest, but also how what we see in these other pyramids applies to G1. Regardless of how amazing G1 is, it did not fall out of the sky and belongs to a greater whole that must equally be accounted for.



Edited 23 time(s). Last edit at 02-Dec-17 17:56 by Thanos5150.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Pyramid Construction 5151 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 06:05
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 599 M. J. Thomas 11-Dec-16 11:10
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 538 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction & Grand Gallery 486 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 491 Jon Ellison 11-Dec-16 12:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 456 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 401 DScribr 11-Dec-16 14:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 466 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 18:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 421 Lee McGiffen 16-Dec-16 10:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 DUNE 16-Dec-16 12:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 DUNE 16-Dec-16 14:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 455 cladking 11-Dec-16 14:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 475 cladking 11-Dec-16 19:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 434 Thanos5150 11-Dec-16 17:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 417 sfbey 11-Dec-16 17:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 427 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 285 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 422 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 Warwick 11-Dec-16 20:56
Block Construction 391 DScribr 11-Dec-16 21:23
Re: Block Construction 416 Warwick 11-Dec-16 21:35
Re: Block Construction 417 randompHactor 11-Dec-16 21:53
Re: Block Construction 382 DScribr 11-Dec-16 22:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 423 loveritas 11-Dec-16 22:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 399 DScribr 11-Dec-16 23:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 399 loveritas 12-Dec-16 01:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 403 DScribr 12-Dec-16 14:31
More Sand 418 loveritas 12-Dec-16 22:11
Re: More Sand 412 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:19
Re: More Sand 409 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 00:15
Re: More Sand 374 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:25
Re: More Sand 371 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:03
Re: More Sand 387 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 01:19
Where is the Sand 423 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:00
Re: Where is the Sand 398 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:15
Re: Where is the Sand 388 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:34
Re: More Sand 441 Audrey 13-Dec-16 03:50
Re: More Sand 394 cladking 13-Dec-16 04:43
Re: More Sand 458 Audrey 13-Dec-16 04:55
Re: More Sand 477 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 11:40
Re: More Sand 478 Audrey 14-Dec-16 02:43
Re: More Sand 504 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 10:39
Re: More Sand 400 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:19
Re: More Sand 433 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:03
Re: More Sand 358 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 03:19
Re: More Sand 436 Audrey 15-Dec-16 05:40
Re: More Sand 349 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 09:50
Re: More Sand 339 DUNE 15-Dec-16 11:35
Re: More Sand 353 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 12:38
Re: More Sand 373 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:10
Re: More Sand 378 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 14:52
Re: More Sand 362 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 14:33
Re: More Sand 321 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:17
Re: More Sand 354 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:35
Re: More Sand 337 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 15:45
Re: More Sand 387 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 16:02
Re: More Sand 358 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 16:25
Re: More Sand 297 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:00
Re: More Sand 258 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:20
Re: More Sand 391 DUNE 15-Dec-16 17:38
Re: More Sand 367 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:48
Re: More Sand 404 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:27
Re: More Sand 341 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 14:41
Re: More Sand 424 DUNE 16-Dec-16 15:38
Re: More Sand 278 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 17:02
Re: More Sand 412 DUNE 16-Dec-16 17:15
Re: More Sand 371 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:12
Re: More Sand 376 DUNE 16-Dec-16 20:04
Re: More Sand 406 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 17:01
Re: More Sand 296 Jon Ellison 15-Dec-16 17:33
Chisel Marks Suggest..... 330 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:20
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 394 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 15:41
Re: Chisel Marks Suggest..... 343 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:49
Re: More Sand 321 Audrey 16-Dec-16 06:17
Re: More Sand 375 Jon Ellison 14-Dec-16 11:43
Popular Posters 427 loveritas 14-Dec-16 10:57
Re: Popular Posters 450 M. J. Thomas 14-Dec-16 13:52
