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Origyptian Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> Thanos5150 Wrote:
> --------------------------------------------------
> -----
> > Modern contamination happens in the lab, not in
> the
> > field, so are we to expect all of these labs to
> be
> > tainting their samples in the same way sample
> > after sample little different 11yrs apart? This
> > does not seem reasonable if even possible.
>
> It doesn't seem reasonable to you because you're
> making an incorrect assumption. Modern
> contamination can be accounted for by at least two
> possible sources other than the lab (I never
> claimed the lab introduced any contamination):
>
>
    1. Contamination definitely
    > has been happening since the casings were removed
    > centuries ago and the ancient mortar has been
    > exposed to the more modern atmospheric pollution,
    > tourists, robbers, animals, windblown organic
    > matter, etc., all of which have had their way with
    > the surface chemistry of those exposed core blocks
    > and mortar,
    >
    > 2. The mortar may have been introduced in the
    > early/pre- Dynastic period during restoration
    > projects and not as original construction. While
    > this might contain some smaller amount of date
    > "contamination", it's an enormous
    > contamination in the presumption that the
    > dates refer to the original construction of the
    > structure.
>
> > And regardless, modern contamination affects a
> > sample less and less the younger it is and no
> > matter what isn't going to tack on thousands of
> years.
>
> Modern contamination most certainly can take
> off
thousands of years, the more and more
> older the original sample really
> is, as I've explained in my
> [url=http://grahamhancock.com/phorum/read.php?1,10
> 54014,1055124#msg-1055124]earlier post to
> you[/url].
>
>
>
> > For convenience I quote Wikipedia:
> > "Any addition of carbon to a sample of a
> > different age will cause the measured date to
> be
> > inaccurate. Contamination with modern carbon
> > causes a sample to appear to be younger than it
> > really is: the effect is greater for older
> > samples. [b]If a sample that is 17,000 years
> old
> > is contaminated so that 1% of the sample is
> modern
> > carbon, it will appear to be 600 years
> > younger[/b]; for a sample that is 34,000 years
> old
> > the same amount of contamination would cause an
> > error of 4,000 years. Contamination with old
> > carbon, with no remaining 14
> > C, causes an error in the other direction
> > independent of age – a sample contaminated
> with
> > 1% old carbon will appear to be about 80 years
> > older than it really is, regardless of the date
> of
> > the sample."
>
> > So if a 17,000yr (15,000BC) old sample appears
> > only 600yrs younger with 1% modern
> contamination
> > it would take 18-20% contamination to get that
> > sample to appear to be 5,000yr (3,000BC) old.
> > There is no stretch of the imagination to make
> > this plausible.
>
> How do you know how much modern carbon could have
> seeped into the surface of that mortar and/or has
> been chemically exchanged with, or absorbed by,
> that surface "charcoal" over the past 700 years,
> considering all organic substances that could come
> in contact with those surfaces over such 24/7
> exposure? The RCD studies made a fundamental error
> of not only taking surface samples, but actually
> [i][u]requiring[/u][/i] that all of the samples
> be taken from the surface without offering any
> explanation at all for that requirement other than
> stating that all samples were biased to only those
> that contain a visible 1 mm clump of surface
> charcoal, the content of which is anyone's guess
> after being exposed to surface carbon for almost a
> millennium if not much longer.
>
> And that's not the only thing that's causing a
> skewed result. Let's not forget the outlier math
> apparently presumes a univariate normal
> distribution when no such sample distribution was
> mathematically characterized. This results in an
> incorrect "best fit" statistical method that
> forces the data into a preordained "expected"
> range. That seems clear with the '95 study (which
> included the '84 data).
