Please join us in welcoming Patrick C. Chouinard as May 2012 Author of the Month.
Patrick is author of the new book Forgotten Worlds: From Atlantis to the X Woman of Siberia and the Hobbits of Flores and “Clash of the Giants”, featured in Lost Civilizations & Secrets of the Past Edited by Michael Pye and Kirsten Dalley.
Born and raised in Florida, Patrick C. Chouinard showed unique writing talents at a young age. His interests included anthropology, archaeology, mythology, and symbolism. Early on, he self-published a manuscript about ancient mysteries. Chouinard later produced and hosted an award-winning television series called Archaeology TV. He also became a regular contributor to Ancient American magazine. Chouinard subsequently joined the Central Gulf Coast Archaeological Society and was asked to join their board of directors. Mr. Chouinard has also started his own webzine called Gods & Aliens Magazine: www.godsandaliensmagazine.com, that has just recently launched.
See also www.forgotten-worlds.com
Please join the discussion during May on the AoM Message Boards http://www.grahamhancock.com/phorum/list.php?f=8
From the Great Flood to the Destruction of the Giants
Of all the structures left to us by the ancients, perhaps the most enduring are those known universally as megalithic monuments. These great architectural achievements are compelling, not only because of their immense size, but also because of their ambiguity. Who built them, when, why and, more importantly, how? In European folklore, giants were credited with building these massive stone monoliths. Indeed, there is direct mythological connection between giants, their prehistoric megalithic constructions, and the eventual doom of a lost civilization.
From the Bible to the Norse sagas, our earliest written accounts, tell us of advanced beings, often referred to as giants, who were the progenitors of a vast and sophisticated culture. This former civilization was responsible for building many of the stone monuments of antiquity. It was then eradicated in a global deluge, with little left of its former glory, except that which remained in stone or within our own ancient myths and legends. Such massive floods were described in hundreds of very similar stories all around the world by cultures with little or no contact with one another, as bestselling author Graham Hancock has repeatedly pointed out. All describe a former civilization of highly advanced technology, that angered the gods, so much that the gods decided to destroy them, thus sending earthquake and flood to cleanse the earth so It can start again. All these myths detail a single individual or group of individuals that survive the torrent so that the reintroduction of life and civilization can be achieved. Many myths describe an ark that houses the worlds many life forms and all that is needed for life to resume.
According to the Romanized Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, these “giants” were indeed skilled architects (Childress 2010: Kindle File) He mentions two pillars, one of stone and one of very hard brick. Giant men erected the pillars to stand as a lasting testament to their engineering skills. This was in preparation for the great cataclysmic deluge. The giants feared that this final catastrophe would destroy everything else that had been built by their hands. Two pillars were ultimately constructed so that at least one might survive the great deluge to come. (Childress 2010: Kindle File) British author Harold T. Wilkins later identified these giants as the “giants of the kingdom of Thoth, or Taut of Atlantis “ (Wilkins 1952:404-5)
In The Antiquities of the Jews Book I, Josephus wrote: “Now, these pillars remain in the land of Siriad to this day . . . Noah quitted the land of Seth for fear that his family might be annihilated by the giants. Their span of life had been reduced to 120 years . . . and Jehovah turned dry land into sea to destroy the earth . . . The food of the antediluvians was fitted to maintain a long life, and they observed the stars over the period of the Great Year that is 600 years . . . Ephorus and Nicolaus say that antediluvians had a span of life 1,000 years. As late as the days of Joshua, son of Nun, there were still giants of Hebron, who had bodies so large and faces so entirely different from other men, that they were surprising to the sight and terrible to the hearing. The bones of these giant men are still shown to this day.” (Childress 2010: Kindle File)
Giants: Mythology as Remembrance
It has been generally assumed by academics that giants, ogres and other monstrous beings are mere myths, nothing more. But there is much more to these stories than many are prepared to admit. Through archaeology we are coming to understand that the ancients were actually highly advanced and may have possessed technologies comparable to or even surpassing our own.