Re: Popular Posters 363 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:18
Presumption Correction 454 loveritas 13-Dec-16 06:35
Re: Presumption Correction 432 Audrey 13-Dec-16 06:38
Re: More Sand 456 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 07:17
Re: More Sand 311 cladking 13-Dec-16 14:46
Re: More Sand 423 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 18:07
Re: More Sand 329 Thanos5150 13-Dec-16 19:07
Re: More Sand 364 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:19
Re: More Sand 372 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 02:34
Re: More Sand 381 cladking 14-Dec-16 03:41
Re: More Sand 346 Thanos5150 15-Dec-16 17:39
Re: More Sand 367 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:16
Re: More Sand 358 Audrey 14-Dec-16 03:31
GOT Sand??? 405 DScribr 14-Dec-16 04:06
Re: GOT Sand??? 393 Audrey 14-Dec-16 04:36
Re: GOT brains??? 389 DScribr 14-Dec-16 15:16
Re: GOT Sand??? 426 cladking 14-Dec-16 04:51
Who Ya' Gonna Call? 393 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:51
Re: More Sand 285 loveritas 13-Dec-16 01:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 325 Steve Clayton 11-Dec-16 23:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 346 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 00:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 376 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 374 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 518 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 378 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 356 Thanos5150 14-Dec-16 19:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 394 M. J. Thomas 12-Dec-16 11:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 362 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 17:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 378 M. J. Thomas 13-Dec-16 01:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 373 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 431 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 18:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 353 Jon Ellison 13-Dec-16 18:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 410 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 399 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 361 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 372 Sirius7237 13-Dec-16 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 387 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 17:31
Houdin's most critical error 409 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:17
Re: Houdin's most critical error 342 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 18:52
Re: Houdin's most critical error 417 Warwick 14-Dec-16 19:14
Re: Houdin's most critical error 342 Origyptian 15-Dec-16 21:07
the $64,000.00 Question 359 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:35
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 341 DScribr 16-Dec-16 21:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 388 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:03
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 394 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:23
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 368 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question 370 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 23:07
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 385 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 11:24
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 390 DUNE 18-Dec-16 12:14
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 361 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 17:05
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 425 DUNE 18-Dec-16 17:51
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 342 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 290 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 19:41
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 330 DUNE 19-Dec-16 21:29
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 284 Jon Ellison 19-Dec-16 22:47
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 374 DUNE 19-Dec-16 23:21
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 304 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:56
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 356 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 14:53
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 328 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:17
Where are the Taxonomies? 288 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: Where are the Taxonomies? 315 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:33
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 306 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 16:26
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 344 cladking 18-Dec-16 16:43
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 353 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:58
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 352 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 16:44
Re: the $64,000.00 Question . . . PLUS 247 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 17:33
In A Cemetery 339 DScribr 18-Dec-16 20:06
Re: In A Cemetery 338 cladking 18-Dec-16 20:11
Re: In A Cemetery 343 DScribr 18-Dec-16 22:59
Re: In A Cemetery 344 cladking 19-Dec-16 00:52
Re: In A Cemetery 355 DScribr 19-Dec-16 01:32
Re: In A Cemetery 264 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 01:52
Re: In A Cemetery 356 DScribr 19-Dec-16 03:54
Re: In A Cemetery 401 Thanos5150 19-Dec-16 04:44