>
> By the way, depending on the source of the
> charcoal in the samples and the process used to
> manufacture the mortar, charcoal can attract/trap
> a relatively huge volume of environmental carbon
> which can add significantly to the contaminant
> effect. For example, modern activated charcoal
> (which can be created simply by heating it above
> 250C within oxygen steam) absorbs not merely 20%
> of its weight, but up to [i][u]50,000
> times[/u][/i] its weight. Note that the process
> for manufacturing
> [url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Mtth5g59dEI
> C&pg=PA1081&lpg=PA1081&dq=process+to+make+%22gypsu
> m+mortar%22&source=bl&ots=tE_OhyPZRz&sig=DhgGtN2jN
> gPyAx8_g9zmCu_3-c4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiTgeDz1bT
> NAhXHZj4KHT9RCP8Q6AEIODAE#v=onepage&q=process%20to
> %20make%20%22gypsum%20mortar%22&f=false]gypsum
> mortar[/url] is about 250C to get the "sweet spot"
> between a slow drying but hard gypsum (120C-180C)
> and a fast drying, brittle gypsum (300C). So it's
> quite possible that the process created a lot of
> activated charcoal that served as a target for a
> great deal of modern contamination.
>
>
>
> > > Also, we need to consider the possibility that
> the
> > > sampled mortar might have been applied by the
> OK
> > > long after the original date of
> construction...
> >
> > As I said before, the joints of many blocks are
> > slathered with mortar which you can see where
> it
> > has oozed out between them. Romer estimates
> over
> > 500,000 tons of mortar was used in
> construction.
>
> Not sure how he has determined it was used during
> the "construction", vs. restoration, etc., long
> after original construction.
>
>
> > For this to be the work of restorers thousands
> of
> > years after the fact it would equate to them
> > refacing nearly the entire exterior of the
> core,
> > if not all of it, and this is assumes of course
> > the casing stones were not there.
>
> Not necessarily. It could simply mean that the
> restoration projects used mortar with big chunks
> of charcoal and the investigators biased their
> sampling to that batch of mortar applied during
> the restoration projects during dynastic times. We
> have no reason to assume the RCD studies selected
> randomly across that entire "500,000 tons" of
> mortar. By the way, considering G1 has been
> calculated to weigh a total of 6 million tons, I
> doubt Romer was talking about a half million tons
> of mortar on G1 alone.
>
> Meanwhile, it's not unreasonable to propose that
> throughout the dynastic era, they may very well
> have applied 500,000 tons of mortar as part of
> their reconstruction projects up and down the
> Nile. That's obviously a lot less work than
> building all that stuff from scratch. And it
> certainly would account for why the RCD studies
> are relatively consistent in dating the mortar to
> the dynastic period.
>
> Meanwhile, how can we know with certainty which
> mortar was applied during the
> [i][u]original[/u][/i] construction, if any,
> perhaps other than G1's casing stones which I'm
> not aware were ever sampled (again, I'm referring
> to deep samples, not the far more problematic
> surface samples).
>
>
>
> > > And of course, there's the artifacts
> introduced by
> > > the assumptions made in the "expected"
> distribution
> > > to ensure the data samples fit that
> distribution
> > > (as hinted by drrayeye's post in this thread).
>
> >
> > Other than drilling into the interior to
> hopefully
> > find a sample or two, there is nothing else
> that
> > is going to be any better than the samples
> > collected. Again, over 400 samples were taken
> > which all tell the same story which just so
> > happened to not be the story Egyptologists
> wanted
> > to hear. Twice.
>
> Perhaps it's simply a garbage-in-garbage-out
> effect? Do we have any reason to consider that the
> Egyptologists changed their methodology
> significantly between the various studies? Hawass
> was very clear that the only RCD studies he would
> approve are those that are run under the auspices
> of Egyptologists. So are there studies that were
> allowed to take deep samples, or that go into
> better description of the sample treatment to
> remove modern contamination, or that don't
> automatically presume a univariate normal
> distribution within the dynastic date range as a
> way to skew the data and omit those pesky
> "outliers"?
>
>
>
> > Again, over 400 samples say the same thing
> which
> > the '84 study in particular clearly gave
> results
> > Egyptologists did not want to see.