In Genesis 6:4 we read, “There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown” (King James Version). This particular verse from the Old Testament is actually one of most enduring controversies of modern Biblical scholarship. The term giants is actually a mistranslation of the Hebrew word Nephilim, which is derived from the Hebrew verb nafol, meaning “to fall.” Thus, the Nephilim are often conceived of as a fallen race of giants who ruled the world prior to the Great Flood, the global deluge that engulfed the antediluvian world and finally ended their reign. The descendants of the Nephilim are known as the Emin, who are described in the King James Bible as “a people greater, and many, and tall.” These descendants of the Nephilim were also the inheritors of the antediluvian religious practices and rites that were enacted atop Seir, the sacred mountain (Joseph 2005). For many, this whole matter remains an enigma that has sparked a great deal of speculation. Some claim that the Nephilim were actually greys (aliens), while others contend that the mysterious figures were actually the Neanderthals of Ice Age Europe and the Near East
Since their initial appearance on the earth in ancient times, giants have become a part of our collective unconscious. They have become a kind of Jungian archetype that has filled us with terror and captivated our imagination. Giants have become the cornerstone of the myths, legends, and traditions of almost every culture on earth; in many cases, these narratives have continued, unabated and unchanged, for millennia. Such myths often depict a civilization ruled by giants that is destroyed by a global deluge and eventually forgotten. Only myth and legend now survive to help us decode the secrets of that forgotten chapter in human history. As with all mythological accounts, however, these are but blurred images of a far more profound reality. Indeed, these gigantic inhabitants of our imagination are not mere figments, but rather the cultural “residue” from our past experiences as a species. They are, in fact, imprints or echoes of a remote but very real dark age that we have mostly long since forgotten.
For example, Inca myth describes the Ayar-aucca race, which includes four twin giants who hold up the sky. In this myth (as in many others like it) the human race becomes unruly and ungrateful. Angered by this neglect, the four giants agree to let the sky tumble down and crash into the sea. The result is a global flood that obliterates much of humankind (Joseph 2005). The idea of the sky crashing to the earth and destroying virtually all of civilization resonates with Plato’s Atlantis and some of the more recent speculation regarding its demise. Some theories suggest that a comet or asteroid may have impacted Earth sometime during our remote history, causing the destruction of
In Irish mythology, we learn of the Formorach, a giant sea people. Their leader, Balor, guides them to the shores of Ireland following the Great Flood. They then become the native inhabitants of that island. While some scholars locate the Formorach’s point of origin in Spain or North Africa, others claim that the original homeland of these pre-Celtic giants was Atlantis, thought to have been located 200 miles west of Gibraltar (Joseph 2005).
In the third millennium BCE, the dominant race of Anatolia was the Hurrians. The Hittites, who conquered the Hurrians in around 2000 BCE, absorbed much of their religion and mythological traditions. Part of this, was the myth of Alalu the first king of heaven, a giant god who thrived on a mountainous island situated on the Western Ocean. This was often referred to as the sea of the setting sun. Alalu’s son was the mighty Kumarbi, the Hurrian equivalent of the Greek Titan Kronos. This god was also the mythic personification of Atlantic Ocean. Such symbolic connections to the Titans continued into Roman times. Frank Joseph believes that this tradition of giant gods and the island in the Atlantic is a Hurrian memory of the mountainous island of Atlantis. (Joseph 2005: Kindle)
The Old English poem Seafarer describes immense stone walls that were the workmanship of giants. The Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland, natural geologic formations consisting of massive basalt columns, were claimed to also have been the work of the giants.
The Kai of New Guinea recalled a race of demigods, or giants called the Ne-Mu. They were said to be taller and stronger than the mortal race of today, but they were lords of the earth before the Great Flood. They taught the Kai ancestors the fundamentals of agriculture and house-construction. The Ne-Mu was wiped out during the Deluge, but their bodies transformed into blocks of stone. “This final feature of the myth,” Frank Joseph writes, “betrays the Kai’s reaction to megalithic structures found occasionally in New Guinea, often composed of prodigious stonework they identify with the pre-Flood Ne-Mu.” (Joseph 2005: Kindle File).