Re: In A Cemetery 314 M. J. Thomas 19-Dec-16 17:53
Re: In A Cemetery 322 cladking 19-Dec-16 17:59
Re: In A Cemetery 328 Origyptian 19-Dec-16 18:13
Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 318 DScribr 20-Dec-16 03:50
Re: Yes, Buried In A Cemetery 339 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:34
Re: In A Cemetery 361 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:23
Re: In A Cemetery 313 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 11:28
Re: In A Cemetery 318 M. J. Thomas 20-Dec-16 11:52
Re: In A Cemetery 282 Corpuscles 20-Dec-16 11:58
Re: In A Cemetery 263 DUNE 20-Dec-16 15:06
Re: In A Cemetery 313 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:42
Re: In A Cemetery 346 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 15:49
Re: In A Cemetery 302 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 16:31
Re: In A Cemetery 267 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 16:49
Re: In A Cemetery 321 Jon Ellison 20-Dec-16 17:11
Re: In A Cemetery 314 cladking 20-Dec-16 19:46
Re: In A Cemetery 299 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 20:51
Re: In A Cemetery 319 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:56
Re: In A Cemetery 358 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:09
Re: In A Cemetery 303 Warwick 20-Dec-16 21:15
Re: In A Cemetery 280 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:42
Re: In A Cemetery 298 Warwick 21-Dec-16 23:01
Re: In A Cemetery 361 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:28
Re: In A Cemetery 246 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:07
Re: Why was the Egyptologist so depressed? 312 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:58
He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 234 cladking 21-Dec-16 20:27
Re: He just wasn't getting enough FUNicular... 236 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:35
Re: In A Cemetery 374 Thanos5150 20-Dec-16 21:44
Re: In A Cemetery 241 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:13
Re: In A Cemetery 352 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 00:02
Re: In A Cemetery 353 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 01:24
Re: In A Cemetery 361 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 01:55
Re: In A Cemetery 375 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:52
Enough et als to build a pyramid. 323 cladking 21-Dec-16 03:06
Re: In A Cemetery 378 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 03:15
Re: In A Cemetery 318 Audrey 21-Dec-16 04:50
Re: In A Cemetery 368 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:02
sidebar 360 Warwick 21-Dec-16 21:16
Re: In A Cemetery 401 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:01
Re: In A Cemetery 378 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 07:16
Re: In A Cemetery 340 Corpuscles 21-Dec-16 12:00
Re: In A Cemetery 262 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 13:39
Re: In A Cemetery 287 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 13:54
Re: In A Cemetery 408 DUNE 21-Dec-16 15:55
Re: In A Cemetery 364 Thunderbird 21-Dec-16 17:48
Re: In A Cemetery 332 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 22:33
Re: In A Cemetery 428 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 22:02
Re: In A Cemetery 329 Warwick 21-Dec-16 22:11
Re: In A Cemetery 328 Audrey 21-Dec-16 02:49
Re: In A Cemetery 334 M. J. Thomas 21-Dec-16 06:02
Re: In A Cemetery 343 cladking 21-Dec-16 14:44
Re: In A Cemetery 100 Steve Clayton 30-Mar-18 20:42
Re: In A Cemetery 255 DScribr 19-Dec-16 23:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 382 Sirius7237 14-Dec-16 23:27
Re: Pyramid Construction 413 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 315 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 03:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 390 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 04:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 13:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 370 Sirius7237 15-Dec-16 15:35
Animal Fat for Lube?!? 373 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:48
Re: Animal Fat for Lube?!? 349 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 17:26
Re: Animal Fat reduces Friction-That's A Fact! 375 DScribr 15-Dec-16 20:13
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 354 Sirius7237 17-Dec-16 22:09
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 378 Steve Clayton 19-Dec-16 02:03
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 508 Sirius7237 19-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 318 Steve Clayton 20-Dec-16 17:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 239 Sirius7237 21-Dec-16 02:56
Re: Counterweights and counterthoughts 341 Steve Clayton 21-Dec-16 18:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 385 cladking 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:29
Re: Pyramid Construction 348 cladking 12-Dec-16 15:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 357 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 01:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 375 Sirius7237 12-Dec-16 05:57
Re: Pyramid Construction 354 cladking 12-Dec-16 02:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 330 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 01:26
Re: Accretion Layers 315 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 02:14
Re: G3 Exposed 439 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 03:53
Re: G3 Exposed 409 loveritas 12-Dec-16 04:44
Re: G3 Exposed 360 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:15