>
> And even though that Cayce study showed dates that
> were about 200 years older than the '95 study,
> it's not clear that the contamination in the '84
> samples still didn't make those dates far newer
> then they really are. The math allows those
> samples to be many millennia older than the
> investigator's methodology would lead us to
> believe.


Hey , Ori, what direct experience do you have with radiocarbon dating?

Thank you.

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Subject Views Written By Posted
Please start a new Creighton Khufu thread 2701 Thunderbird 12-Jun-16 21:04
Re: Please start a new Creighton Khufu thread 669 Harte 12-Jun-16 22:06
Re: sigh.... 645 Merrell 12-Jun-16 22:34
Re: sigh.... 590 Origyptian 13-Jun-16 05:08
Re: sigh.... 592 Audrey 13-Jun-16 05:17
Re: sigh.... 525 eyeofhorus33 13-Jun-16 06:00
Re: sigh.... 698 Origyptian 13-Jun-16 06:35
Re: sigh.... 603 Jon Ellison 13-Jun-16 13:11
Re: sigh.... 586 Jon Ellison 13-Jun-16 19:05
Re: sigh.... 508 eyeofhorus33 13-Jun-16 19:25
Re: sigh.... 610 eyeofhorus33 13-Jun-16 17:34
Re: sigh.... 595 Martin Stower 13-Jun-16 18:25
Re: sigh.... 506 Merrell 17-Jun-16 17:10
Re: sigh.... 474 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 19:27
Re: sigh.... 542 Origyptian 13-Jun-16 06:14
Re: Djedefre 586 Thunderbird 13-Jun-16 15:52
Re: Mastaba vs Pyramids 574 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 00:48
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 542 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 02:35
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 548 Audrey 14-Jun-16 03:40
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 568 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 04:55
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 605 Audrey 14-Jun-16 05:36
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 630 Thanos5150 14-Jun-16 06:09
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 486 DUNE 14-Jun-16 08:26
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 627 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 08:33
One throbbing headache 650 drrayeye 14-Jun-16 09:38
Re: One throbbing headache 543 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 09:56
Re: One throbbing headache 386 drrayeye 14-Jun-16 10:38
Re: One throbbing headache 475 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 10:59
Re: One throbbing headache 443 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 11:54
Re: One throbbing headache 516 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 12:22
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 553 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 20:05
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 577 Thanos5150 14-Jun-16 21:21
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 578 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 21:28
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 448 Thanos5150 15-Jun-16 01:45
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 540 R Avry Wilson 14-Jun-16 15:28
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 563 Warwick 14-Jun-16 15:39
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 464 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 15:53
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 592 R Avry Wilson 14-Jun-16 16:45
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 539 Audrey 14-Jun-16 17:39
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 625 R Avry Wilson 14-Jun-16 18:14
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 517 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 18:32
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 543 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 17:48
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 521 R Avry Wilson 14-Jun-16 18:23
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 490 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 18:39
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 581 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 18:28
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 559 cladking 14-Jun-16 23:53
And the Sirens of Titan... 479 cladking 14-Jun-16 23:41
Re: By the numbers 493 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 18:53
Re: By the numbers 579 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 18:57
Re: Painting by the numbers 558 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 22:36
Re: Painting by the numbers 551 Audrey 14-Jun-16 23:23
Re: Souls...on the move 603 Thunderbird 16-Jun-16 03:52
Re: By the numbers 579 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 19:41
Re: The Guillotine 448 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 22:06
Re: The Guillotine 580 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 22:17
Re: The survey says! 496 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 22:56
Re: The Guillotine 614 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 23:14
Re: The Guillotine 586 Corpuscles 14-Jun-16 23:28
Re: Rant and Riot 510 Thunderbird 16-Jun-16 03:28
Re: The Guillotine 472 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 00:22
Re: The great dating problem part 2 449 Thunderbird 17-Jun-16 01:57
Re: By the numbers 448 cladking 15-Jun-16 00:08
Re: Petrie and Schwaller de Lubicz 579 Thunderbird 15-Jun-16 06:46
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 538 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 05:21
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 571 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 11:33
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 538 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 12:31