The natives of the Fijian islands believe that their ancestral land, called Burotu, sank long ago into the Pacific Ocean. This ancestral realm was obliterated when the “heavens fell down,” and fire and water melded together to produce the islands of Samoa (Joseph 2005). The survivors, known as the Hiti, were thought to be a race of giants, the children of Atlantis. They built a monumental arch standing almost 20 feet high.
Arabic myth describes a race of giants known as the Adites. These beings are the equivalent of the Atlantean Titans of Greek mythology, and are described as superior architects and builders. Since their earliest recorded history, Arabs in the Middle East have associated all immense structures with these great giants of antiquity.
In a Hittite narrative, a giant originating from the Western Ocean named Kumarbi places the world on his mountainous neck, thereby becoming the Anatolian equivalent of the Greek deity and Titan Atlas, the founder of the mighty Atlantean empire (Joseph 2005).
Bochica is a figure in the myths of the Chibcha peoples of what is present-day Columbia. A bearded, white-skinned giant similar to Atlas, he supports the sky on his shoulders. When the people forsake his teachings, he eventually drops the sky, causing a series of floods and conflagrations that decimate the planet. This event also destroys the giant’s own home, forcing his children to flee and seek shelter elsewhere. In the end, they settle along the coast of Columbia, eventually becoming the country’s native Indian inhabitants (Joseph 2005).
As you can see from this small sampling, the sheer number and variety of giant myths and legends is fairly staggering; indeed, they can be found in almost every culture on earth. Many of these mythologies include beings closely related to the Titans, who supposedly once ruled Atlantis. And of course there is also the recurring narrative of a great cataclysm that eventually destroys a lost civilization sometime in the remote past. Such common themes and motifs set a precedent for an even broader discussion.
It was this culture, the civilization of the primordial giants that ultimately built the great monuments of antiquity and were the progenitors of the lost civilization of human prehistory. What then do we have left of this great civilization?
The Medieval Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus insisted that giants must have once existed, because only they with their awesome strength and superhuman capabilities could have built the dolmens, menhirs, massive walls and other structures strewn across Western Europe. Many of the ancient forts and ruined walls, it would later be revealed, were actually built by the Romans from about the 1st century BCE – 5th Century CE.
Among the obviously more ancient structures, found in England, Scotland and Wales, many were attributed to the ancient Britons and possibly the Atlanteans. Indeed, Britain was once named after one of the Titan Kings of Atlantis, Albion.
The idea of a vast megalithic culture that once dominated much of Europe in the remote past, is one taken up by the author Paul Dunbavin in his book Atlantis of the West. Dunbavin believes that Atlantis lies beneath the Irish Sea and was submerged in 3100 BCE when a comet struck earth, causing the earth’s crust to shift and thus shrinking some of the existing landmasses, including those in and around ancient Europe.
For Dunbavin, the megalithic structures of Europe are not just primitive creations built by a Stone Age culture, but were the sophisticated handiwork of an advanced and ancient race, possibly the Atlanteans. The idea of giants as monstrous figments of the human imagination with no basis in reality is a common belief, but one, which I think, demands revision.