Re: G3 Exposed 489 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:39
Re: G3 Exposed 403 loveritas 12-Dec-16 06:17
Re: G3 Exposed 309 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 15:40
Re: G3 Exposed 347 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:40
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 433 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 04:02
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 371 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:12
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 390 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 05:21
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 365 loveritas 12-Dec-16 05:38
Re: Detail of Queen's Pyramids 449 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 382 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 14:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 311 Thanos5150 12-Dec-16 16:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 DScribr 12-Dec-16 17:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 368 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 318 cladking 12-Dec-16 18:32
Re: Pyramid Construction 344 Warwick 12-Dec-16 18:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 369 cladking 12-Dec-16 19:18
Re: Pyramid Construction 347 Warwick 12-Dec-16 19:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 303 cladking 12-Dec-16 20:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 335 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 cladking 13-Dec-16 20:29
NO 288 Warwick 13-Dec-16 21:54
Re: Pyramid Construction 340 cladking 13-Dec-16 21:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 366 Warwick 14-Dec-16 18:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 352 cladking 14-Dec-16 18:52
While Egyptology fiddles... 321 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:32
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 371 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 308 cladking 16-Dec-16 20:22
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 335 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:48
Re: While Egyptology fiddles... 362 cladking 16-Dec-16 23:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 388 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 384 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 284 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 341 cladking 12-Dec-16 23:13
Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 406 DScribr 13-Dec-16 01:06
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction 348 cladking 13-Dec-16 02:27
Re: Mind-reading a means of Sentence (Re)Construction-Webster's is not...... 323 DScribr 13-Dec-16 03:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 306 Steve Clayton 14-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 333 cladking 14-Dec-16 19:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 335 Warwick 14-Dec-16 20:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 343 cladking 14-Dec-16 20:40
Re: Pyramid Construction 327 Audrey 15-Dec-16 01:39
Re: Pyramid Construction 371 cladking 15-Dec-16 01:48
correction 235 Warwick 16-Dec-16 19:30
Re: correction 326 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 19:49
Re: correction 303 Warwick 16-Dec-16 20:05
Re: correction 277 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 20:27
Re: correction 293 Warwick 16-Dec-16 22:10
Re: correction 309 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:50
NONE 196 DScribr 16-Dec-16 22:59
Re: correction 302 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:53
Re: 21st Century Westerner v 4th Dyn. Ancient Egyptian 317 M. J. Thomas 18-Dec-16 23:28
Re: correction 354 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 16:20
Re: correction 258 DocKnowles 22-Dec-16 20:22
Re: correction 308 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 21:00
Re: correction 347 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 06:43
Re: correction 280 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 07:43
Re: correction 297 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 10:44
Re: correction 281 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 12:06
Re: correction 300 cladking 23-Dec-16 14:26
Re: correction 300 eyeofhorus33 23-Dec-16 15:41
Re: correction 314 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:13
Re: correction 221 Origyptian 23-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 200 cladking 23-Dec-16 17:31
Re: correction 338 Thanos5150 23-Dec-16 17:39
Re: correction 317 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 08:13
Re: correction 303 cladking 24-Dec-16 15:18
Re: correction 324 eyeofhorus33 24-Dec-16 16:49
Re: correction 265 cladking 24-Dec-16 17:24
Re: correction 249 Thanos5150 24-Dec-16 16:52
Re: correction 248 Origyptian 24-Dec-16 18:12
Re: correction 302 Martin Stower 24-Dec-16 23:42
Re: correction 324 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 00:51
Re: correction 318 Thanos5150 25-Dec-16 01:03
Re: correction 424 DUNE 27-Dec-16 18:09
Re: correction 395 DUNE 30-Dec-16 21:16
Re: correction 339 Thanos5150 30-Dec-16 23:58
Re: correction 487 eyeofhorus33 31-Dec-16 07:38
Re: correction 261 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 14:44
Re: correction 248 DocKnowles 23-Dec-16 20:39
Re: correction 267 Martin Stower 23-Dec-16 22:02
Re: correction 278 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 21:42
Re: correction 273 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 22:24
Re: correction 414 Origyptian 16-Dec-16 22:38
Re: correction 285 Jon Ellison 16-Dec-16 23:00
Re: correction 378 Thanos5150 16-Dec-16 23:32