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 459 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 13:51
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 508 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 15:06
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 578 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 14:57
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 490 Origyptian 14-Jun-16 15:20
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 566 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 16:51
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 502 R Avry Wilson 14-Jun-16 15:23
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 511 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 16:24
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 538 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 17:19
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 611 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 17:38
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 570 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 18:56
a note on wood 620 Warwick 14-Jun-16 19:17
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 556 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 20:00
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 548 Martin Stower 14-Jun-16 20:51
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 468 Jon Ellison 14-Jun-16 21:56
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 578 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 00:09
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 511 Origyptian 15-Jun-16 01:29
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 465 Thunderbird 15-Jun-16 04:31
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 434 Audrey 16-Jun-16 23:07
Re: The absolute bias 429 Thunderbird 16-Jun-16 23:30
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 423 Corpuscles 16-Jun-16 23:49
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 441 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 00:23
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 524 Corpuscles 17-Jun-16 01:37
Re: Way way out....Ping for Steven and Audrey 648 Thunderbird 17-Jun-16 06:42
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 553 Audrey 18-Jun-16 01:44
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 563 Thanos5150 18-Jun-16 04:35
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 424 drrayeye 18-Jun-16 05:36
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 468 Thanos5150 18-Jun-16 15:54
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 505 Origyptian 18-Jun-16 17:07
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 407 Thanos5150 18-Jun-16 17:30
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 493 Origyptian 18-Jun-16 19:18
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 440 Jon Ellison 18-Jun-16 18:16
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 429 Audrey 18-Jun-16 19:06
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 481 Jon Ellison 18-Jun-16 19:58
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 425 Brian Patterson 18-Jun-16 20:19
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 468 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 14:03
Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 471 Merrell 19-Jun-16 15:30
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 402 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 16:39
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 477 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 19:05
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 395 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 19:31
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 413 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 20:12
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 419 Audrey 19-Jun-16 20:24
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 435 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 21:26
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 431 Audrey 19-Jun-16 22:33
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 427 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 23:13
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 497 Audrey 19-Jun-16 23:21
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 426 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 01:50
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 432 Audrey 20-Jun-16 02:10
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 425 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 14:29
Re: The runny Red Ochre Cartouche 555 Thunderbird 19-Jun-16 22:47
Re: The runny Red Ochre Cartouche 419 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 23:35
Re: The runny Red Ochre Cartouche 595 Corpuscles 20-Jun-16 01:47
Re: The runny Red Ochre Cartouche 464 Audrey 20-Jun-16 02:51
Re: The runny Red Ochre Cartouche 439 Origyptian 20-Jun-16 14:45
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 433 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 21:53
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 472 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 22:00
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 503 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 22:13
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 428 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 22:22
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 391 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 17:04