Located on a rocky promontory near Sissian in Armenia, is the profoundly ancient site of Zorats Karer, also known as Karahunj. Extensive research carried out by Paris Herouni and Elma Parsamyan of Biurakan Observatory, have concluded that the site was dedicated to the Armenian sun-god Ari. Herouni dates the site to about 7600-4500, the oldest stone circle in Europe. Herouni also concluded that some of the stones mirror the biggest star of the Cygnus constellation—Deneb. The fact that Zorats Karer could be the oldest observatory of its kind in Europe, if not the world, was further embraced by Oxford Astrophysicist Mihran Vardanyan, He affirmed the controversial nature of the site, primarily due to the fact that some scholars are skeptical of its astronomical significance. With regards to the site, Vardanyan writes: “The most commonly accepted theory about the meaning of Karahunj is that it is an ancient burial ground, or necropolis—a place to act as a bridge between the earth and the heavens in the cyclical journey of the soul involving life, death and rebirth. The necropolis thesis is certainly true after our initial investigations of the central circle, it is clear t he site was aligned to the sun, most likely aligned to the moon and—what is really exciting, possibly even some stars or planets—owing to the placement of small hjoles drilled through the monoliths and aimed at the horizon. It is these holes which makes this exceptional megalithic site unique out of all similar European sites.” (Vardanyan 2011)
Clorene In December 2010, the popular History Channel documentary series, Ancient Aliens, featured Zorats Karer on episode 14, “Unexplained Structures.” Ancient Aliens linked Herouni’s Deneb theory with the discovery of 300 exoplanets discovered by NASA’s Kepler planet-finding satellite within the Cygnus constellation. (Clotworthy 2010) This connection, without a doubt, is truly sensational and demands further investigation. Again, some old Armenian folk-tales tell of a distant epoch when the sun god Ari ordered a fallen race of giants to move the immense blocks of stone to the site and construct it. Surprisingly, many of the sites supposedly connected with sky gods and ancient aliens are also equally associated with earth-born deities and giants.
In 1898 a German expedition to Tell Baalbek, a site in present-day Lebanon, claimed to have discovered no evidence of occupation prior to the Roman period, despite claims a very ancient habitation of the site. Recent archaeological finds, however, have proven quite to the contrary. In a deep trench at the edge of the Jupiter temple platform, Neolithic artifacts were discovered along with the skeletons of three individuals of giant-stature! Also found were later finds of Persian origin, pottery, dating to 550-330 BCE
The history of the settlement of Baalbeck is over 9,000 years old, with continual settlement dating from the Neolithic Age to the Roman Iron Age. It was probably used as a temple site since pre-Hellenistic times. Surrounding the site are massive walls built with 24 monoliths, weighing some 300 tons each. The tallest wall, on the western flank of the temple-site, contains what is known as the trilithon, a row of three stones, each 19 meters long, 4.3 meters high and 3.6 meters broad, cut from solid limestone. Each stone weighs approximately 800 tons. Even with today’s technology moving them into place would be a tremendous architectural accomplishment, indeed
Another significant megalithic site needs no introduction, the glorious Stonehenge, perhaps the most famous megalithic structure ever conceived during prehistory. While none of the structures so far mentioned were made during the vanished age when giants ruled the earth, they were definitely built by the survivors of the Great Flood who utilized technology borrowed from their giant predecessors.
One story concerning Stonehenge in particular was a 12th century account written by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his work Historia Regum Britanniae, also known as “The History of the Kings of Britain. According to Geoffrey, giants had built Stonehenge on Mount Killaraus in Ireland. Geoffrey maintained that the rocks of Stonehenge were healing rocks, called the Giant’s dance, brought back from expeditions in Africa, and had immense curative properties. The 5th century Arthur-like figure Ambrosius Aurelius, at the behest of Merlin, chose Stonehenge as a monument for the knights who perished fighting off Saxon incursions. The King dispatched Merlin, Uther Pendragon and 15,000 knights to Ireland to capture the monument and bring it back to Britain. The knights slew 7,000 Irish warriors, but were unable to move the rocks with ropes and brute force. Then something very strange happened. Using the power of sound, Merlin dismantled the stones and transported them through a dimensional rift directly to Salisbury where they were re-assembled using levitation. Ambrosius Aurelius then died and was buried with Stonehenge also known as “The Giants’ Ring of Stonehenge.” Thus, even when talking about Stonehenge, one of the most famous and well-known of megalithic sites, references to giants and their ability to construct monuments form immense blocks of stones, weighing, sometimes, hundreds of tons, are well established. Until now, there has been no accurate method for pinpointing when rock was hewn from its quarry and erected. However, recently a new dating method known as chlorine 23 dating has been developed. Recent attempts at using this new method on Stonehenge has revealed that the monument, far from being the mere 4500 years as maintained by current academia, was dated to 25,000 BCE. Mainstream scientists have rejected these figures and, subsequently, do not consider the method of dating as reliable. The method was developed at the university level, and had absolutely nothing against itself in terms of its effectiveness, except it contradicted what the establishment wanted to believe as opposed to what the facts clearly explained. In turn, established academia claims the proponents of chlorine 23 dating themselves are mere seeing what they want to believe, in a total reversal of the truth. With the aid of chlorine 23 dating, however, independent researchers will continue to make phenomenal new discoveries in the years and decades ahead.