Re: correction 272 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 00:46
Re: correction 311 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 05:28
Re: correction 257 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 06:02
Re: correction 222 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:31
Re: correction 282 Audrey 17-Dec-16 07:07
Re: correction 323 DUNE 17-Dec-16 11:16
Re: correction 253 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:39
Re: correction 338 DUNE 17-Dec-16 16:48
Re: correction 309 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 17:00
Block Removal 321 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:25
Re: correction 332 Jon Ellison 17-Dec-16 12:36
Re: correction 269 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 15:08
Re: correction 336 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 13:56
Egypto-illogic. 217 cladking 17-Dec-16 15:32
Re: Egypto-illogic. 268 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 16:41
Ori-illogic. 323 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:12
Re: Egypto-illogic. 309 cladking 17-Dec-16 17:38
Got Shovels? 281 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:30
Reality-what a concept 311 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:09
Re: correction 203 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 18:26
Re: correction 295 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 19:14
Re: correction 273 cladking 17-Dec-16 19:37
Re: correction 269 Audrey 17-Dec-16 20:14
Modern Gods! 236 cladking 17-Dec-16 20:55
Re: correction 262 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 22:27
Birds Of A Feather 284 DScribr 17-Dec-16 22:30
Re: correction 260 Origyptian 18-Dec-16 00:37
Re: correction 290 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:35
Re: correction 250 Thanos5150 18-Dec-16 02:29
Re: correction 251 Audrey 18-Dec-16 01:21
Re: correction 317 cladking 18-Dec-16 02:03
Re: correction 153 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:45
Re: correction 278 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:28
Re: correction 340 Thanos5150 17-Dec-16 06:50
Re: correction 306 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 14:45
"We" have no objective reason to believe..... 319 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:16
Re: correction 218 cladking 17-Dec-16 14:51
Post o' the week! 270 DScribr 17-Dec-16 16:04
Re: Post o' the week! 285 cladking 17-Dec-16 16:11
Same Old Logic 310 DScribr 17-Dec-16 17:00
Re: correction 284 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:33
Re: correction 316 Origyptian 17-Dec-16 05:43
Not cropped, 'enhanced.' 302 DScribr 17-Dec-16 02:10
Re: correction 304 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:45
Re: correction 216 Audrey 17-Dec-16 03:40
Re: correction 309 Warwick 20-Dec-16 20:28
Re: correction 228 cladking 20-Dec-16 21:37
Re: correction 310 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 22:08
Re: correction 311 Origyptian 20-Dec-16 21:47
Ducks in a barrel 267 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:50
Re: Ducks in a barrel 325 Thanos5150 21-Dec-16 21:15
Re: Ducks in a barrel 424 Origyptian 22-Dec-16 05:15
Re: correction 334 Martin Stower 22-Dec-16 01:14
Re: correction 324 Audrey 21-Dec-16 01:54
Good Grief!!! 324 Warwick 21-Dec-16 20:32
Re: Good Grief!!! 331 Origyptian 21-Dec-16 23:04
Clueless 348 eyeofhorus33 21-Dec-16 23:24
Re: Clueless 269 Audrey 22-Dec-16 02:08
Re: Good Grief!!! 347 Martin Stower 21-Dec-16 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 351 Steve Clayton 15-Dec-16 02:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 323 cladking 15-Dec-16 04:00
The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 337 DScribr 15-Dec-16 04:54
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 324 cladking 15-Dec-16 05:15
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 324 DScribr 15-Dec-16 15:22
Re: The AE HAD Air Conditioning!!! 237 cladking 15-Dec-16 17:08
thank you for the opportunity 363 Warwick 13-Dec-16 19:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 348 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:31
It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 359 cladking 12-Dec-16 21:03
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 359 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 22:32
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 385 cladking 12-Dec-16 22:58
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 390 Steve Clayton 13-Dec-16 00:09
Re: It wasn't hard, it was funicular! 378 cladking 13-Dec-16 00:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 417 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 20:24
Re: Pyramid Construction 411 Steve Clayton 12-Dec-16 19:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 321 DocKnowles 18-Dec-16 09:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 223 Thanos5150 02-Mar-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 Origyptian 02-Mar-18 17:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 140 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 17:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 126 Steve Clayton 02-Mar-18 23:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 106 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 01:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 144 Audrey 03-Mar-18 03:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 141 cladking 03-Mar-18 04:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 173 Audrey 03-Mar-18 07:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 125 cladking 03-Mar-18 14:44