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 419 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 17:54
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 516 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 18:55
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 444 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 19:04
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 436 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 19:29
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 514 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 19:33
Re: Sitchin on Khufu's cartouche 419 Merrell 19-Jun-16 17:58
Re: Builder signature/restoratio ns signature 433 Thunderbird 19-Jun-16 03:43
Re: Builder signature/restoratio ns signature 433 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 14:08
Re: Huge blocks 486 Thunderbird 19-Jun-16 17:49
Re: Huge blocks....Thanks Thanos : ) 434 Thunderbird 20-Jun-16 03:05
Re: Huge blocks....Thanks Thanos : ) 449 Thanos5150 20-Jun-16 03:44
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 439 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 03:10
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 537 Audrey 18-Jun-16 18:04
Quibbling 522 drrayeye 18-Jun-16 20:29
Re: Quibbling 422 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 02:08
Re: Quibbling 419 drrayeye 19-Jun-16 05:32
Re: Quibbling 436 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 15:50
Re: Quibbling 534 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 14:28
Re: Quibbling 404 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 16:44
Re: Quibbling 518 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 16:53
Re: Quibbling 449 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 17:21
Re: Quibbling 619 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 18:29
Re: Quibbling 477 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 16:59
Re: Quibbling 501 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 18:18
Re: Quibbling 444 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 20:27
Re: Quibbling 452 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 21:54
Re: Quibbling 432 Thanos5150 20-Jun-16 02:27
Re: Quibbling 465 Audrey 20-Jun-16 03:21
Re: Quibbling 431 Thanos5150 20-Jun-16 03:45
Re: Quibbling 447 Origyptian 20-Jun-16 15:24
Re: Quibbling 449 Thanos5150 20-Jun-16 15:58
Re: Quibbling 425 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 16:27
Re: Quibbling 404 drrayeye 20-Jun-16 20:29
Re: Quibbling 413 Origyptian 20-Jun-16 21:01
Re: Quibbling 457 Thanos5150 20-Jun-16 22:51
Re: Quibbling 422 Origyptian 21-Jun-16 04:21
Re: Cosmic and climate 364 Thunderbird 20-Jun-16 16:30
Re: Quibbling 354 OCaptain 14-Jul-16 12:16
Re: Quibbling 425 Origyptian 14-Jul-16 15:25
Re: Quibbling 407 OCaptain 14-Jul-16 16:58
Re: Quibbling 428 Origyptian 14-Jul-16 17:09
Re: Quibbling 537 OCaptain 14-Jul-16 17:32
Re: Quibbling 353 Origyptian 14-Jul-16 21:00
Re: Quibbling 481 OCaptain 17-Jul-16 14:12
Re: Quibbling 414 Origyptian 17-Jul-16 14:40
Re: Quibbling 355 cladking 17-Jul-16 15:17
Re: Quibbling 470 Origyptian 17-Jul-16 15:24
Re: Quibbling 561 Martin Stower 17-Jul-16 15:45
Re: Quibbling 517 Warwick 17-Jul-16 19:26
note for Brian 385 R Avry Wilson 15-Jul-16 00:20
Re: note for Brian 407 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 00:57
Re: note for Brian 394 Origyptian 15-Jul-16 01:26
Re: note for Brian 364 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 02:42
Re: note for Brian 447 R Avry Wilson 15-Jul-16 02:57
Re: note for Brian 453 Audrey 15-Jul-16 04:22
Re: note for Brian 416 R Avry Wilson 15-Jul-16 06:20
Re: note for Brian 463 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 15:54
Re: note for Brian 435 Origyptian 15-Jul-16 03:58
Re: note for Brian 488 OCaptain 16-Jul-16 15:00
Re: note for Brian 561 cladking 16-Jul-16 18:30
Re: note for Brian 438 Martin Stower 25-Jul-16 00:06
Re: note for Brian 573 cladking 25-Jul-16 00:37
Re: Quibbling 398 R Avry Wilson 15-Jul-16 00:17
Re: Quibbling 415 Origyptian 15-Jul-16 01:16
Re: Quibbling 497 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 01:30
Re: Quibbling 425 Origyptian 15-Jul-16 01:36
Re: Quibbling 392 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 02:16
Re: Quibbling 391 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 01:19
Re: Quibbling 419 Origyptian 15-Jul-16 01:29
Re: Quibbling 399 Martin Stower 15-Jul-16 01:45
Re: Quibbling 596 Audrey 19-Jun-16 18:18
Re: Quibbling 431 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 19:53
Re: Quibbling 511 Audrey 19-Jun-16 20:20
Re: Quibbling 429 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 20:38
Re: Quibbling 477 OCaptain 14-Jul-16 12:45
Re: Gatekeeping 603 Thunderbird 18-Jun-16 06:41
Re: Gatekeeping 465 Origyptian 18-Jun-16 15:32
Re: John Anthony West 519 Thunderbird 18-Jun-16 22:24
Re: Gatekeeping 423 Thanos5150 18-Jun-16 16:53
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 415 Origyptian 18-Jun-16 14:53
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 448 Thanos5150 18-Jun-16 17:22
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 583 Origyptian 18-Jun-16 19:18
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 433 Corpuscles 18-Jun-16 23:51
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 457 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 00:58
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 430 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 14:53
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 495 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 03:07
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 422 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 03:58