The Basques of southern France and Northern Spain, are perhaps the most ancient people alive in Europe today. Their bloodline goes all the way back some 40,000 years, according to genetic profiling begun in the late twentieth century, to the continent first modern population of Homo sapiens, the Cro-Magnon. Part of the evidence for this is the fact that they are truly a unique population, with now known linguistic, cultural or genetic relatives anywhere else in Europe. The Basques have a unique mythology as well. According to Basque accounts, giants are responsible for constructing one of the most enigmatic series of stone monuments in Western Europe, Carnac in Brittany, France.
According to David Hatcher Childress: “Carnac holds the greatest concentration of megaliths in the world. Conservative estimates claims that megaliths were being erected here by 5000 BCE, [over] seven thousand years ago. They may be much older.” (Childress 2010)
Francis Hitching, in Earth Magic, believes there must have been a central sighting megalith for observing moonrises and moonsets. Indeed, the whole series of structures seems to be a vast astronomical observatory, one of the only structures viewable from space, as if to speak to race of extraterrestrial giants saying “Here we are!” Childress writes: “Much of the gigantic astronomical observatory is probably under water. Many of the megaliths along the Brittany coast are apparently submerged. Many famous sites actually lead into the water, and some megaliths can be seen at low tide when they are barely above the surface.” If indeed, Carnac is far more ancient than mainstream scholars believe, than perhaps these are concrete proof of the forgotten age of giants and their prehistoric megalithic technology. Maybe these sunken ruins were above water prior to the flood. Jndeed, as Childress adds: “Many of the long lines of standing stones at Carnac and around the Morbihan Gulf were apparently built when the geography of Brittany was quite different.” Thus, its pre-flood existence may have in fact already been confirmed.
Based on these few examples alone, it is clear that our ancestors did, in fact, have contact with another, more “advanced” earth-born cultures, which in my opinion either directly constructed prehistoric megalithic structures or influenced their building by handing down superior technology to our ancestors. From this article we can conclude, that the link between giants and ancient flood myths are universal, and that the giant race is also invariably linked to immense building projects such as seen with the Arab Adites. We are beyond the point of saying that there is “some” truth behind these legends. They are in fact a categorical reality.
WERE ATLANTIS AND LEMURIA REAL PLACES? WHO BUILT THE PYRAMIDS AND FOR WHAT PURPOSE?
HOW ADVANCED WAS THE TECHNOLOGY OF ANCIENT CULTURES?
All this and more is covered in Exposed, Uncovered, & Declassified: Lost Civilizations & Secrets of the Past— the latest in the all-original series that is already sparking lively debate.
Patrick C. Chouinard examines the myths and legends surrounding giants through the ages and their connection to Atlantis. Erich von Däniken, best-selling author of Chariots of the Gods, examines the Egyptian pyramids, studying their astronomical implications and the message they were meant to convey.
Thomas G. Brophy, focuses on the mysterious Nabta Playa site in southern Egypt and its connection to African history. Intrepid explorer of ancient America Frank Joseph covers archeological scandals and attempts to suppress evidence, including the Smithsonian’s “loss” of Maya skulls discovered in the Aleutian Islands. Researcher Steven Sora, author of The Lost Colony, delves into evidence that Scotland’s Picts originated in North America and were connected to the ancient Micmac tribe of the Americas.
Includes original essays from Patrick C. Chouinard, Erich von Däniken, Frank Joseph, Nick Redfern, Philip Coppens, Steven Sora, Marie D. Jones & Larry Flaxman, Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, Scott Alan Roberts, Freddy Silva, Micah Hanks, and many others.