Re: Pyramid Construction 107 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 100 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Audrey 05-Mar-18 00:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 89 cladking 05-Mar-18 04:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 99 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 03:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 162 Origyptian 03-Mar-18 13:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 16:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 120 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 21:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 153 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 04:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 116 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 17:11
Re: Pyramid Construction 119 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 17:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 cladking 03-Mar-18 19:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 22:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 108 Audrey 03-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 101 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 20:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 102 Audrey 04-Mar-18 22:10
Re: Pyramid Construction 93 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:50
Re: Pyramid Construction 101 cladking 04-Mar-18 23:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 90 Thanos5150 03-Mar-18 21:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 Steve Clayton 03-Mar-18 23:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Thanos5150 04-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 124 Audrey 04-Mar-18 21:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 DUNE 04-Mar-18 22:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 107 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 02:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 107 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 147 cladking 05-Mar-18 05:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 119 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 02:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Warwick 05-Mar-18 16:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Thanos5150 05-Mar-18 18:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 128 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 18:30
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 Warwick 06-Mar-18 00:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 109 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 04:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 138 Warwick 06-Mar-18 04:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 14:33
Riposte 130 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:27
Re: Riposte 116 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 16:37
Re: Riposte 103 Warwick 06-Mar-18 16:54
Re: Riposte 114 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 17:15
Re: Riposte 99 Warwick 06-Mar-18 19:18
Re: Riposte 90 Origyptian 06-Mar-18 19:30
coup de grace 115 Warwick 06-Mar-18 20:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 17:37
Re: Pyramid Construction 99 cladking 04-Mar-18 17:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 18:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 DUNE 04-Mar-18 19:06
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 cladking 04-Mar-18 21:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 135 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 20:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 129 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 20:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 103 Origyptian 04-Mar-18 21:28
Re: Pyramid Construction 112 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 22:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 99 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 02:13
Re: Pyramid Construction 116 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 122 Steve Clayton 04-Mar-18 23:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Audrey 04-Mar-18 23:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 116 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:20
Re: Pyramid Construction 128 cladking 05-Mar-18 02:17
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Steve Clayton 05-Mar-18 19:19
Re: Pyramid Construction 118 Origyptian 05-Mar-18 19:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 124 cladking 05-Mar-18 20:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 16:14
Re: Pyramid Construction 111 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 19:02
Re: Pyramid Construction 100 cladking 06-Mar-18 19:58
Re: Pyramid Construction 106 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 21:43
Re: Pyramid Construction 101 cladking 06-Mar-18 22:03
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 Steve Clayton 06-Mar-18 23:07
Re: Pyramid Construction 117 Corpuscles 07-Mar-18 00:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 146 Steve Clayton 07-Mar-18 02:08
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 cladking 04-Mar-18 20:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 Steve Clayton 11-Mar-18 00:33
Re: Pyramid Construction 112 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 132 warleb 11-Mar-18 00:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 196 Origyptian 11-Mar-18 14:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 124 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 22:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 104 Jon Ellison 25-Mar-18 22:34