Re: The absolute chronology for early Egypt 430 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 04:44
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 448 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 15:31
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 509 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 15:43
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 496 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 16:53
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 504 Origyptian 15-Jun-16 18:22
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 482 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 18:35
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 515 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 18:45
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 475 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 19:11
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 549 Origyptian 15-Jun-16 18:47
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 482 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 19:07
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 506 Origyptian 15-Jun-16 20:19
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 531 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 00:33
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 476 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 05:15
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 593 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 16:49
Re: Outer casing 497 Thunderbird 15-Jun-16 17:30
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 572 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 17:51
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 473 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 18:24
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 468 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 18:28
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 382 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 18:48
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 473 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 19:16
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 540 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 19:24
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 450 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 19:38
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 448 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 21:02
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 519 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 21:40
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 556 R Avry Wilson 15-Jun-16 21:53
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 604 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 22:42
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 586 R Avry Wilson 15-Jun-16 23:58
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 483 Jon Ellison 16-Jun-16 00:41
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 436 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 00:53
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 445 Jon Ellison 16-Jun-16 01:07
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 490 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 01:30
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 466 Jon Ellison 16-Jun-16 01:37
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 502 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 10:32
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 459 Corpuscles 16-Jun-16 01:03
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 467 R Avry Wilson 16-Jun-16 01:15
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 429 Jon Ellison 16-Jun-16 01:29
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 342 Origyptian 16-Jun-16 21:39
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 418 R Avry Wilson 16-Jun-16 22:06
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 396 Origyptian 16-Jun-16 22:12
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 412 R Avry Wilson 16-Jun-16 22:28
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 334 Origyptian 16-Jun-16 22:49
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 410 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 23:51
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 346 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 23:28
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 419 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 00:15
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 334 Martin Stower 17-Jun-16 01:38
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 346 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 18:23
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 338 Martin Stower 17-Jun-16 20:00
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 340 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 20:17
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 376 Martin Stower 17-Jun-16 20:36
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 405 Martin Stower 16-Jun-16 23:06
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 403 Origyptian 16-Jun-16 21:37
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 487 R Avry Wilson 15-Jun-16 18:54
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 494 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 19:13
THE MORTAR 473 R Avry Wilson 15-Jun-16 20:47
Re: THE MORTAR 435 Corpuscles 15-Jun-16 22:30
Re: THE MORTAR 447 R Avry Wilson 16-Jun-16 00:53
Re: THE MORTAR 498 Corpuscles 16-Jun-16 01:55
Re: THE MORTAR 459 R Avry Wilson 16-Jun-16 02:28
Re: THE MORTAR 364 Origyptian 16-Jun-16 21:49
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 493 Warwick 16-Jun-16 19:33
Re: Be kind......Recycle ! 529 Thunderbird 14-Jun-16 19:17
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 570 Thanos5150 15-Jun-16 17:57
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 479 Jon Ellison 15-Jun-16 18:00
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 474 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 18:09
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 493 Thanos5150 15-Jun-16 18:44
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 458 Martin Stower 15-Jun-16 18:50
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 441 Thanos5150 15-Jun-16 20:00
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 463 R Avry Wilson 15-Jun-16 20:39
Re: That pesky Radio Carbon dating 506 Thanos5150 15-Jun-16 21:14
Same link, different thread... 509 DScribr 13-Jun-16 17:56
Re: Please start a new Creighton Khufu thread 511 Rofhessa 13-Jun-16 05:11
so who is it? 523 Warwick 13-Jun-16 16:36
Re: so who is it? 495 DScribr 13-Jun-16 18:00
Anachronism 467 Warwick 14-Jun-16 15:14
Re: Please start a new Creighton Khufu thread 575 Harte 13-Jun-16 22:21
Re: Please start a new Creighton Khufu thread 572 Audrey 13-Jun-16 22:33
Re: Please start a new Creighton Khufu thread 465 Harte 16-Jun-16 21:47
Philip's Cartouche 628 R Avry Wilson 17-Jun-16 20:30
Re: Philip's Cartouche 503 Martin Stower 17-Jun-16 20:53
Re: Philip's Cartouche 418 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 21:02
Re: Philip's Cartouche 347 R Avry Wilson 17-Jun-16 21:42
Re: Philip's Cartouche 337 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 21:59
Re: Philip's Cartouche 404 R Avry Wilson 17-Jun-16 22:12
Re: Philip's Cartouche 469 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 22:28
Re: Philip's Cartouche 445 Corpuscles 18-Jun-16 22:57
Re: Philip's Cartouche 340 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 03:21
Re: Philip's Cartouche 561 Corpuscles 19-Jun-16 07:56
Re: Philip's Cartouche 447 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 09:29
Re: Philip's Cartouche 410 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 15:45
Re: Philip's Cartouche 388 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 17:08
Re: Philip's Cartouche 332 Audrey 18-Jun-16 01:32
Re: Philip's Cartouche 420 Martin Stower 18-Jun-16 19:57
Re: Philip's Cartouche 379 Audrey 18-Jun-16 20:19
Re: Philip's Cartouche 395 eyeofhorus33 18-Jun-16 20:51
Re: Philip's Cartouche 348 Audrey 18-Jun-16 23:19
Re: Philip's Cartouche 287 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 00:31
Re: Philip's Cartouche 394 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 15:37
Re: Philip's Cartouche 461 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 00:35
Re: Philip's Cartouche 382 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 03:27
Re: Philip's Cartouche 433 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 06:42
Re: Philip's Cartouche 418 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 09:21
Re: Philip's Cartouche 336 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 10:03
Re: Philip's Cartouche 406 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 15:31
Re: Philip's Cartouche 431 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 16:11
Re: Philip's Cartouche 404 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 16:59
Re: Philip's Cartouche 496 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 17:23
Re: Philip's Cartouche 429 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 17:36
Re: Philip's Cartouche 345 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 14:10
Re: Philip's Cartouche 343 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 15:39
Re: Philip's Cartouche 320 Audrey 19-Jun-16 18:38
Re: Philip's Cartouche 413 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 18:50
Re: Philip's Cartouche 486 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 19:15
Re: Philip's Cartouche 413 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 19:32
Re: Philip's Cartouche 440 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 18:53
Re: Philip's Cartouche 393 Audrey 19-Jun-16 20:05
Clueless of Cartouche 394 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 21:19
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 384 Audrey 19-Jun-16 22:34
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 402 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 22:51
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 333 Audrey 19-Jun-16 23:16
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 445 Jon Ellison 19-Jun-16 23:25
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 374 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 23:45
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 433 Audrey 19-Jun-16 23:56
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 407 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 00:08
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 381 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 00:58
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 381 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 00:37
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 424 Audrey 20-Jun-16 00:51
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 366 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 00:55
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 376 R Avry Wilson 20-Jun-16 01:29
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 496 Audrey 20-Jun-16 01:53