Re: Pyramid Construction 126 Barbelo 25-Mar-18 22:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 130 Thanos5150 25-Mar-18 23:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 166 Barbelo 26-Mar-18 03:55
Re: Pyramid Construction 136 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 04:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 121 Barbelo 27-Mar-18 10:48
Re: Pyramid Construction 126 Origyptian 27-Mar-18 15:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 134 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 22:35
Re: Pyramid Construction 124 Thanos5150 27-Mar-18 23:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 cladking 28-Mar-18 00:25
Re: Pyramid Construction 99 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:59
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 03:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 141 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 05:56
Re: Pyramid Construction 117 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 13:16
Re: Pyramid Construction 89 Steve Clayton 28-Mar-18 17:51
Re: Pyramid Construction 92 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 18:36
Re: Dashur Ancient Harbor 134 Thunderbird 28-Mar-18 20:36
Re: Pyramid Construction 105 Thanos5150 28-Mar-18 20:41
Re: Pyramid Construction 120 Origyptian 28-Mar-18 21:53
Re: Pyramid Construction 110 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 00:22
Re: Pyramid Construction 126 Origyptian 29-Mar-18 05:01
Re: Pyramid Construction 136 Thanos5150 29-Mar-18 16:52
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 14:05
Re: Pyramid Construction 114 Thanos5150 30-Mar-18 16:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 100 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 116 Origyptian 30-Mar-18 17:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 113 Eddie Larry 30-Mar-18 17:47
Re: Pyramid Construction 126 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:46
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 00:01
Where Are The Palaces? 108 Barbelo 31-Mar-18 00:26
Re: Where Are The Palaces? 116 Origyptian 31-Mar-18 04:38
Re: Pyramid Construction 131 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 04:45
Re: Pyramid Construction 106 Thanos5150 31-Mar-18 16:42
Re: Pyramid Construction 126 Eddie Larry 31-Mar-18 17:12
Re: Pyramid Construction 110 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 03:04
Re: Pyramid Construction 180 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 06:00
Re: Pyramid Construction 87 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 15:55
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 131 Thunderbird 05-Apr-18 18:52
Re: Manetho...David Rohl.....both wrong : ) 102 Eddie Larry 05-Apr-18 21:09
Re: Pyramid Construction 127 Corpuscles 05-Apr-18 22:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 152 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 04:50
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 109 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 12:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 103 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 16:39
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 116 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 18:21
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 91 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 19:01
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 107 Thunderbird 06-Apr-18 19:12
Archaeology vs Archaeology 95 Barbelo 06-Apr-18 20:13
Re: Peer Review and the Cat who is never wrong : ) 115 Eddie Larry 06-Apr-18 21:15
Re: Pyramid Construction 151 Steve Clayton 02-Apr-18 23:49
Re: Pyramid Construction 141 Thanos5150 03-Apr-18 17:26
Re: Pyramid Construction 101 Steve Clayton 05-Apr-18 00:39
Constructors’ Physique Assumption 117 Dr. Troglodyte 03-Apr-18 19:08
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 128 Origyptian 04-Apr-18 01:54
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 152 Dr. Troglodyte 04-Apr-18 14:24
Re: Constructors’ Physique Assumption 120 Steve Clayton 04-Apr-18 23:21
Means & Methods Assumptions 130 Dr. Troglodyte 05-Apr-18 15:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 121 Origyptian 05-Apr-18 21:13
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 111 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:45
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 100 cladking 07-Apr-18 14:01
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 119 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 16:42
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 110 Dr. Troglodyte 08-Apr-18 00:05
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 118 Origyptian 06-Apr-18 19:34
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 108 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 03:48
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 133 Origyptian 07-Apr-18 05:53
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 87 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:51
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 97 Thanos5150 07-Apr-18 21:36
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 79 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 23:32
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 78 Thanos5150 08-Apr-18 02:50
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 78 Steve Clayton 08-Apr-18 02:57
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 105 Dr. Troglodyte 07-Apr-18 13:58
Re: Means & Methods Assumptions 76 Steve Clayton 07-Apr-18 18:07