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 407 R Avry Wilson 20-Jun-16 07:15
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 430 eyeofhorus33 20-Jun-16 17:03
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 431 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 21:03
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 373 Audrey 20-Jun-16 23:59
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 518 Jon Ellison 21-Jun-16 00:33
Re: Clueless of Cartouche, etc. 386 DScribr 20-Jun-16 01:24
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 339 eyeofhorus33 20-Jun-16 05:31
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 439 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 07:22
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 409 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 15:58
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 428 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 17:04
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 331 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 20:37
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 370 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 20:50
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 412 Martin Stower 21-Jun-16 00:05
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 333 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 00:25
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 381 Audrey 20-Jun-16 00:49
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 359 Martin Stower 20-Jun-16 01:26
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 474 Merrell 20-Jun-16 08:42
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 317 Jon Ellison 20-Jun-16 09:46
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 359 Origyptian 20-Jun-16 15:36
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 398 Merrell 20-Jun-16 16:14
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 401 Origyptian 20-Jun-16 19:35
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 517 Thanos5150 20-Jun-16 20:19
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 321 Origyptian 20-Jun-16 21:14
Re: Plateau erosion / Khentkhawes /Campbell's Tomb 500 Thunderbird 20-Jun-16 21:31
Re: Plateau erosion / Khentkhawes /Campbell's Tomb 629 Audrey 21-Jun-16 06:10
Re: Plateau erosion / Khentkhawes /Campbell's Tomb 390 Thunderbird 21-Jun-16 16:35
Re: Plateau erosion / Khentkhawes /Campbell's Tomb 448 Audrey 22-Jun-16 00:55
Re: Plateau erosion / Sher/Wall of the Crow 606 Thunderbird 22-Jun-16 06:15
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 541 Thanos5150 21-Jun-16 02:07
Re: Clueless of Cartouche 352 Audrey 21-Jun-16 05:32
Re: Dance of the Pole Stars 442 Thunderbird 21-Jun-16 05:56
Re: Clueless of Egyptology 416 DScribr 20-Jun-16 01:27
Re: Philip's Cartouche 397 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 15:18
Re: Philip's Cartouche 327 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 17:30
Re: Philip's Cartouche 535 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 00:12
Re: Philip's Cartouche 362 Audrey 19-Jun-16 00:17
Re: Philip's Cartouche 426 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 00:47
Re: Philip's Cartouche 389 Audrey 19-Jun-16 01:29
Re: Philip's Cartouche 379 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 01:46
Re: Philip's Cartouche 388 Audrey 19-Jun-16 03:01
Re: Philip's Cartouche 553 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 14:08
Re: Philip's Cartouche 362 cladking 19-Jun-16 14:45
Re: Philip's Cartouche 456 Corpuscles 19-Jun-16 01:38
Khufu's Cartouche 346 DScribr 19-Jun-16 00:24
Re: Philip's Cartouche 415 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 03:23
Re: Philip's Cartouche 425 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 15:18
Re: Philip's Cartouche 375 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 16:56
Re: Philip's Cartouche 421 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 17:30
Re: Philip's Cartouche 408 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 18:00
Good Grief... 441 Warwick 21-Jun-16 15:53
Re: Philip's Cartouche 402 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 02:57
Re: Philip's Cartouche 444 Audrey 19-Jun-16 03:32
Re: Philip's Cartouche 379 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 03:47
Re: Philip's Cartouche 420 Audrey 19-Jun-16 04:01
Re: Philip's Cartouche 344 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 04:26
Re: Philip's Cartouche 400 Audrey 19-Jun-16 04:33
Re: Philip's Cartouche 484 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 04:46
Re: Philip's Cartouche 401 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 09:35
Re: Philip's Cartouche 426 Thanos5150 19-Jun-16 16:05
Re: Philip's Cartouche 339 R Avry Wilson 20-Jun-16 23:44
Re: Philip's Cartouche 507 Thanos5150 21-Jun-16 05:56
Re: Philip's Cartouche 404 R Avry Wilson 21-Jun-16 16:51
Re: Philip's Cartouche 421 Origyptian 19-Jun-16 15:50
Re: Philip's Cartouche 302 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 16:42
Re: Philip's Cartouche 400 Martin Stower 19-Jun-16 15:07
Re: Philip's Cartouche 461 Merrell 19-Jun-16 10:50
Re: Philip's Cartouche 473 eyeofhorus33 19-Jun-16 13:57
Re: Philip's Cartouche 380 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 21:21
Re: Philip's Cartouche 345 R Avry Wilson 17-Jun-16 21:50
Re: Philip's Cartouche 438 Origyptian 17-Jun-16 22:27
Re: Philip's Cartouche 339 eyeofhorus33 18-Jun-16 20:54
Re: Philip's Cartouche 461 R Avry Wilson 19-Jun-16 02:23
Focus on the axiom 512 Merrell 19-Jun-16 20:24


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